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Lenalidomide, Ixazomib, and Rituximab as Front-Line Therapy for High Risk Indolent B-Cell Lymphoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02898259
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 13, 2016
Last Update Posted : May 18, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
The Cleveland Clinic
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
A Phase IB/II Trial of Lenalidomide (Revlimid®), Ixazomib and Rituximab (RIXAR) as Front-line Therapy for High Risk Indolent B cell Lymphoma

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
B Cell Lymphoma Lymphoma Drug: Ixazomib Drug: Lenalidomide Drug: Rituximab Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Primary:

To determine the maximum tolerated dose and toxicity of the combination of oral ixazomib and lenalidomide plus rituximab in patients with previously untreated low-grade B cell lymphoma having high tumor burden by GELF criteria or FLIPI 3-5

Secondary:

  • To determine overall response rate in an expanded cohort at the MTD for follicular lymphoma and for non-follicular low-grade B cell lymphoma
  • Duration of response, time to progression, progression free survival, time to treatment failure and overall survival
  • Create tissue microarray from paraffin embedded tissue for future studies.
  • Assessment of baseline lymphocyte subsets as prognostic markers.

Overview of Study Design:

This study combines three classes of agents that have non-overlapping mechanisms of action and toxicity profiles, with each pair having demonstrated clinical evidence of benefit without unexpected toxicity. We use the lenalidomide-rituximab backbone, feasible and active in lymphoma, and add a novel oral proteasome inhibitor to potentially enhance efficacy, minimize toxicity and limit patient visits for treatment.

Patients with previously untreated low-grade B cell lymphoma having high tumor burden by GELF criteria or FLIPI 3-5 will be treated with the combination of oral ixazomib + lenalidomide + rituximab.

The primary objective is to determine the maximum tolerated dose and toxicity of this regimen. The study will use a standard 3 + 3 design for determination of MTD during cycle 1. There will be three dose levels for escalation, followed by two expansion cohorts of 12 patients each at the MTD, one cohort with follicular lymphoma and one cohort with non-follicular low-grade lymphoma (SLL, marginal zone, lymphoplasmacytic).


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 42 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase IB/II Trial of Lenalidomide (Revlimid®), Ixazomib and Rituximab (RIXAR) as Front-line Therapy for High Risk Indolent B Cell Lymphoma
Actual Study Start Date : February 20, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Lenalidomide + Ixazomib + Rituximab
Ixazomib will be orally administered with a starting dose of 2.0mg. Lenalidomide will be administered orally with a starting dose of 20mg. Rituximab will be administered intravenously at the standard dose of 375mg/m2. The study will use a standard 3 + 3 design for determination of MTD during cycle 1. There will be three dose levels for escalation, followed by two expansion cohorts of 12 patients each at the MTD, one cohort with follicular lymphoma and one cohort with non-follicular low-grade lymphoma (SLL, marginal zone, lymphoplasmacytic). Patients will be treated for 12 cycles of 4 week duration.
Drug: Ixazomib
The prescribed administration of ixazomib doses in this study is 2.0, 3.0 or 4.0 mg ixazomib on days 1, 8 and 15 of each 28 day cycle.

Drug: Lenalidomide

Lenalidomide starting dose will be based on baseline calculated creatinine clearance as follows:

  • Starting lenalidomide Dose (20mg)
  • Calculated Creatinine Clearance: >=60ml/min receive 20 mg daily on Days 1 - 21 of each 28-day cycle
  • Calculated Creatinine Clearance: >= 30 and < 60 ml/min receive 10 mg daily on Days 1 - 21 of each 28-day cycle
Other Name: Revlimid

Drug: Rituximab
Rituximab is administered intravenously at 375mg/m2 on days 1, 8, and 15 of cycle 1, day 1 of cycles 2-6 and day 1 of cycles 8, 10, and 12.
Other Name: Rituxan




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. maximum tolerated dose of oral ixazomib [ Time Frame: Up to 15 months after beginning treatment ]
    To determine the maximum tolerated dose and toxicity of the combination of oral ixazomib and lenalidomide plus rituximab in patients with previously untreated low-grade B cell lymphoma having high tumor burden by GELF criteria or FLIPI 3-5


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 15 months after beginning treatment ]
    These criteria are based on the Revised Response Criteria for Malignant Lymphoma and include the following categories: Complete Response (CR), Partial Response (PR), Stable Disease (SD), Relapse and Progression (PD).

