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The Efficacy of a Functional Meta-Cognitive Intervention to Improve Human Factors of Professional Drivers

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02903147
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 16, 2016
Last Update Posted : September 16, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Navah Ratzon, Tel Aviv University

Brief Summary:
The objective of the study is to examine the effectiveness of a functional-meta-cognitive intervention program to reduce driving risk factors amongst professional bus drivers.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Human Risk Factors Driving Behavior Meta-cognition Behavioral: Functional Meta-Cognitive Intervention Behavioral: The employer's training Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

In Israel, the percentage of professional drivers involved in lethal car accidents is high in relation to their number on the roads. Every car accident involving a bus driver could potentially put at risk the lives of tens of passengers, and cause damages both direct and indirect at high costs. Due to the high risk of the bus drivers and their passengers, it is highly important to identify and improve the driving characteristics which are necessary for safer driving of said drivers. Many studies have assessed and identified the risk factors of safe driving, but there is relatively little research-based evidence concerning the ability to improve the driving skills of drivers in general and in particular of bus drivers, which are considered a high risk group.

According to the National Road Safety Authority, 88% of road accidents are caused by driver errors. Therefore, the real challenge is to provide a better understanding in the role of human factors in causing road accidents to try and develop a variety of effective interventions to reduce these risk factors. This understanding can contribute both to a better assessment of professional drivers' driving fitness and to intervene accordingly. In this study, we have focused on main aspects that exist in relevant literature and are human risk factors: Cognitive-perceptual, ergonomic and personality risk factors, and checked the connection between these risk factors and actual monitored driving scores as recorder by an In-Vehicle Data Recorder (IVDR). In addition, we examined the effectiveness of a functional-meta-cognitive intervention program designed to increase drivers' awareness to their way of driving. The research model is based on previous driving models and the guiding occupational therapy practice framework model in Israel, while adjusting the model to the professional driving in public transportation line of work and its particular risk factors.

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Study Type : Interventional
Actual Enrollment : 77 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: The Efficacy of a Functional Meta-Cognitive Intervention to Improve Human Factors of Professional Drivers
Study Start Date : June 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2015

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Functional Meta-Cognitive Intervention
The intervention is aimed to improve human factors of professional bus drivers
Behavioral: Functional Meta-Cognitive Intervention
Functional-Meta-Cognitive Intervention Program was focused on raising awareness to safe driving risk factors identified at pre-screening, with reference to the difficulties that the driver raises and providing coping strategies. The intervention has been customized for each driver and included three sessions of two hours.

Active Comparator: Control group
The control group had the employer's training - The company holds routine covert inspections, summons to conversations with the security offices and records in the drivers' personal files.
Behavioral: The employer's training

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in In Vehicle Data Recorder (IVDR) risk score [ Time Frame: Change from baseline IVDR risk score at 1 year ]
    Assessing the degree of change in the rate of IVDR events before and after intervention.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in car accident rate [ Time Frame: Change from ratings of questionnaire pre intervention to ratings at an average of 1 year post intervention. ]
    Assessing the change in the rate of accidents per year before and after the intervention in the intervention group.

  2. Change in subjective ratings of driving performance questionnaire. [ Time Frame: Change from ratings of questionnaire at baseline pre intervention to reratings at an average of 1 year post intervention.. ]
    Assessing the change in the subjective ratings of the level of performance and of satisfaction with performance before and after the intervention in the intervention group.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male gender.
  • Having a valid bus driver's license.
  • Working for a specific large bus company in the center of Israel.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Drivers who had less than 50 hours of IVDR data were excluded.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02903147

Sponsors and Collaborators
Tel Aviv University
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Principal Investigator: Navah Ratzon, Prof. Tel Aviv University

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Responsible Party: Navah Ratzon, Professor, Occupational Therapist, Tel Aviv University Identifier: NCT02903147     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Rachel Shichrur
Navah Ratzon ( Other Identifier: Pricipal Investigator, Prof )
First Posted: September 16, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 16, 2016
Last Verified: September 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Keywords provided by Navah Ratzon, Tel Aviv University:
IVDR; driving behavior patterns; Meta-Cognitive Intervention