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Children With ADHD and ADHD-like Symptoms and Target Shooting Sport in Danish Shooting Associations.

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02898532
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified September 2016 by Annegrete Maansson, University of Southern Denmark.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : September 13, 2016
Last Update Posted : September 15, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Annegrete Maansson, University of Southern Denmark

Brief Summary:

Practising target shooting sport requires focused attention and motoric steadiness. Parental reports suggest that children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) benefit from participating in target shooting sport in Danish Shooting Associations.

Aim: This study aims at examining if and to which extent target shooting sport in children with attention difficulties reduces parent- and teacher-reported severity of inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, and improves the children's well-being and quality of life.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
ADHD Behavioral: Educational programmes Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (DSM-5) are characterised by three core symptoms: inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. Approximately 2-3 % of Danish school children are diagnosed with ADHD (Madsen, Ersbøll, Olsen, Parner, & Obel, 2015), and the prevalence in Denmark is about 5 % (Dalsgaard, Nielsen, & Simonsen, 2013). Many children with ADHD experience difficulties in managing social relations, e.g. team sports, and are often excluded from leisure activities with other children. This can have an impact on their well-being and quality of life which to a high degree depend on whether they have friends and communities with peers (Riley et al., 2006). Almost 50 % of children with ADHD experience the core symptoms in adulthood, and many develop psychological and social problems (Dalsgaard, Mortensen, Frydenberg, & Thomsen, 2013) and are at risk of premature death (Dalsgaard, Ostergaard, Leckman, Mortensen, & Pedersen, 2015). The NICE guideline (National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health, 2009) recommends a combination of pharmacological and psychosocial treatment (multimodal treatment approach) for children aged 6-18 years, to remedy other symptoms than ADHD core symptoms. A growing focus on the benefits of sports activities, yoga and mindfulness suggests that physical activity may have a positive impact on children and young people with ADHD (Cerrillo-Urbina et al., 2015; Kang, Choi, Kang, & Han, 2011; Haydicky, Wiener, Badali, Milligan , & Ducharme, 2012; van der Oord, Bogels, & Peijnenburg, 2012; van de Weijer-Bergsma, Formsma, de Bruin, & Bogels, 2012).

The sport of Target shooting can be regarded as a type of mental training in which the athlete uses techniques breathing to calm down, focus and improve attention. Mind and body must be in complete balance and the techniques used are similar to those used in meditation (Jeppesen & Pensgaard, 2006). Furthermore, regulations apply to the Danish Shooting Associations, in combination with the way the target shooting sport is practiced in Denmark is associated with fixed physical boundaries, clear rules and a distinct structure for the activity. Furthermore, it is a sport where the adult instructor always is very close to the child, and it is custom for the instructor gives instructions in a calm, structured and concise manner. Thus, target-shooting sport has implicitly features elements that can be considered protective environmental factors for the inattentive child and thus may contribute to reduce ADHD-symptoms and strengthen the child's well-being and quality of life. In 2012, the Danish Gymnastics and Sporting Organization (DGI) initiated a sports project, where children with ADHD or similar symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity practiced target-shooting sport in Danish Shooting Association. The evaluation showed, that the children became more concentrated and focussed during the training (Maansson, 2015). Based on this experience, this study has been initiated. However no studies have investigated the effect of target shooting sports for children with difficulties with inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity.

The main aim of this study is therefore to investigate the influence of participation in target shooting sports in Danish Shooting Association for children having difficulties with inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 98 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: The Influence of Participating in Target Shooting Sport on Inattentive, Hyperactive and Impulsive Symptoms in Children - A Controlled Study of Best Practice.
Study Start Date : January 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Intervention group
The intervention is organised in collaboration between the local school, the Danish Shooting Association, and the national DGI (The Danish Gymnastics and Sporting Organization). The intervention is available geographical nationwide. The children will practise target-shooting sport in local Shooting Association once a week during school hours for a period of 6 months. Selected schools are either special schools or municipal schools with special educational programmes for children diagnosed with either ADHD or severe difficulties of hyperactivity, inattention and impulsivity. Teachers accompany the children to the Shooting Association where the instructors meet them.
Behavioral: Educational programmes
Children with ADHD or ADHD-like symptoms practicing target shooting sport in Danish Shooting Associations, during schooltime, for 6 months.

No Intervention: Control group
The same target group as children in the intervention group. In the control group children are not practicing target shooting sport, neither in school or free time.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Teacher-rated ADHD-RS-IV. [ Time Frame: Pre- and post (6 months after commencement) intervention ]
    The total score on the relevant 18 items on symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity on the teacher-rated ADHD-RS-IV.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Qb-test. [ Time Frame: Pre- and post (6 months after commencement) intervention ]
    Hyperactivity (distance and area) and inattention (reaction time variance and omission errors) as measured by the Qb-test.

  2. Parent-rated ADHD-RS-IV. [ Time Frame: Pre- and post (6 months after commencement) intervention ]
    The total score on the relevant 18 items on symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity on the parent-rated ADHD-RS-IV.

  3. Teacher- and parent-rated SDQ. [ Time Frame: Pre- and post (6 months after commencement) intervention ]
    The total scores on the teacher- and parent-rated SDQ.

  4. Child-rated Kidscreen-27 [ Time Frame: Pre- and post (6 months after commencement) intervention ]
    Quality of life as measured by the total score on the child-rated Kidscreen-27.

  5. Interviews [ Time Frame: Prior to intervention (1 month) start, during intervention period (6 months) and after end of intervention (1-3 months). A total period of 8-10 months. ]
    Semistructured qualitative Interviews with parents, teachers and children. Focus on children's participation and engagement and mechanisms of change.

  6. Observations [ Time Frame: Prior to intervention (1 month) start, during intervention period (6 months) and after end of intervention (1-3 months). A total period of 8-10 months. ]
    Observations of children (interventions group) in classroom and in the Shooting Association. Focus on participation and engagement.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years to 14 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Children following criteria: Age 10-14 years, either ADHD diagnosis or selected by school staff or school psychologist to show distinct difficulties with inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity, which affects the child's school attendance. If the child receives pharmacological treatment for ADHD and the treatment is expected to be stable during the intervention period.

Exclusion Criteria:

Children showing a physical visual handicap or severe symptoms of current mental health difficulties such as psychosis or suicidal ideations or impulses are not included.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02898532


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Annegrete Månsson, Ph.D.fellow +45 6550 2057 amaansson@health.sdu.dk
Contact: Mette Elmose, MSc, Ph.D., +45 6550 4625 melandersen@health.sdu.dk

Locations
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Denmark
Odense kommune Recruiting
Odense, Region Syddanmark, Denmark, 5000
Contact: Annegrete Maansson, Ph.d. fellow    +45 23 69 53 38    amaansson@health.sdu.dk   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Southern Denmark
Investigators
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Study Director: Kirsten Kaya Roessler, Ph.D., Prof. Department of Psychology.
Principal Investigator: Annegrete Maansson, Ph.D fellow Department of Psychology.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Annegrete Maansson, PhD-student, University of Southern Denmark
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02898532    
Other Study ID Numbers: SDU-SUN-VEK20130134
First Posted: September 13, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 15, 2016
Last Verified: September 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Keywords provided by Annegrete Maansson, University of Southern Denmark:
Children, ADHD, target shooting sport