  2. Duration of response [ Time Frame: Up to 15 months after beginning treatment ]

    Duration of overall response: The duration of overall response is measured from the time measurement criteria are met for CR or PR (whichever is first recorded) until the first date that recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented (taking as reference for progressive disease the smallest measurements recorded since the treatment started).

    The duration of overall CR is measured from the time measurement criteria are first met for CR until the first date that progressive disease is objectively documented.


  3. Time to progression [ Time Frame: Up to 15 months after beginning treatment ]
    Duration of time from start of treatment to time of progression.

  4. Progression free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 15 months after beginning treatment ]
    progression free survival (PFS) is defined as the duration of time from start of treatment to time of progression or death, whichever occurs first.

  5. Time to treatment failure [ Time Frame: Up to 15 months after beginning treatment ]
    Time to treatment failure (event-free survival) is defined as the time from study entry to first event of disease progression, discontinuation of treatment for any reason, initiation of new treatment, or death.

  6. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 15 months after beginning treatment ]
    Overall survival is defined as the date of study entry to the date of death.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically confirmed, low-grade B-lymphocyte Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) by the World Health Organization Classification:

    • Follicular lymphoma grades 1, 2, and 3a
    • Marginal zone B-cell lymphoma, including extranodal (MALT), nodal and splenic. Excluding: Small lymphocytic lymphoma Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma/Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM)
    • Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (including Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM))
  • Must have stage 2, 3 or 4 disease, with either high tumor burden by Groupe d'Etude des Lymphomes Folliculaires (GELF) criteria and/or Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (FLIPI) 3-5

    • To meet GELF criteria, patient must have at least one criterion:

      • Nodal or extranodal mass > 7 cm
      • At least 3 nodal masses: each > 3.0 cm in longest dimension
      • Systemic symptoms due to lymphoma or B symptoms
      • Splenomegaly with spleen > 16 cm by Computed Tomography (CT) scan
      • Evidence of compression syndrome (e.g., ureteral, orbital, gastrointestinal) or pleural or peritoneal serous effusion due to lymphoma (irrespective of cell content)
      • Leukemic presentation (> 5.0 x 10^9/L malignant circulating follicular or lymphoma cells)
      • Cytopenias (absolute neutrophil count < 1.0 X 10^9/L, hemoglobin < 10 gm/dL, and/or platelets <100 x 10^9/L).
    • AND/OR To meet FLIPI criteria, patient must have at least 3 out of the following 5 criteria:

      • Age > 60 years
      • Ann Arbor stage III-IV
      • Hemoglobin level < 12 mg/dL
      • ≥ 5 nodal areas
      • Serum Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) level above normal
  • Must have previously untreated lymphoma. A short (< 2 week) course of steroids for symptom palliation is permitted. Prior involved field radiotherapy for symptom palliation is permitted as long as there is measurable disease outside the radiation port. If radiotherapy has been given, there should be at least 7 days between last treatment and beginning of protocol therapy.
  • Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0, 1, or 2.
  • Patients must have adequate hematologic, hepatic, and renal function as defined below:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,000/mcL
    • Platelet count ≥ 75,000/mcL
    • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x the upper limit of the normal range (ULN)
    • Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) (SGOT) ≤ 3 x institutional upper limit of normal
    • Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) (SGPT) ≤ 3 x institutional upper limit of normal
    • Calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min/1.73 m^2
  • Participants must agree to ongoing anticoagulation as prophylaxis against deep vein thrombosis (DVT) using aspirin (81 or 325 mg) daily, warfarin or low molecular weight heparin, or a patient already taking another oral anticoagulant (e.g. direct thrombin inhibitors for atrial fibrillation) may continue that agent.
  • All study participants must be willing to register with the mandatory RevAssist program and be willing to comply with its requirements.
  • All study participants must be registered into the mandatory Revlimid REMS® program, and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of the REMS® program.
  • A woman of childbearing potential must agree to practice:

