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Dasatinib Holiday for Improved Tolerability (DasaHIT)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02890784
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 7, 2016
Last Update Posted : April 4, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Prof. Dr. med. Andreas Hochhaus, University of Jena

Brief Summary:
Treatment optimization for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with treatment naïve disease (1st line) and patients with resistance or intolerance against alternative Abl-Kinase Inhibitors (≥2nd line) (DasaHIT Trial (Dasatinib Holiday for Improved Tolerability))

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Myeloid Leukemia, Chronic Drug: dasatinib (SPRYCEL®) Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Dasatinib is indicated in Europe for:

  • Treatment of adult patients with newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome positive (Ph+) chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in the chronic phase
  • Chronic, accelerated or blast phase CML with resistance or intolerance to prior therapy including imatinib
  • Ph+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and lymphoid blast CML with resistance or intolerance to prior therapy Compared to imatinib, dasatinib in CML achieves faster and better responses. Dasatinib is known for its selected toxicities (fluid retention, edema, pleural effusion, and hematological toxicity) requiring dose reductions or treatment interruptions; these toxicities are more frequent in the first two years of treatment. A randomized dose optimization trial for QD dosing vs. BID dosing has demonstrated non-inferiority with regards to efficacy with an improved toxicity profile. In a pilot study, analyzing patients with dasatinib toxicity, a fixed dasatinib weekend holiday allowed safe toxicity management without impairing efficacy. Furthermore the alternated schedule was also able to improve response parameters in patients that had never achieved an acceptable response prior to the onset of dasatinib holiday dosing schedule. The biological rationale for a holiday dosing schedule is that dasatinib has shown an improved cell death of CML cells even after short exposure times; this improved cell death exceeds the killing rate observed with imatinib in vitro. In summary, the reported preclinical and clinical evidence indicates that efficacy seems to require adequate dasatinib Cmax, while low Cmin (five half-lives between doses) does not impair efficacy nor induces drug resistance. It is speculated that a weekend holiday, allowing a better tolerability, would improve patients' drug adherence. The Investigators hypothesize that a dasatinib holiday schedule (5x100mg+2x0mg weekly) compared to a regular dose (7x100mg weekly) will reduce the rate of clinically significant toxicity (e.g., fluid retention, hematological toxicity, musculoskeletal pain) by 20% observed within the first two years of treatment. The Investigators also hypothesize that the dasatinib holiday schedule is non-inferior to dasatinib regular dose in achieving the European LeukemiaNet (ELN) recommended levels of response within the first 24 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 306 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Treatment Optimization for Patients With Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) With Treatment naïve Disease (1st Line) and Patients With Resistance or Intolerance Against Alternative Abl-Kinase Inhibitors (≥2nd Line)
Study Start Date : August 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2021


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: A. Standard arm
100mg dasatinib (SPRYCEL®) daily dose (QD) (7x100) (Standard therapy)
Drug: dasatinib (SPRYCEL®)
Treatment optimization for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)

Experimental: B. Study arm
100mg dasatinib (SPRYCEL®) (QD) weekdays (1-5) only (5x100+2x0) (overall dose reduction per week)
Drug: dasatinib (SPRYCEL®)
Treatment optimization for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. cumulative toxicity score [ Time Frame: month 24 ]

    The cumulative toxicity score after two years of dasatinib treatment. More specifically, toxicity will be assessed taking into account both the rate of grade 2-4 toxicities and the cumulative severity of adverse events of specific interest. The following AEs of specific interest will be used to compose the cumulative toxicity score:

    1. Pleural effusion
    2. Fluid retention, other (edema, pericardial effusion, pulmonary arterial hypertension, congestive heart failure, pulmonary edema)
    3. Hematological toxicity (neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, anemia)
    4. Others (Musculoskeletal pain, skin toxicity (rash), gastrointestinal toxicity (nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting)

  2. Rate of molecular Response [ Time Frame: month 24 ]
    The co-primary endpoint of the study is: rate of major molecular response (MMR) as assessed by BCR-ABL (IS [International Score] in %) -monitoring by 24 months to safeguard non-inferiority of the test cohort.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Quality of life assessment [ Time Frame: month 24 ]
    Quality of life assessment via Patient-Questionnaire.

  2. Rate of molecular Response [ Time Frame: 6 and 12 months ]
    Rate of molecular response (MMR)as assessed by BCR-ABL (IS [International Score] in %) at 6 and 12 months.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female patients with diagnosis of CP-CML with cytogenetic confirmation of Ph+ chromosome [t(9;22)(q34;q11)].
  • Ph negative cases or patients with variant translocations who are BCR-ABL positive in multiplex PCR4 will be also considered eligible.
  • ECOG performance status ≤2.
  • Age ≥ 18 years old (no upper age limit is given)
  • Serum levels of potassium, magnesium and total calcium within the normal limits (≥LLN [lower limit of normal] and ≤ULN [upper limit of normal]). Correction of electrolytes' levels with supplements to meet enrolment criteria is allowed.
  • AST and ALT ≤2.5 x ULN or 5.0 x ULN if considered due to leukemia
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤2.5 x ULN unless considered due to leukemia
  • Total bilirubin ≤1.5 x ULN, except known Gilbert disease
  • Serum creatinine ≤2 x ULN
  • Written informed consent prior to any study procedures being performed.

For 1st-line patients:

• Pre-treatment with hydroxyurea up to 6 months and imatinib or dasatinib for duration of up to 4 weeks is permitted.

For ≥ 2nd-line patients:

• Patients with treatment failure according to the 2013 ELN Recommendations criteria3 or treatment intolerance as assessed by the investigator after prior treatment with TKIs other than dasatinib (imatinib, nilotinib, bosutinib, ponatinib).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous allogeneic stem cell transplantation (AlloSCT)
  • Known impaired cardiac function, including any of the following:

    • Congenital long QT syndrome
    • History of or presence of clinically significant ventricular or atrial tachyarrhythmia
    • QTc >450 msec on screening ECG
    • Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to starting therapy
  • Other clinical significant heart disease (e.g. unstable angina pectoris, congestive heart failure)
  • Acute or chronic viral hepatitis with moderate or severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh scores >6), even if controlled
  • Other concurrent uncontrolled medical conditions (e.g., active or uncontrolled infections, acute or chronic liver and renal disease) that could cause unacceptable safety risks or compromise compliance with the protocol
  • Impaired gastrointestinal function or disease that may alter the absorption of study drug (e.g., ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, small bowel resection or gastric by-pass surgery)
  • Concomitant medications known to be strong inducers or inhibitors of the CYP450 isoenzyme CYP3A4
  • Patients who have undergone major surgery ≤2 weeks prior to starting study drug or who have not recovered from side effects of such therapy
  • Patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding or women of reproductive potential not employing an effective method of birth control. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 14 days prior to administration of dasatinib. Post-menopausal women must be amenorrheic for at least 12 months in order to be considered of non-childbearing potential. Male and female patients must agree to employ an effective method of birth control throughout the study and for up to 3 months following discontinuation of study drug
  • Known diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (HIV testing is not mandatory)
  • Active autoimmune disorder, including autoimmune hepatitis
  • Known serious hypersensitivity reactions to dasatinib
  • Patients with a history of another primary malignancy that is currently clinically significant or currently requires active intervention
  • Patients unwilling or unable to comply with the protocol.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02890784


Contacts
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Contact: Christiane Clauss, M.Sc. +49 3641 939 6661 dasahit@med.uni-jena.de
Contact: Christian Fabisch, Dr. +49 3641 939 6670 dasahit@med.uni-jena.de

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Prof. Dr. med. Andreas Hochhaus
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Andreas Hochhaus, Prof. Jena University Hospital

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Responsible Party: Prof. Dr. med. Andreas Hochhaus, Director of the Clinic of Internal Medicine II, University of Jena
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02890784     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DasaHIT
First Posted: September 7, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 4, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Dasatinib
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action