Window Study of Nivolumab With or Without Ipilimumab in Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02919683|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 29, 2016
Results First Posted : July 31, 2020
Last Update Posted : March 2, 2023
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This research study is studying nivolumab, an investigational drug, in combination with ipilimumab, also an investigational drug, as a possible treatment for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the oral cavity.
The following drugs are involved in this study:
- Nivolumab (Opdivo™)
- Ipilimumab (Yervoy™)
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Head and Neck Cancer||Drug: Nivolumab Drug: Ipilimumab Procedure: Standard of Care Surgery||Phase 2|
This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety and effectiveness of an investigational intervention to learn whether the intervention works in treating a specific disease. "Investigational" means that the intervention is being studied.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate effectiveness (how well the drug/s work) of Nivolumab or Nivolumab combined with Ipilimumab prior to standard of care surgery.
Nivolumab and Ipilimumab are types of immunotherapy. Immunotherapy works by encouraging the body's own immune system to attack cancer cells. Both nivolumab and Ipilimumab have been demonstrated to activate the immune system to attack cancer cells in laboratory studies and in patients with different types of cancers.
Nivolumab (Opdivo ™) has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of metastatic melanoma (a type of skin cancer), and specific types of previously treated advanced lung and kidney cancers. Ipilimumab (Yervoy™) is approved by the FDA for the treatment of metastatic melanoma.
Because Nivolumab and Ipilimumab help the immune system work in different ways, the combination of Nivolumab and Ipilimumab was tested in laboratory studies. The data from these studies suggested that giving the two drugs together could be of benefit to patients, and this was indeed found to be the case in patients with melanoma. The combination of Nivolumab and Ipilimumab is now FDA approved as treatment for patients with metastatic melanoma. However, the use of Nivolumab as well as Ipilimumab alone or in combination for the treatment of patients with head and neck cancer is not approved. Results from clinical trials investigating the safety and efficacy of Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in patients with head and neck cancer are not available at this time.
In the proposed study, either Nivolumab or the combination of Nivolumab and Ipilimumab is being tested is being tested prior to surgery to remove cancers of the oral cavity. By stimulating the immune system to attack cancer cells, these drugs may cause the cancer to decrease in size prior to surgery and prevent the cancer from coming back.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||30 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Window Study of Nivolumab With or Without Ipilimumab in Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity|
|Study Start Date :||November 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||July 2019|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||April 2024|
Experimental: Nivolumab With Ipilimumab
Other Name: Opdivo
Other Name: Yervoy
Procedure: Standard of Care Surgery
Other Name: Opdivo
Procedure: Standard of Care Surgery
- Percentage of Participants With a Volumetric Response Rate to Treatment [ Time Frame: At time of surgery ]
Response rate to window treatment with single agent nivolumab or nivolumab combined with ipilimumab is determined using bidirectional measurements (product of longest 2 diameters of lesions) of primary and nodal lesions to be removed at the time of surgery.
Responders will have demonstrated any reduction in overall tumor volume as determined by the product of the longest perpendicular bidirectional tumor measurements.
- Safety and Tolerability of Protocol Treatment [ Time Frame: At the time of surgery ]Outcome measure includes number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.0, number of dose-limiting toxicities in safety run-ins following a 3 + 3 design, and delays to surgery.
- Percentage of Participants Demonstrating Objective Response Using RECIST Criteria [ Time Frame: At time of surgery ]Determining the radiologic response rate following the window treatment as determined by RECIST v1.1.
- Percentage of Participants Demonstrating Pathological Response [ Time Frame: At time of surgery ]
Pathologic response in the primary tumor was assessed using a quantitative grading scheme:
pathologic tumor response [nonviable tumor] PTR0 = no or <10% response PTR1 = ≥10% PTR2 = ≥50%
- Participant One Year Progression-Free Survival Percentage [ Time Frame: 1 year ]Progression-free survival is defined as the time between first study treatment and either recurrent disease or death. Recurrent disease includes a local failure, regional failure, or distant metastasis.