    • 2 effective methods of contraception, at the same time, from the time of signing the informed consent form through 90 days after the last dose of study drug, OR
    • True abstinence when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject.
    • A woman of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/mL within 10-14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of starting therapy with Revlimid®. Females of reproductive potential must adhere to the scheduled pregnancy testing as required in the Revlimid REMS® program.
  • Male patients, even if surgically sterilized (i.e., status post-vasectomy), must agree to one of the following:

    • Agree to practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study treatment period and through 90 days after the last dose of study drug, OR
    • Agree to practice true abstinence when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject.
  • Subjects must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document and HIPAA consent document. Voluntary written consent must be given before performance of any study related procedure not part of standard medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the patient at any time without prejudice to future medical care.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents.
  • Female patients who are lactating or have a positive serum pregnancy test during the screening period.
  • Major surgery within 14 days before enrollment.
  • Radiotherapy within 14 days before enrollment. If the involved field is small (single nodal area), 7 days will be considered a sufficient interval between treatment and beginning of protocol therapy.
  • Known central nervous system involvement.
  • Infection requiring systemic antibiotic therapy or other serious infection within 14 days before study enrollment.
  • Evidence of current uncontrolled cardiovascular conditions, including uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina, or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months.
  • Systemic treatment, within 14 days before the beginning of protocol therapy, with CYP3A inducers (rifampin, rifapentine, rifabutin, carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital), or use of St. John's wort.
  • Known allergy to any of the study medications, their analogues, or excipients in the various formulations of any agent. Specifically, prior desquamating rash or erythema nodosum during prior thalidomide or other similar agents.
  • Known gastrointestinal (GI) disease or GI procedure that could interfere with the oral absorption or tolerance of ixazomib or lenalidomide including difficulty swallowing.
  • Diagnosed or treated for another malignancy within 2 years before study enrollment or previously diagnosed with another malignancy and have any evidence of residual disease. Patients with non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of any type are not excluded if they have undergone complete resection.
  • Patient has ≥ Grade 2 peripheral neuropathy on clinical examination during the screening period.
  • Participation in other clinical trials, including those with other investigational agents not included in this trial, within 30 days of the start of this trial and throughout the duration of this trial.
  • Any prior use of Revlimid® or Velcade®.
  • Known seropositivity for, or active viral infection with, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) (unless due to vaccination), or Hepatitis C Virus (HCV). HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with lenalidomide and ixazomib. In addition, these patients are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow suppressive therapy. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women are excluded from this study because lenalidomide has known teratogenic effects. Because there is an unknown, but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with lenalidomide, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with lenalidomide. These potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02898259


Contacts
Contact: Brian Hill, MD, PhD 216-445-9451 Hillb2@ccf.org

Locations
United States, Ohio
University Hospitals, Seidman Cancer Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center Recruiting
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
Contact: Paolo Caimi, MD    800-641-2422    Paolo.Caimi@uhhospitals.org   
Principal Investigator: Paolo Caimi, MD         
Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center Recruiting
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
Contact: Brian Hill, MD, PhD    216-444-9451    Hillb2@ccf.org   
Principal Investigator: Brian Hill, MD, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
The Cleveland Clinic
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Brian Hill, MD, PhD Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer institute, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center

Responsible Party: Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02898259     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CASE1414
First Posted: September 13, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 18, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Case Comprehensive Cancer Center:
Lenalidomide
Ixazomib
Rituximab

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Lenalidomide
Ixazomib
Rituximab
Thalidomide
Glycine
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Leprostatic Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Glycine Agents