Pembrolizumab and Doxorubicin Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Sarcoma That is Metastatic or Cannot Be Removed by Surgery
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02888665|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 5, 2016
Results First Posted : May 26, 2021
Last Update Posted : May 26, 2021
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Sarcoma||Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Biological: Pembrolizumab||Phase 1 Phase 2|
I. To assess the safety and tolerability of the combination of pembrolizumab and doxorubicin hydrochloride (doxorubicin) in patients with advanced soft tissue sarcoma (STS).
II. To assess the clinical response rate of advanced soft tissue sarcoma (STS) patients receiving the combination of pembrolizumab and doxorubicin.
I. To explore the clinical activity of pembrolizumab in subjects with advanced STS with respect to time to response.
II. To explore the clinical activity of pembrolizumab in subjects with advanced STS with respect to duration of response.
III. To explore the clinical activity of pembrolizumab in subjects with advanced STS with respect to progression-free survival (PFS).
IV. To explore the clinical activity of pembrolizumab in subjects with advanced STS with respect to overall survival.
I. To compare response rates between patients with high levels of PD-L1 expression with those who have PD-L1 absent.
OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study of doxorubicin hydrochloride followed by a phase II study.
Patients receive pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1 and doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 1-3 hours on day 1 of courses 2-7 only. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 35 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and then every 12 weeks.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||37 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Trial of Pembrolizumab in Combination With Doxorubicin as Treatment for Patients With Advanced Sarcomas|
|Actual Study Start Date :||December 5, 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||March 17, 2020|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||October 9, 2020|
Experimental: Treatment (pembrolizumab, doxorubicin hydrochloride)
Patients receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1 and doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 1-3 hours on day 1 of courses 2-7 only. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 35 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
- Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of Doxorubicin Hydrochloride Plus Pembrolizumab According to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 4.0 (Phase I) [ Time Frame: Up to 42 days (6 weeks) ]Defined as a dose limiting toxicity (DLT) in less than 2 of 6 subjects. Only Phase 1 subjects will be evaluated for MTD.
- Objective Response Rate (ORR) (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]Evaluated per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.1) for target lesions and assessed by CT. Complete Response (CR) is a complete elimination of the tumor; Partial Response (PR) is 30% reduction. If a subject experienced a PR, this was required to be confirmed with a second scan at the next appropriate cycle.
- Duration of Response [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]Duration of response is the mean time to progression for all subjects who responded.
- Median Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]The Kaplan-Meier method will be used to estimate median PFS.
- Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]The Kaplan-Meier method will be used to estimate median OS.
- Time to Response [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]Average time to response
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Be willing and able to provide written informed consent/assent for the trial
- Have measurable disease based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1
- Have metastatic or unresectable sarcoma
- Have a performance status of 0 to 1 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance scale
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mcL (within 10 days of treatment initiation)
- Platelets >= 100,000/mcL (within 10 days of treatment initiation)
- Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL (within 10 days of treatment initiation) or >= 5.6 mmol/L without transfusion or erythropoietin (EPO) dependency (within 7 days of assessment)
- Serum creatinine =< 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) OR measured or calculated creatinine clearance (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] can also be used in place of creatinine or creatinine clearance [CrCl]) >= 60 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional ULN (within 10 days of treatment initiation)
- Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 X ULN OR direct bilirubin =< ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN (within 10 days of treatment initiation)
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X ULN OR =< 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases (within 10 days of treatment initiation)
- Albumin >= 2.5 mg/dL (within 10 days of treatment initiation)
- International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants (within 10 days of treatment initiation)
- Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants (within 10 days of treatment initiation)
- Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication; if the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
- Female subjects of childbearing potential should be willing to use 2 methods of birth control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication; subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year
- Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy
- Ejection fraction > 45% by either multi-gated acquisition scan (MUGA) scan or echocardiogram
- Has prior treatment using an anthracycline
- Has one of the following sarcoma subtypes where combining anthracyclines with other chemotherapies is established as the standard of care: osteosarcoma, Ewings sarcoma, embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma, alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma
- Is currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment
- Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment
- Has a known history of active TB (bacillus tuberculosis)
- Hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab or any of its excipients
- Has had a prior anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) within 4 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
Has had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to a previously administered agent
- Note: Subjects with =< grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study
- Note: If subject received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy
- Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment; exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer
- Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis; subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks prior to the first dose of trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using steroids for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment; this exception does not include carcinomatous meningitis which is excluded regardless of clinical stability
- Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs); replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment
- Has known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis
- Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy
- Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator
- Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial
- Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment
- Has received prior therapy with an anti-programed death receptor 1 (PD-1), anti-PD-L1, anti-program death receptor ligand 2 (PD-L2) agent or anti-CTLA4
- Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies)
- Has known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected)
Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy
- Note: Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02888665
|United States, Washington|
|Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium|
|Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109|
|Principal Investigator:||Seth Pollack||Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium|
Documents provided by Seth Pollack, Northwestern University:
|Responsible Party:||Seth Pollack, Steven T. Rosen, MD, Professor of Cancer Biology, Northwestern University|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
NCI-2016-01286 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
9624 ( Other Identifier: Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium )
P30CA015704 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
RG9216017 ( Other Identifier: Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium )
|First Posted:||September 5, 2016 Key Record Dates|
|Results First Posted:||May 26, 2021|
|Last Update Posted:||May 26, 2021|
|Last Verified:||May 2021|
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