- Participant Overall Survival Percentage [ Time Frame: Data Cutoff (14.2 Months Median Follow Up) ]Overall survival is defined as the time between first study treatment and death.
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Pathologically confirmed squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity. Clinical stage >=T2 (primary tumor greater than 2 cm in size) and/or evidence of regional nodal involvement by clinical exam or imaging
- Only patients 18 years and older are eligible. There is no upper age limit but the patients must be able to medically tolerate the regimen. Adverse event data are currently unavailable on the use immune checkpoint blockade for participants < 18 years of age, and thus children are excluded from this study
- ECOG performance status <=1
- Patients much be a surgical candidate (e.g. their disease must be considered resectable before any treatment and must have no serious medical contraindications that definitively preclude undergoing general anesthesia) Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
- Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must agree to use appropriate method(s) of contraception (see Appendix B). WOCBP should use an adequate method to avoid pregnancy for 23 weeks (30 days plus the time required for nivolumab to undergo five half-lives) after the last dose of investigational drug. WOCBP is defined as any woman or adolescent who has begun menstruation and is not post- menopausal. A post-menopausal woman is defined as a woman who is over the age of 45 and has not had a menstrual period for at least 12 months
- Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 24 hours prior to the start of nivolumab
- Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must agree to use any contraceptive method (see Appendix B) with a failure rate of less than 1% per year. Men receiving nivolumab and who are sexually active with WOCBP will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 31 weeks after the last dose of investigational product Women who are not of childbearing potential (ie, who are postmenopausal or surgically sterile as well as azoospermic men do not require contraception)
- Participants must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:
Laboratory parameters: WBC ≥ 2000/uL, Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1500/mm3; Platelets ≥ 100,000/mm3; Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥ 9 g/dL; Hgb-A1C ≤ 7.5%; Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3 × upper limit of normal (ULN); Bilirubin ≤ 2.5 × ULN (≤ 4 × ULN for subjects with Gilbert's disease); Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 × ULN; Creatinine ≤ 1.5 × ULN
- Pathologically proven, radiologic or clinical evidence of distant metastatic disease (this includes all disease below the clavicles, as well as disease metastatic to the bone, brain, or in the spinal canal)
- Any prior immunologic cancer therapy with systemic inhibitors of the PD-1 or CTLA-4 pathway
- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
- Individuals with a history of a different malignancy are ineligible except for the following circumstances: if they have been disease-free for at least 2 years and are deemed by the investigator to be at low risk for recurrence of that malignancy; or if diagnosed and treated within the past 2 years for cervical cancer in situ or basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
- Prior radiation to the head and neck region
- Prior chemotherapy within the last 2 years
- History of pneumonitis or interstitial lung disease
- Has evidence of active, noninfectious pneumonitis that required treatment with steroids.
- Active, suspected or prior documented autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the last 2 years with immune modifying agents (e.g. replacement therapy such as thyroxine, insulin or physiologic corticosteroids is not an exclusion criteria). This does not include patients with vitiligo or type 1 diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger
- The subject is known to be positive for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), HepBsAg, or HCV RNA
- Lack of availability for follow up assessments
- Concurrent administration of other cancer specific therapy during the course of this study is not allowed
- Patients who require systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease
- History of allergy to study drug components
- History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody
- The investigator's belief that the subject is medically unfit to receive nivolumab, and/or ipilimumab or unsuitable for any other reason
- Has received a live vaccine within 28 days of planned start of study therapy
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02919683
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Dana Farber Cancer Institute|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115|
|Principal Investigator:||Jonathan Schoenfeld, MD||Dana-Farber Cancer Institute|
Documents provided by Jonathan Schoenfeld, MD, MPH, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
|Responsible Party:||Jonathan Schoenfeld, MD, MPH, Principal Investigator, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||September 29, 2016 Key Record Dates|
|Results First Posted:||July 31, 2020|
|Last Update Posted:||March 2, 2023|
|Last Verified:||February 2023|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||No|
Head and Neck Cancer
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms by Site
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action