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Effects of Individual and Group Occupational Therapy on General Self-Efficacy, Psychological Well-Being, Personal Independence and Occupational Therapy in Older Adults

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02906306
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 20, 2016
Last Update Posted : January 31, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Abel Toledano-González, University of Malaga

Brief Summary:
The objective of this study is to determine whether individual and/or group occupational therapy leads to changes in generalized self-efficacy and psychological well-being, and to identify the type of therapy that has the best effects on older adults.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Individuality Self-Efficacy Well-being Behavioral: Individual Occupational Therapy Behavioral: Group Occupational Therapy

  Show Detailed Description

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 112 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: EFFECTS OF INDIVIDUAL AND GROUP OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY ON GENERAL SELF-EFFICACY AND PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING IN OLDER ADULTS
Study Start Date : September 2014
Primary Completion Date : January 2015
Study Completion Date : November 2015

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Individual Occupational therapy
In Individual Occupational Therapy treatment the activities included personal independence training (ADLs), sensory-motor stimulation activities, cognitive stimulation (attention, memory, language and executive function) and animal-assisted therapy (AAT).
Behavioral: Individual Occupational Therapy
45 minutes 3 times per week 6 months in nursing homes (A and B)
Experimental: Group Occupational therapy
In group Occupational Therapy treatment the activities included personal independence training (ADLs), sensory-motor stimulation activities, cognitive stimulation (attention, memory, language and executive function) and animal-assisted therapy (AAT) and psychosocial skills training.
Behavioral: Group Occupational Therapy
45 minutes 3 times per week 6 months in nursing homes (A and B)



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Ryff Questionnaire [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The scale of psychological well-being Ryff is formed by the complete version of 39 items with Likert responses it 1-6. The main objective this scale is to measure the degree of psychological well-being of personaa through 6 dimensions: purpose in life, self-acceptance, positive relationships, autonomy, environmental mastery and personal growth

  2. General Self-efficacy [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The scale of generalized self-efficacy is a self informed through 10 items with 1-4 Likert scale responses. The main objective is to measure the degree of generalized self-efficacy of the person across 10 assertions with 4 possible answers above, in which the option that best reflects what the person thinks is marked

  3. Barthel Index [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Barthel index measured through 10 items the level of dependence of the person performing the activities of daily life can vary between 0 (completely dependent) to 100 (completely independent)

  4. Minimental MMSS [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The MMSE is composed of 13 items to assess with scores (0,1,2,3,4,5) according answer. the main objective is to briefly assess the mental state and allow observe the degree of progression of cognitive status through the following areas: orientation, fixation, concentration and calculation, memory, language and construction.

  5. Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) [ Time Frame: 6 MONTHS ]
    Geriatric Depression Scale consists of 15 items (10 negative and 5 positive) through answers (yes / no) whose content focuses on cognitive behavioral aspects related to special characteristics of the population. The main objective is to facilitate the assessment of depression in the geriatric population.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   78 Years to 95 Years   (Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Be able to read
  • Have normal cognitive function scoring >22 on Mini Mental Scale Examination
  • Sign informant consent
  • Apply the recommendations

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Advanced cognitive impairment
  • Fear of animals
  • Miss three time
  • Visual impairment
  • Multiple disorders
  • Hearing impairment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02906306


Locations
Spain
Malaga
Malaga, Spain
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Malaga

Responsible Party: Abel Toledano-González, Occupational Therapy, University of Malaga
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02906306     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 01/2012
First Posted: September 20, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 31, 2017
Last Verified: January 2017

Keywords provided by Abel Toledano-González, University of Malaga:
Older adults
Occupational Therapy
Self-Efficacy
Psychological Well-being