2nd or 3rd TKI-stop After 2 Years Nilotinib Pre-treatment in Patients With First or Second Unsuccessful Treatment Discontinuation in CML (NAUT)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02917720|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 28, 2016
Last Update Posted : May 18, 2020
The main goal of the study is the assessment of duration of major molecular response (MMR) or better at 12 and 36 months after stopping tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) therapy a second or third time in patients with at least three years prior TKI treatment comprising at least two years of nilotinib treatment within this trial and maintained stable MR4 (BCR-ABL ratio <0,01% on international Scale (IS) for at least one year and MR4.5 (BCR-ABL ratio <0,0032% on IS) for at least 6 months:
- who failed a first stop in the EURO-SKI study (standardized criteria)
- who failed a first or second stop outside the EURO-SKI study but would have had fulfilled same eligible criteria and were stopped according to EURO-SKI rules
- who failed a first or second stop outside the EURO-SKI study without fulfilling EURO-SKI rules
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Chronic Myeloid Leukemia||Other: TKI discontinuation Drug: nilotinib||Phase 2|
The proposal is to re-treat patients with a minimum of two years with nilotinib 2x300 mg/d resulting in total of at least three years TKI treatment who show recurrent disease after unsuccessful first or second stop after TKI treatment in or outside the EURO-SKI study.
If MR4 or better is re-achieved and maintained for at least one year and MR4.5 or better is re-achieved and maintained for at least 6 months, patients will be eligible for a second stop attempt within this study. For MR4, three consecutive PCRs with MR4 or deeper should be measured within one year and for MR4.5, two PCRs during 6 months should demonstrate a MR4.5.
Patients who exhibited hematological relapse after the first stop attempt will not be eligible for a second stop attempt within this study.
After inclusion, 3 monthly monitoring will be performed under nilotinib treatment within the trial. Patients fulfilling the criteria mentioned above will then enter the screening phase.
After verification of MR4.5, TKI treatment will be stopped and patients followed in the same manner as described in EURO-SKI (monthly PCRs for 6 months, 6-weekly PCRs 7-12 months after stopping, thereafter 3-monthly). If MMR is lost (BCR-ABL >0.1% (IS)), TKI treatment will once again be restarted; here the same TKI (nilotinib) is recommended.
It is assumed that after failure of first (or second) stop a switch to treatment with 2GTKI may increase the chance of stopping a second (or third) time [Legros et al. Blood 2012; Rea et al. Blood 2014] It is expected that the rate of a successful second (or third) stop at 12 and 36 months is more than 25%.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||200 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Multicenter Prospective Trial After First or Second Unsuccessful Treatment Discontinuation in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia ( CML) Estimating the Efficacy of Nilotinib in Inducing the Persistence of Molecular Remission After Stopping TKI a 2nd or 3rd Time|
|Actual Study Start Date :||September 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||September 2025|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||September 2026|
Experimental: TKI-stop, pre-treatment with nilotinib
Treatment after unsuccessful 1st or 2nd discontinuation at least two year with nilotinib (300 mg/bid). In total, retreatment with TKI for at least 3 years before entering screening for stopping phase is warranted. Clinical monitoring every 3 months during this 2 years.
Patients who re-achieved and maintained MR4 for at least 12 months and MR4.5 for at least 6 months can enter screening phase for TFR .If MR4.5 is confirmed by an validated laboratory, patient may enter stopping phase of the study. Patient not fulfilling these criteria can be screened again every 3 months until month 48. After TKI-stop hematological monitoring and quantitative PCR of BCR/ABL1 (month 1-6 after stopping: monthly; month 7-12 after stopping: every 1.5 months, thereafter once every three months, for 3 years in total.
Relapse is defined as BCR-ABL1 > 0.1% on IS at a single time point (loss of MMR) In case of relapse restart of TKI. In general, the same TKI (nilotinib) as before second stop is recommended
Other: TKI discontinuation
2nd or 3rd TKI stop after pre-treatment with nilotinib.
Pre-treatment with nilotinib 300 mg/bid for 2 years
- Assessment of duration of MMR or better at 12 months after stopping TKI therapy a second or third time [ Time Frame: 12 months after stopping ]Assessment of duration of MMR or better at 12 months after stopping TKI therapy a second time in patients with at least three years prior TKI treatment comprising at least two years of nilotinib treatment within this trial and maintained stable MR4 for at least one year and MR4.5 for at least 6 months
- Assessment of quality of life (QoL) profiles under nilotinib treatment and comparison with previous TKI therapy before switch and after stopping [ Time Frame: 5 years ]To investigate QoL changes over time in relapse-free patients without TKI re-start as measured by the EORTC QLQ-C30 and CML 24 (one combined questionnaire)
- Identification of clinical and biological factors correlating with the persistence of MMR or better after stopping TKI [ Time Frame: 6 months after stopping ]Proportion of high risk patients according to the risk score at 6 months after stopping TKI;
- Estimation of overall survival [ Time Frame: 3 years ]Overall survival is calculated from the date of 2nd stop of TKI treatment until the date of death irrespective of the cause of death. Patients still alive at the date of analysis will be censored at the date of last follow-up.
- Time to re-achievement of MR4.5 after restart of therapy [ Time Frame: 3 years ]Assessment of molecular response after 3 years
- Number of patients with grade 1 through grade 5 adverse events (AEs) that are related to study drug, graded according to NCI CTCAE Version 3.0 [ Time Frame: 3 years ]Assessment of incidence of any AEs (e.g. from musculoskeletal system) that arise after stopping TKI treatment a second time
- Assessment of duration of MMR or better [ Time Frame: 36 months after stopping ]Assessment of duration of MMR or better at 36 months after stopping TKI therapy a second or third time in patients with at least three years prior TKI treatment comprising at least two years of nilotinib treatment
- Number of patients with grade 1 through grade 5 adverse events (AEs) that are related to study drug, graded according to NCI CTCAE Version 3.0 [ Time Frame: 2 years treatment with nilotinib 300 mg/bid ]Assessment of incidence of any AEs (e.g. from musculoskeletal system) that arise after stopping TKI treatment a second time
- Estimation of progression-free survival [ Time Frame: 3 years ]Progression-free survival is defined as overall survival plus the additional events progression to accelerated phase or blast crisis that also terminate PFS
- Identification of clinical and biological factors correlating with the persistence of MMR or better after 6 months [ Time Frame: 6 months after stopping ]Proportion of female patients without molecular relapse
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02917720
|Contact: Susanne Saußele, Prof. Dr. med.||+49 621 383 ext firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Study Chair:||Susanne Geiselhart||Heidelberg University|