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Presenting Summary Information From Cochrane Systematic Reviews

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02918656
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 29, 2016
Last Update Posted : December 20, 2016
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Croatian Science Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ivan Buljan, University Hospital of Split

Brief Summary:
The objective of the investigators study is to evaluate the efficacy of infographics in presenting information, in terms of understanding and remembering research results, compared to standard PLS formats and scientific summary formats (SciSum).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Understanding Cochrane Systematic Reviews Other: Infographic presentation of health information Other: PLS presentation of health information Other: Scientific abstract presentation of health information Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
The investigators will conduct a randomized control trial (RCT) with three different formats of the same systematic review summary (infographics, PLS and scientific summary). The content of these three formats is based on the same systematic review, but the ways of data presentation will differ: visual presentation, plain language, and scientific language. The trial will be performed at the beginning of the 2016/2017 academic year, with first year university students as participants. The trial will be voluntary and anonymous. The survey will consist of 4 parts: 1) demographic data, 2) one format of the summary (randomly assigned), 3) comprehension test of the information given in the summary, 4) accessibility of information and overall satisfaction with the given summary assessed by survey and 5) health numeracy test. All materials will be in Croatian. The materials used in this research will be assessed by experts in order to confirm face validity of developed questions.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 171 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Presenting Summary Information From Cochrane Systematic Reviews: Randomized Controlled Trial of Infographics Presentation vs. Standard Word Summaries
Study Start Date : October 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2016

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Infographics
Infographic presentation of health information
Other: Infographic presentation of health information

The students in this group will read Cochrane systematic review summary in infographics format.

Infographics format is a form of visual presentation of results of systematic review, supported by pictures and graphs.


Active Comparator: Plain Language Summary
PLS presentation of health information
Other: PLS presentation of health information
The students randomized in PLS group will read text format with simple explanation of the survey topic main findings which is intended for lay audience.

Active Comparator: Scientific abstract
Scientific abstract presentation of health information
Other: Scientific abstract presentation of health information
The students in scientific abstract group will read the the text written for the academic population and practitioners.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Understanding [ Time Frame: One-hour after the intervention ]
    The primary outcome of the study is the score on a understanding test with ten questions about information contained in all three forms of presentation, titled as "Understanding information about external cephalic version for breech presentation before term" (Hutton et al, 2015). The questions will focus on understanding the benefits and risks of the intervention and the quality of evidence described in the systematic review. Each correctly answered question will be awarded one point, with a maximum of 10 points. The scale was specifically designed for this research, they ask about the information contained in all three abstract format and all questions are open-ended.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Reading experience [ Time Frame: One hour after the intervention ]
    This section of the survey will include 5 questions about the experience of participants about the text they read, measured on a 10-point Likert type scale, where 1 means do not agree at all and 10 means fully agree. The total score is the sum of scores on all five answers (maximum 50).

  2. Accessibility of relevant information [ Time Frame: One hour after the intervention ]
    This section of the survey will have 5 questions concerning how easy it was for the participant to find relevant information, measured by a10-point Likert type scale where the answer 1 means I do not agree at all and 10 means I fully agree. The total score is the sum of scores on all the answers (maximum 50).

  3. Health numeracy score [ Time Frame: One hour after the intervention ]
    This section will use 6-item General health numeracy test (Osborne et al., 2013) in order to determine how much our participants understand the basic health instructions regarding numeracy dimension. For each correct answer, the participants receive one point and the total score is the sum of all correct answers.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Eligible participants will be first-year university students without experience with Cochrane review summaries, because prior familiarization with Cochrane summaries could make information uptake easier by those participants.

Exclusion criteria:

  • Participants who give the positive answer to the survey question about familiarity with the Cochrane will be excluded from the study analysis.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02918656


Locations
Croatia
School of Medicine
Split, Croatia, 21000
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital of Split
Croatian Science Foundation
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ana Marušić, MD, PhD Professor at Medical School of Split

Responsible Party: Ivan Buljan, PhD student, University Hospital of Split
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02918656     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IP-2014-09-7672
First Posted: September 29, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 20, 2016
Last Verified: October 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: Data will be collected electronically, using the SurveyMonkey platform. The data will be fully anonymous and will be kept on a secure server of the School of Medicine.

Keywords provided by Ivan Buljan, University Hospital of Split:
Cochrane
Abstract
Infographics
Understanding