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Study Of Ruxolitinib (INCB018424) With Preoperative Chemotherapy For Triple Negative Inflammatory Breast Cancer

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified June 2017 by Beth Overmoyer, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02876302
First Posted: August 23, 2016
Last Update Posted: August 28, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
Incyte Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Beth Overmoyer, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
  Purpose

This research study is studying Ruxolitinib as possible treatment for Inflammatory Breast Cancer (IBC).

The Following drugs will be use in combination with Ruxolinitinib.

  • Paclitaxel (also called Taxol)
  • Doxorubicin also called Adriamycin
  • Cyclophosphamide, also called Cytoxan

Condition Intervention Phase
Inflammatory Breast Cancer (IBC) Drug: Ruxolitinib Drug: Paclitaxel Drug: Doxorubicin Drug: Cyclophosphamide Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study Of Combination Ruxolitinib (INCB018424) With Preoperative Chemotherapy For Triple Negative Inflammatory Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Beth Overmoyer, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Assess JAK Inhibition With Ruxolitinib On pStat3+ Expression [ Time Frame: 7 days ]
    Comparison of JAK expression in pretreatment biopsy specimens to post-Ruxolitinib run-in (after 7 days of Ruxolitinib alone or with one dose of weekly paclitaxel) biopsy specimens.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Determine Pathologic Complete Response rate (pCR) after preoperative therapy [ Time Frame: 28 weeks ]
    pCR defined as absence of invasive carcinoma within the breast and axillary lymph nodes following preoperative therapy.

  • Correlate effects on pSTAT3+ and STAT3 gene expression with pCR [ Time Frame: 28 weeks ]
    assess pSTAT level and gene expression on pre-treatment tumor biopsy specimens and correlate expression with pCR

  • Assess changes in pSTAT3 level and STAT3 gene expression following treatment [ Time Frame: 28 weeks ]
    assess pSTAT level and gene expression on pre-treatment tumor biopsy

  • Asses difference in pCR rate following preoperative treatment [ Time Frame: 28 weeks ]
    pCR defined as absence of invasive carcinoma within the breast and axillary lymph nodes following preoperative therapy.

  • Determine efficacy defined as Disease-Free Survival (DFS) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Defined as time of surgery until occurrence of recurrence, contralateral cancer, death attributable to any cause, second primary cancer other than breast.

  • Determine efficacy defined as Time to Treatment Failure (TTF) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Defined as time of treatment initiation until occurrence of recurrence, contralateral cancer, death attributable to any cause, second primary cancer other than breast or occurrence of progressive disease during preoperative therapy or treatment of disease that is not surgically resectable.

  • Determine efficacy defined as Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Defined as time from surgery until death from any cause or from treatment initiation until death from any cause

  • Assess Residual Cancer Burden (RCB) differences after preoperative therapy [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Difference between combination ruxolitinib with paclitaxel or paclitaxel alone followed by doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide; RCB defined by Symmans et al

  • Describe changes in IL-6 plasma levels during treatment [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    IL-6 levels will be recorded in the case report forms.

  • Describe changes in CRP plasma levels during treatment [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    CRP levels will be recorded in the case report forms.

  • Assess distribution of CD44+/CD24- stem cell population in tumor pre- and post-exposure to ruxolotinib [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Performed on breast biopsies and residual disease in mastectomy specimens


Estimated Enrollment: 64
Actual Study Start Date: April 26, 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date: February 2024
Estimated Primary Completion Date: February 2020 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Paclitaxel (12weeks)

Paclitaxel is administered weekly followed by standard Doxorubicin and Dyclophosphamide (AC) given every 2 weeks for 4 cycles preoperatively

  • 16 patients will be randomized from the Run-In 7 days of Ruxolitinib
  • The drug will be administered at a pre-determine dosage
Drug: Ruxolitinib
15 or 20 mg, twice daily by mouth. The run-in part of ruxolitinib lasts 7 days; The treatment of ruxolitinib part lasts 12 weeks.
Other Name: Jakafi
Drug: Paclitaxel
80 mg/m2, IV (in the vein) weekly for 12 weeks.
Other Name: Taxol
Drug: Doxorubicin
60 mg/m2, IV (in the vein) every 14 days for 4 doses.
Other Name: Adriamycin
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
600 mg/m2, IV (in the vein) every 14 days for 4 doses.
Other Name: Cytoxan
Experimental: Ruxolitinib with Paclitaxel (12weeks)

Paclitaxel is administered with daily Ruxolitinib, followed by standard Doxorubicin and Cyclophosphamide (AC) given every 2 weeks for 4 cycles preoperatively

  • 16 patients will be randomized from the Run-In 7 days of Ruxolitinib
  • The drug will be administered at a pre-determine dosage
Drug: Ruxolitinib
15 or 20 mg, twice daily by mouth. The run-in part of ruxolitinib lasts 7 days; The treatment of ruxolitinib part lasts 12 weeks.
Other Name: Jakafi
Drug: Paclitaxel
80 mg/m2, IV (in the vein) weekly for 12 weeks.
Other Name: Taxol
Drug: Doxorubicin
60 mg/m2, IV (in the vein) every 14 days for 4 doses.
Other Name: Adriamycin
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
600 mg/m2, IV (in the vein) every 14 days for 4 doses.
Other Name: Cytoxan
Experimental: Ruxolitinib and Paclitaxel (12weeks)

Paclitaxel is administered with daily Ruxolitinib, followed by standard Doxorubicin and Cyclophosphamide (AC) given every 2 weeks for 4 cycles preoperatively

  • 32 patients will be randomized from the Run-In 7 days of Ruxolitinib + Paclitaxel
  • The drug will be administered at a pre-determine dosage
Drug: Ruxolitinib
15 or 20 mg, twice daily by mouth. The run-in part of ruxolitinib lasts 7 days; The treatment of ruxolitinib part lasts 12 weeks.
Other Name: Jakafi
Drug: Paclitaxel
80 mg/m2, IV (in the vein) weekly for 12 weeks.
Other Name: Taxol
Drug: Doxorubicin
60 mg/m2, IV (in the vein) every 14 days for 4 doses.
Other Name: Adriamycin
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
600 mg/m2, IV (in the vein) every 14 days for 4 doses.
Other Name: Cytoxan

Detailed Description:

This is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety and effectiveness of an investigational intervention to learn whether the intervention works in treating a specific disease. "Investigational" means that the intervention is being studied.

The FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has not approved Ruxolitinib for Inflammatory Breast Cancer (IBC), but is has been approved for other uses.

Ruxolitinib is a newly discovered drug that has been shown to block a pathway (called the IL6/JAK/Stat pathway) that may be important in cancer, including triple negative inflammatory breast cancer. Ruxolitinib brings proteins groups together, which can result in gene (DNA) changes. These DNA changes may stop cancer cells from growing.

Paclitaxel (also called Taxol), Doxorubicin and Cyclophosphamide (also called Adriamycin and Cytoxan, ("AC")) are drugs FDA approved for breast cancer patients. They have been shown to result in death of cancer cells when given as preoperative treatment of women with inflammatory breast cancer (IBC). Laboratory studies have shown that Ruxolitinib may make Paclitaxel more effective.

In this research study, the investigators are evaluating Ruxolitinib in combination with Paclitaxel followed by the standard chemotherapy, AC. Researchers will also evaluate how the IL6/JAK/Stat pathway is affected by this combination of drugs by studying biopsies and surgical specimens.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must have histologically confirmed invasive breast cancer. All histologic subtypes are eligible.
  • Patients must have known ER, PR, and HER2 status defined as triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), defined as:

    --ER and PR <10% by immunohistochemistry, and HER2-negative ( as per ASCO/CAP guidelines, defined as IHC 0 or 1+, or FISH ratio <2.0 or HER2 copy number <6.0).

  • Patients must have the clinical diagnosis of inflammatory breast cancer as evidenced by the onset of signs and symptoms noted below within a 6 month time-period:

    • Erythema of the breast
    • Edema of the skin of the breast
    • Enlargement of the breast
  • Age ≥ 18 years. Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of ruxolitinib in participants <18 years of age, children are excluded from this study.
  • ECOG performance status 0 or 1.
  • Participants must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • Leukocytes ≥ 3,000/mm3
    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm3
    • Platelets ≥ 100,000/mm3
    • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • AST (SGOT)/ALT (SGPT) < 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
    • Creatinine ≤1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal OR creatinine clearance > 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for subjects with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • Patients must be without evidence of visceral or bone involvement with metastatic cancer on physical exam or any diagnostic study. Extensive nodal involvement is allowed.
  • Both men and women are allowed.
  • The effects of ruxolitinib on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry until completion of chemotherapy. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  • LVEF > 50% calculated by echocardiogram (ECHO) or MUGA
  • Patients may have bilateral breast cancer so long as one breast meets criteria for inflammatory breast cancer, and neither breast cancer has received prior therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants may not be receiving any other investigational agents.
  • Participants with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events.
  • Patients with evidence of metastatic disease involvement in viscera or bone.
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to ruxolitinib.
  • Participants receiving any medications or substances that are potent inhibitors of CYP3A4, including grapefruit juice are ineligible. Participants receiving fluconazole are also ineligible. (Please refer to Appendix B for the full list of potent inhibitors and washout periods).
  • Chronic corticosteroid use in excess of the equivalent of prednisone 10 mg once daily.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because paclitaxel, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide have the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk of adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with these agents, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated on study. These potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study.
  • Individuals with a history of a different malignancy are ineligible except for the following circumstances. Individuals with a history of other malignancies are eligible if they have been disease-free for at least 3 years and are deemed by the investigator to be at low risk for recurrence of that malignancy. Individuals with the following cancers are eligible if diagnosed and treated within the past 3 years: cervical cancer in situ, and basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.
  • Known HIV-positive individuals on combination antiretroviral therapy are eligible so long as they meet all other criteria. Known HIV-positive individuals who are not on combination antiretroviral therapy are not eligible because these individuals are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in participants receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated.
  • Clinically significant malabsorption syndrome.
  • Patients may not have received paclitaxel, doxorubicin, or cyclophosphamide as anti-neoplastic therapy.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02876302


Contacts
Contact: Beth Overmoyer, MD, FACP 617-632-4056 bovermoyer@partners.org

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Contact: Beth Overmoyer, MD, FACP    617-632-4056    bovermoyer@partners.org   
Principal Investigator: Beth Overmoyer, MD, FACP         
United States, Michigan
University of Michigan Recruiting
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
Contact: Catherine Van Poznak, MD       cvanpoz@med.umich.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Incyte Corporation
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Beth Overmoyer, MD, FACP Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
  More Information

Responsible Party: Beth Overmoyer, MD, Prinicipal Investigator, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02876302     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 16-151
First Submitted: August 9, 2016
First Posted: August 23, 2016
Last Update Posted: August 28, 2017
Last Verified: June 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No

Keywords provided by Beth Overmoyer, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
Inflammatory Breast Cancer
Breast Cancer
Triple Negative Breast Cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Inflammatory Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Paclitaxel
Liposomal doxorubicin
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Cyclophosphamide
Doxorubicin
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors