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Study to Evaluate the Safety of Griffithsin in a Carrageenan Gel in Healthy Women

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02875119
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 23, 2016
Last Update Posted : October 19, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Population Council

Brief Summary:
This is a two-part study. The first part is a single-dose open label design. The second part employs a multiple dose, randomized, placebo controlled study design. Studies have demonstrated that GRFT is highly potent for HIV prevention and is effective at very low concentrations. One 4 mL dose of PC-6500, designed to provide an adequate vaginal concentration of GRFT for the prevention of HIV, based on preclinical data, will be evaluated. Rising dose tolerance is not the goal of this study because GRFT is likely to be minimally absorbed systemically, if at all.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infection Drug: Griffithsin Gel Drug: Placebo Gel Phase 1

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 36 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase 1 Trial to Evaluate the Safety, Pharmacokinetics (PK) and Pharmacodynamics (PD) of PC-6500 (Griffithsin [GRFT] in a Carrageenan Gel) in Healthy Women
Actual Study Start Date : October 1, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Griffithsin Gel
In the randomized period, duration of treatment will be 14 days; each of the 30 subjects will self-administer Griffithsin Gel once daily for 14 consecutive days, with 5 doses administered under clinical supervision and the remaining 9 doses administered at home.
Drug: Griffithsin Gel

Griffithsin Gel is a large biologic molecule that is intended for vaginal rather than systemic administration. In addition, Griffithsin Gel is being developed for the prevention of HIV infection and not as a therapeutic agent. The concentration of Griffithsin Gel associated with prevention of HIV in vitro and in vivo has been established in non-clinical studies (see Section 5). Studies have demonstrated that Griffithsin Gel is highly potent for HIV prevention and is effective at very low concentrations.

One 4 mL dose of PC-6500, designed to provide an adequate vaginal concentration of GRFT for the prevention of HIV, based on preclinical data, will be evaluated. Rising dose tolerance is not the goal of this study because GRFT is likely to be minimally absorbed systemically, if at all.


Placebo Comparator: Placebo Gel
In the randomized period, duration of treatment will be 14 days; each of the 30 subjects will self-administer placebo gel once daily for 14 consecutive days, with 5 doses administered under clinical supervision and the remaining 9 doses administered at home.
Drug: Placebo Gel
Placebo Gel




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number and percent of participants with TEAEs, SAEs and AEs leading to premature discontinuation. [ Time Frame: 10 months ]
    To evaluate the safety of PC-6500 gel used vaginally for a single dose; and then for 14 consecutive days of dosing. AEs will be coded in accordance with the current version of the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluation of the area under the time-concentration curve of Griffithsin gel in blood during and after dosing as assessed by (AUC0-last; AUC0-∞) [ Time Frame: 10 months ]
    To determine the PK of Griffithsin Gel in blood after a single dose, and then after 14 days of dosing.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 49 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 1) Between 18 and 49 years of age (at screening), inclusive.
  • 2) Willing and able to provide written informed consent.
  • 3) Healthy, based on medical history, vital signs, physical examination, urinalysis, laboratory evaluations for genital infections and laboratory evaluations for hematology, liver and renal function.
  • 4) HIV-negative as determined by HIV ELISA test at screening.
  • 5) In the absence of the use of exogenous hormone(s), have a self-reported regular menstrual cycle, defined as having a minimum of 21 days and a maximum of 35 days between menses.
  • 6) Normal Pap test at screening. (Documentation of normal Pap test results within 12 months prior to screening is also acceptable.)
  • 7) Agrees to use effective contraception for the duration of the trial. If hormonal contraception or intrauterine device (IUD)/ Intrauterine system (IUS) is being used, it must be have been used for at least 30 days prior to screening, with no planned change in method during the study. The following forms of contraception (per self-report) are permitted: same-sex relationship, male or female sterilization, oral contraceptives, contraceptive implant, contraceptive patch, IUS, IUD depo-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA; Depo-Provera®).
  • 8) Willing to abstain from sexual intercourse/activity including receptive vaginal, oral, digital, and anal intercourse, and the use of any vaginal products including tampons, male and female condoms, contraceptive sponges, diaphragms, cervical caps, douches, lubricants, and vibrators/dildos; starting the Screening Visit (Visit 0) through the final safety visit (Visit 3/Day 8) in the OL period; and starting 48 hours before enrollment through the final safety visit (Visit 8/Day 21) in the randomized period
  • 9) Agrees to not participate in any other clinical research for the duration of this trial.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • 1) History of or known sensitivity/allergy to any component of either study product.
  • 2) Currently pregnant or breast-feeding, or within 3 months of last pregnancy outcome.
  • 3) Participation in any other clinical research trial involving investigational or marketed products currently or within two months of participation prior to screening, including any trial of a spermicide, microbicide and/or drug.
  • 4) Known bleeding disorder that could lead to prolonged or continuous bleeding with biopsy.
  • 5) Diagnosed with or treated for any STI or pelvic inflammatory disease in the last 3 months. Note: Women with a history of condylomata or genital herpes who have been asymptomatic for at least six months may be considered for eligibility.
  • 6) Positive test for Neisseria gonorrhea (NG), Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), or Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) at screening.
  • 7) Symptomatic vulvovaginal candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis (BV), or urinary tract infection (UTI) at screening. (Participants who test positive at initial screening may be treated and re-tested once, and reconsidered for screening).
  • 8) Presence of any clinically significant genital epithelial findings (e.g. abrasions, ulcerations, or lacerations, or vesicles) suspicious for STIs at screening.
  • 9) History of hysterectomy or menopause.
  • 10) Use of excluded contraceptive methods including Nuvaring®, condoms (male or female), contraceptive sponge, diaphragm, or cervical cap.
  • 11) History of gynecological surgery or procedure within past 2 months.
  • 12) History of uterine prolapse, undiagnosed vaginal bleeding or urethral obstruction within the last 3 months, including unexplained break-through bleeding requiring sanitary protection.
  • 13) Known current drug abuse, including illicit drugs, or alcohol abuse.
  • 14) Abnormal finding on laboratory or physical examination or a social or medical condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, would make participation in the study unsafe or would complicate interpretation of data.
  • 15) Unable to comply with study requirements, including but not limited to, attending all study visits, using the gel as directed, observing abstinence throughout the study and use of allowable effective contraceptives.
  • 16) History of latex allergy.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02875119


Contacts
Contact: Barbara Friedland, MPH 212-339-0629 bfriedland@popcouncil.org

Locations
United States, New York
Albert Einstein College of Medicine Recruiting
The Bronx, New York, United States, 10461
Contact: Marla J Keller, MD    718-430-3240    marla.keller@einstein.yu.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Population Council
Investigators
Study Chair: George Creasy, MD Population Council

Responsible Party: Population Council
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02875119     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 728
First Posted: August 23, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 19, 2017
Last Verified: October 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases