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Vaccination With Autologous Dendritic Cells Loaded With Autologous Tumour Homogenate After Curative Resection for Stage IV Colorectal Cancer. (COREVAX-1)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02919644
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 29, 2016
Last Update Posted : November 9, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la cura dei Tumori

Brief Summary:
Single-arm, monocentric trial to assess safety and immunological efficacy of adjuvant vaccination with autologous dendritic cells loaded with autologous tumour homogenate after curative resection for stage IV colorectal cancer

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stage IV Colorectal Cancer Curative Resection Biological: autologous dendritic cells loaded with autologous tumour homogenate Drug: IL2 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Vaccination with autologous dendritic cells loaded with autologous tumour homogenate after curative resection for stage IV colorectal cancer: a phase II study.

Primary objectives: Safety Immunological efficacy, expressed as number of patients who show enhancement of the proportion of circulating immune effectors specific for a selected panel of Colon-Rectal Cancer (CRC)-associated antigens.

Secondary objectives: Clinical outcome of the patients (OS, RFS, TTR). To evaluate the predictive role of the development of a positive DTH test after at least three vaccine administrations.

To evaluate the persistence of an antitumor immune response after the completion of the vaccination program.

To evaluate the prognostic or predictive role of the enhancement of a specific immune response.

To evaluate a panel of inflammatory cytokines involved in antitumor immune response.

To evaluate the predictive role of immune cells in tumour microenvironment. To evaluate the predictive role of tumour antigen expression.

This is a two-stage, phase 2 clinical trial designed according to Simon minimax design. A 40% immune response rate would preclude further studies, while a 70% immune response rate would indicate that further studies would be warranted. Given α and β error of 0.1, the first stage will require enrolment of 7 patients. If at least 3 patients show an immune response and toxicity is acceptable, the study will proceed to the second stage and additional 12 patients will be enrolled.

The vaccine will be considered immunologically active if at least 11 patients are immunological responders.


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Study Type : Interventional
Estimated Enrollment : 19 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Vaccination With Autologous Dendritic Cells Loaded With Autologous Tumour Homogenate After Curative Resection for Stage IV Colorectal Cancer: a Phase II Study
Study Start Date : April 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: vaccine + Interleukin -2 (IL2)
autologous dendritic cells loaded with autologous tumour homogenate given by intradermal injection (day 1), followed by IL-2 given by subcutaneous injection daily for five days (days 3-7)
Biological: autologous dendritic cells loaded with autologous tumour homogenate
Each vaccine dose consists of 10_7 autologous dendritic cells loaded with autologous tumor homogenate

Drug: IL2
Each vaccine dose is followed, after two days, by IL-2 as adjuvant, at a dose of 3 MU daily for five consecutive days




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events [ Time Frame: up to 24 months ]
    To characterize the safety of the study drugs all adverse events observed during the study will be collected and assessed using the CTCAE v 4.03 criteria . Type, incidence, and severity of the adverse events will be reported and analyzed using descriptive statistics. All patients who received at least one treatment cycle will be considered evaluable for this primary endpoint.

  2. immunological efficacy [ Time Frame: up to 24 months ]
    Immunological efficacy will be assessed by quantifying circulating immune effectors specific for a selected panel of tumour antigens using interferon (IFN) - γELISPOT analysis . The assay determines the proportion of peptide-reactive T lymphocytes from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) expressed as number of spot-forming Cells


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Relapse Free Survival (RFS) [ Time Frame: up to 7 years ]
    Relapse Free Survival (RFS) is calculated as the time from study enrolment to either disease recurrence, defined as above, or the date of death for any cause. Patients alive with no evidence of disease recurrence at the time of their last visit are censored at the time of the last examination.

  2. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: up to 7 years ]
    Overall Survival (OS) is calculated as the time from study enrolment to the date of death for any cause. Patients still alive at the time of analysis are censored at the last time they are known to be alive.

  3. Positive Delayed Type Hypersensitivity (DTH) skin test [ Time Frame: up 24 months ]
    evaluation of the predictive role of a positive DTH test after at least three vaccine administrations

  4. Antitumor Immune response [ Time Frame: up to 7 years ]
    evaluation of the persistence of an antitumor immune response after the completion of the vaccination program assessed by ELISPOT assays

  5. evaluation of the prognostic or predictive role of the enhancement of a specific immune response [ Time Frame: up to 7 years ]
    evaluation of the prognostic or predictive role of the enhancement of a specific immune response assessed by ELISPOT

  6. evaluation of a panel of inflammatory cytokines involved in antitumor immune response [ Time Frame: up to 24 months ]
    Serum sampling will allow the evaluation of a panel of inflammatory cytokines during and after treatment and their concentration will be evaluated by SearchLight multiplex array analysis according to manufacturer's instructions (FDA-validated test)

  7. evaluation of the predictive role of tumour antigen expression [ Time Frame: up to 24 months ]
    Immunohistochemistry on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumour samples will allow to evaluate the expression of tumour-associated antigen

  8. evaluation of the predictive role of immune cells in tumor microenvironment [ Time Frame: up to 24 months ]
    Immunohistochemistry on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumour samples will allow to characterize the immune infiltrate



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients must have histologically confirmed stage IV colorectal cancer surgically treated with radical intent.
  2. The autologous surgical specimen must have been collected and sent to the Somatic Cell Therapy Lab of Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori (IRST IRCCS) and must fulfil all the acceptance criteria prescribed by the Good Manufacturing practise (GMP) procedures.
  3. The patient must be disease-free, as assessed by CT scan or MRI of the chest, abdomen, pelvis performed within 60 days before enrolment. If the resected lesions had occurred in other sites, these must be also included in the baseline CT scan and in all the subsequent evaluations.
  4. The patient must have recovered (grade 1 or less by CTCAE 4.0) from all the adverse events related to previous surgery.
  5. Age >18 years.
  6. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1.
  7. Patient must have acceptable organ function, defined as:

    1. Haemoglobin >10 g/dl
    2. White blood cells ≥4000/μl.
    3. Absolute neutrophil count >1500/μl.
    4. Platelets ≥100000/μl.
    5. aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) <3 times the upper institutional reference level.
    6. Total bilirubin <1.5 times the upper institutional reference level.
    7. Serum creatinine <1.5 times the upper institutional reference level.
  8. Patients aged 70 years or older must have left ventricular ejection fraction not lower than 55% as assessed by echocardiography.
  9. Female patients of childbearing potential and all male patients must accept and be compliant with an highly effective contraceptive method (i.e. with a failure rate of <1% per year: double barrier method, one barrier method plus spermicidal, intrauterine device, or oral contraception) from informed consent signature and up to three months after end of study. For this purpose are considered of childbearing potential all female subjects after puberty unless they are post-menopausal for at least two years or are surgically sterile. Complete abstinence from sexual intercourses is acceptable if patients' lifestyle guarantees his/her strict compliance with this prescription in the judgement of the Investigator.
  10. The patient is willing and able to give written informed consent for the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with residual disease after surgery. Marginal resection of any lesion in the absence of clinically evident residual disease is acceptable.
  2. Patients who relapsed within 6 months since primary treatment of stage I-III colorectal cancer. If adjuvant chemotherapy had been administered, the term must be computed since last chemotherapy dose.
  3. Patient who completed surgery more than 60 days before study enrolment.
  4. History of other neoplastic diseases in the previous 5 years, except basal cell carcinoma of the skin and in situ carcinoma of the cervix uteri treated with curative surgery.
  5. History of congenital or acquired immunodeficiency, including history of organ transplantation.
  6. Any positivity for the serologic markers of hepatitis B virus (HBV) (including at least anti-HBs antibodies and anti-hepatitis B core (HBc) antibodies), hepatitis C virus (HCV), HIV or Treponema pallidum. The serologic tests must have been performed within 30 days before any GMP-regulated activity (i.e. surgical resection and leukapheresis). The sole positivity for antibodies against the HBV S antigen (i.e. with all other HBV markers negative) is indicative of previous HBV vaccination and therefore is acceptable.
  7. Female patients who are pregnant or nursing.
  8. Patients undergone surgery after preoperatory chemotherapy with a fluoropyrimidine plus oxaliplatin, unless they are not candidate for postoperatory chemotherapy with the same schedule in the opinion of the Investigator (e.g. for unacceptable toxicity) or refuse completion of the perioperatory treatment.
  9. Participation in another clinical trial with any investigational agent within 30 days prior to study screening.
  10. Any active inflammatory or autoimmune disease requiring systemic steroids or other immunomodulatory agents as detailed in section 6.4, or potentially requiring such treatments during the study treatment in the judgement of the Investigator.
  11. Any clinical condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator or the Transfusion Medicine specialist, is a contraindication to leukapheresis. In addition, all patients aged 70 or older must be evaluated by a cardiology specialist before the procedure to exclude any clinically relevant cardiac condition and any grade 3-4 cardiac arrhythmia, even if asymptomatic.
  12. Any clinical condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, contraindicates the subcutaneous administration of low-dose IL-2 as per protocol (see section 6.2 for details).
  13. Any uncontrolled serious intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations potentially impacting patient safety and compliance in the opinion of the Investigator.
  14. Refusal of giving written informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02919644


Locations
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Italy
UO Immunoterapia e Laboratorio TCS Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori (IRST) S.r.l IRCCS
Meldola, FC, Italy, 47014
Sponsors and Collaborators
Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la cura dei Tumori
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Francesco De Rosa, MD UO Immunoterapia e Laboratorio TCS Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori (IRST) S.r.l IRCCS

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Responsible Party: Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la cura dei Tumori
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02919644     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRST153.04
2015-000894-11 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: September 29, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 9, 2018
Last Verified: November 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Keywords provided by Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la cura dei Tumori:
vaccination
autologous dendritic cells
autologous tumour homogenate
curative resection
stage IV colorectal cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Colonic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs