COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC:

Get the latest research information from NIH: Menu

Combination Nicotine Patch / Lorcaserin for Smoking Cessation (LorNic)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02906644
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 20, 2016
Results First Posted : May 7, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 7, 2019
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Duke University

Brief Summary:
This study plans to compare the efficacy of the nicotine patch / lorcaserin combination treatment vs. the nicotine patch alone in terms of leading to a reduction in smoking behavior and withdrawal symptoms.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Nicotine Dependence Drug: lorcaserin Drug: nicotine patch Drug: placebo lorcaserin Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This study proposes to investigate the potential efficacy of a combination of two FDA-approved agents, nicotine patch and lorcaserin, for smoking cessation treatment. The nicotine patch which provides a sustained low dose of nicotine is a nicotine receptor agonist. Lorcaserin, a serotonin 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2C (5-HT2C) agonist, is a drug that is FDA-approved for weight loss, and has also recently been shown to be efficacious for smoking cessation. Given that these drugs act through distinct mechanisms it is hoped that the combination will prove more efficacious than either drug alone. It is also hypothesized that the combination will reduce weight gain commonly seen after smoking cessation.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 97 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Care Provider)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Combination Nicotine Patch / Lorcaserin for Smoking Cessation
Actual Study Start Date : November 8, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 27, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : October 18, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Lorcaserin + Patch
Participants will receive lorcaserin (10mg twice a day) and nicotine patches (21mg/24hr) for 14 weeks, at which point the nicotine patch dosage will be reduced to 14mg/24hr for 1 week, followed by 7mg/24hr for 1 week.
Drug: lorcaserin
Other Name: Belviq

Drug: nicotine patch
Other Name: Nicoderm

Experimental: Patch
Participants will receive nicotine patches (21mg/24hr) and placebo lorcaserin for 2 weeks; after 2 weeks participants will begin to receive active lorcaserin (10mg twice a day) along with the nicotine patches for 12 weeks, at which point the nicotine patch dosage will be reduced to 14mg/24hr for 1 week, followed by 7mg/24hr for 1 week.
Drug: lorcaserin
Other Name: Belviq

Drug: nicotine patch
Other Name: Nicoderm

Drug: placebo lorcaserin
Other Name: placebo Belviq

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time-to-lapse [ Time Frame: Week 2 pre quit day ]
    Two weeks after treatment is initiated, with nicotine patch + lorcaserin or nicotine patch alone, but still two weeks prior to the quit day, subjects will be evaluated in a modified version of the McKee Smoking Lapse Task. In this task smokers, who have been abstinent for 2 hours will be provided with the option to smoke at any time, but paid by the minute for remaining abstinent with progressively decreasing payments over an hour.

  2. Smoking Withdrawal [ Time Frame: Week 2 pre quit day ]
    At the study visit above (two week post treatment initiation but 2 weeks prior to quit day), withdrawal symptoms will be assessed after 2 hours of smoking abstinence using the Shiffman-Jarvik (short form) questionnaire, which consists of 9 items rated from 1 to 7, where 1= not at all, 2= very little, 3= a little, 4= moderately, 5= a lot, 6= quite a lot, and 7= extremely. The 9 items are grouped into 8 subscales: Craving, Negative Affect, Appetite, and Arousal. The range of scores for each subscale will be 1-7, with higher scores indicating more of the withdrawal symptom having been experienced.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants Reporting Smoking Abstinence [ Time Frame: Weeks 7-10 post quit day ]
    Number of participants who reported continuous four-week abstinence from smoking (weeks 7-10 post target quit date), confirmed by expired air carbon monoxide (CO).

  2. Number of Participants Reporting Tolerability Issues With Lorcaserin + Nicotine Patch Treatment [ Time Frame: Two Weeks pre and 10 weeks post quit day ]
    Tolerability of the lorcaserin + nicotine patch treatment will be assessed by tabulating the number of participants rating side effects > "moderate".

  3. Weight Gain Following Continuous Four-week Abstinence From Smoking [ Time Frame: Week 10 post quit day ]
    Among smoking-abstinent participants, weight gain relative to baseline will be assessed.

  4. Number of Participants Reporting 6-month Smoking Abstinence [ Time Frame: 6 months post Quit Day ]
    Number of participants who reported not smoking for the previous seven days when called for 6-month follow-up, confirmed by expired air carbon monoxide (CO).

  5. Percentage of Change in Ad Libitum Smoking at End of Week 2 [ Time Frame: Week 2 pre quit day ]
    To evaluate the effects of lorcaserin on ad libitum (ad lib) smoking, the percent change in reported number of cigarettes smoked from baseline to the end of week 2 (the day prior to the 2nd study visit) will be calculated.

  6. Adherence to Lorcaserin + Nicotine Patch Treatment as Indicator of Tolerability [ Time Frame: Two Weeks pre and 10 weeks post quit day ]
    Tolerability of the lorcaserin + nicotine patch treatment will be assessed by calculating adherence scores based on the percentage of days on which the study drugs were taken between visits as reported by participants on diaries.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18-65 years old;
  • Smoke an average of at least 10 cigarettes per day;
  • Have smoked at least one cumulative year;
  • Have an expired air CO reading of at least 10ppm;
  • Body weight of >50 kg (110 lbs.)
  • Able to read and understand English;
  • Express a desire to quit smoking in the next thirty days.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Hypertension (systolic >140 mm Hg, diastolic >100 mm Hg, coupled with a history of hypertension); subjects with no previous diagnosis of hypertension may have a screening blood pressure up to 160/100.
  • Hypotension with symptoms (systolic <90 mm Hg, diastolic <60 mm Hg).
  • Participants with a history of hypertension may, however, be allowed to participate in the study if the study physician or physician assistant determines that the condition is stable, controlled by medication, and in no way jeopardizes the individual's safety.
  • Coronary heart disease, diagnosed by coronary angiogram;
  • Lifetime history of heart attack;
  • Cardiac rhythm disorder (irregular heart rhythm);
  • Chest pain in the last month (unless history, exam, and ECG clearly indicate a non-cardiac source);
  • Symptomatic cardiac (heart) disorder (including but not limited to valvular heart disease, heart murmur, heart failure);
  • Diagnosis of liver disease or kidney disorder (except kidney stones, gallstones);
  • Gastrointestinal problems (e.g. Celiac disease, Crohn's dx Ulcerative Colitis) or disease other than gastroesophageal reflux or heartburn;
  • Active ulcers in the past 30 days;
  • Currently symptomatic lung disorder/disease (including but not limited to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema, and asthma);
  • Brain abnormality (including but not limited to stroke, brain tumor, and seizure disorder);
  • Migraine headaches that occur more frequently than once per week;
  • Recent, unexplained fainting spells;
  • Problems giving blood samples;
  • Diabetes (unless controlled by diet and exercise alone and screening glucose is less than 180mg/dcl and HbA1c is less than 7%);
  • Current cancer or treatment for cancer in the past six months (except basal or squamous cell skin cancer);
  • HIV, Hepatitis B, or Hepatitis C
  • History of tuberculosis or recent positive purified protein derivative (PPD) test
  • Other major medical condition;
  • Current psychiatric disease (with the exception of anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and ADHD);
  • Suicidal ideating (thinking about ways to commit suicide) (within the past 10 years) or lifetime occurrence of attempted suicide;
  • Current depression - The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) for Depression will be used to screen for current (within 2 weeks) depression. Potential subjects who score >9 (or who score >0 on item #9 ("Thoughts that you would be better off dead, or of hurting yourself in some way") will be excluded from study participation, and, at the discretion of the study physician, referred to appropriate psychiatric treatment;
  • Bulimia or anorexia;
  • BMI of < 18.5 kg/m2;
  • Prior use of fenfluramine or dexfenfluramine
  • Use (within the past 30 days) of:

    • Illegal drugs (or if the urine drug screen is positive for tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), Cocaine, Amphetamine, Opiates, Methamphetamines, phencyclidine (PCP), Benzodiazepines, or Barbiturates), Unless recent use of prescription Opiates, Benzodiazepines for management of acute symptoms.
    • Experimental (investigational) drugs;
    • Psychiatric medications including antidepressants (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), St. John's Wort), lithium, anti-psychotics or any other medications that are known to affect smoking cessation (e.g. clonidine);
    • Phentermine, triptans, tryptophan, linezolid, dextromethorphan, opiates, tramadol, or dopamine agonists;
    • Any agents that have documented correlation with increased incidence of valvulopathy and/or pulmonary hypertension (e.g., cyproheptadine, trazodone, nefazodone, amoxapine, tricyclic antidepressants, mirtazapine, pergolide, ergotamine, methysergide) (or anticipated use during the study);
    • Smokeless tobacco (chewing tobacco, snuff), pipes or e-cigarettes;
    • Wellbutrin, bupropion, Zyban, Chantix, varenicline, nicotine patch, nicotine replacement therapy or any other smoking cessation aid.
  • Concurrent use of a serotonergic agent/combination associated with severe serotonin syndrome (within the past 30 days);
  • Use of cigar, cigarillos, pipe, Hookah, dissolvable nicotine, snuff, chewing tobacco more than once per month.
  • Use of e-cigarettes once per month or more.
  • Self-report of consuming 4 or more alcoholic drinks on 1 or more days per week;
  • Significant adverse reaction to lorcaserin or nicotine patch in the past.
  • Current participation or recent participation (in the past 30 days) in another smoking study at the investigators Center or another research facility.
  • Current participation in another research study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02906644

Layout table for location information
United States, North Carolina
Duke Center for Smoking Cessation
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27705
Sponsors and Collaborators
Duke University
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Jed E. Rose, Ph.D. Duke University
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Duke University:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Duke University Identifier: NCT02906644    
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00074741
P50DA027840-06 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: September 20, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 7, 2019
Last Update Posted: May 7, 2019
Last Verified: May 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by Duke University:
Nicotine addiction
Cigarette smoking
Smoking cessation
Nicotine patches
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Tobacco Use Disorder
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Ganglionic Stimulants
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Nicotinic Agonists
Cholinergic Agonists
Cholinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action