Food as Medicine: An RCT to Study the Effect of Home Delivered, Medically Tailored Meals on Patients With Metastatic Cancer
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02887235|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 2, 2016
Last Update Posted : July 24, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Quality of Life||Other: Home Delivered, Medically Tailored Meals (HDTM)||Not Applicable|
The current standard of care at the cancer center is for all patients receiving cytotoxic therapy to undergo a nutritional consultation and evaluation with a registered oncology dietitian. The goal of this consultation is to prevent nutritional deficiencies, promote optimal nutritional intake, hydration, and weight maintenance, as well as maintain lean body mass.
All patients on this study will receive standard of care nutritional services including nutrition consult, evaluation, and as needed follow-ups. However, patients randomized to arm 2 will receive home delivered, medically tailored meals in addition to the standard nutritional care.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||180 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Primary Purpose:||Supportive Care|
|Official Title:||Food as Medicine: A Phase III Randomized Controlled Trial of Home Delivered, Medically Tailored Meals (HDMTM) on Quality of Life in Metastatic Lung and Non-colorectal GI Cancer Patients|
|Actual Study Start Date :||March 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||January 2019|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||March 2019|
No Intervention: Standard of Care (SOC) Meals
Patient assigned in this arm will receive standard of care nutritional services including nutrition consult, evaluation, and as needed follow-ups.
Active Comparator: Medically tailored meals
Patient assigned in this arm will receive home delivered, medically tailored meals (HDMTM) in addition to the standard nutritional care.
Other: Home Delivered, Medically Tailored Meals (HDTM)
- Quality of life measurement [ Time Frame: At 12 weeks follow up ]
Quality of life will be assessed using the Functional Assessment in Cancer Therapy - General (FACT-G). Developed by Cella et al. the FACT-G is a well validated and widely used multi-dimensional health related quality of life measure for cancer patients. It consists of 28 self-assessment items on a 5 point Likert scale that address four domains:
physical well-being, social/family well-being, emotional well-being, and functional well-being. Scores are calculated for each sub-scale per FACT scoring instructions and summed for a total score ranging between 0 and 108 with higher scores indicating a higher quality of life.
- Change in mood assessment [ Time Frame: From baseline to 12 weeks ]The Hospital Anxiety Depression Survey will be utilized to assess patient mood on this study. It is a validated, 14 item self-assessment tool used to assess severity of anxiety and depression symptoms in patients. Two 7 item subscales assess anxiety and depression in the past one week. Item responses are integer values between 0-3 and values for each subscale are added to give a subscale score. Scores on each subscale can range from 0 to 21 and a score greater than 11 is considered consistent with anxiety or depression. Scores of 7 or less are considered normal and scores of 8 to 10 are borderline. A score of 8 or greater on the anxiety subscale has a sensitivity of 0.9 and specificity of 0.78 for anxiety. Similarly, a score of 8 or greater on the depression subscale has a sensitivity of 0.83 and specificity of 0.79 for depression.
- Patient weight assessment [ Time Frame: From baseline to 12 weeks ]Weight is measured at each physician visit per hospital policy. Weight at each interval will be recorded in the electronic medical record (EMR). Should the patient not have a scheduled visit with their primary oncologist or registered dietitian within the required visit window, any weight recorded in the EMR within the visit window can be used. The changes in weight from baseline to 12 weeks,will be measured using the Abridged Patient Generated Subjective Global Assessment (abPG-SGA) in the 2 arms.
- Nutritional status assessment [ Time Frame: From baseline to 12 weeks ]The change in nutritional status from baseline will be measured using the Abridged Patient Generated Subjective Global Assessment (abPG-SGA) in the 2 arms.
- Financial toxicity assessment [ Time Frame: From baseline to 12 weeks ]In 2014 a novel instrument to assess subjective financial toxicity, the Financial Toxicity Patient-Reported Outcome in Cancer measure (COST) was designed and recently validated. It is an 11 item assessment with 5 point Likert scale responses developed by de Souza et al reference to assess the levels of financial distress experienced by cancer patients. Each item response is scored 0-4 and then all individual item scores are summed. For incomplete surveys, the sum score is multiplied by 11 and then divided by the number of items answered. Total scores can range from 0-44 with higher scores representing higher subjective patient financial toxicity.
- Food security assessment plus HDMTM from baseline to 12 weeks [ Time Frame: From baseline to 12 weeks ]U.S. Adult Food Security Survey module to assess food security.It is a 10 item questionnaire developed by the US Department of Agriculture to specifically assess food insecurity in adults. Affirmative responses to each item are given one point. Total raw scores are calculated by adding all points (affirmative responses) and can range from 0-10. A raw score of zero is considered high food security. A raw score 1-2 is considered marginal food security. A raw score 3-5 is considered low food security and raw scores 6-10 are very low food security.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02887235
|United States, New York|
|NYU Perlmutter Cancer Center||Recruiting|
|New York, New York, United States, 10016|
|Contact: Peter Schiff, MD, PhD Peter.Schiff@nyumc.org|
|Principal Investigator:||Peter Schiff, MD, PhD||NYU Perlmutter Cancer Center|
|Principal Investigator:||Omar Ishaq, MD||NYU Perlmutter Cancer Center|