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BGB324 in Combination With Pembrolizumab or Dabrafenib/Trametinib in Metastatic Melanoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02872259
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 19, 2016
Last Update Posted : August 25, 2022
BerGenBio ASA
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Haukeland University Hospital

Brief Summary:
The purpose of the study is to assess the safety and efficacy of BGB324 given together with standard treatment, pembrolizumab or dabrafenib and trametinib, compared to standard treatment alone,

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Melanoma Drug: BGB324+pembrolizumab Drug: BGB324+dabrafenib and trametinib Drug: pembrolizumab Drug: dabrafenib and trametinib Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This is an investigator initiated randomized randomized clinical phase 1b/2 clinical trial comparing safety and efficacy of the Axl inhibitor BGB324 in combination with pembrolizumab or dabrafenib+trametinib with that of pembrolizumab or dabrafenib+trametinib alone. Patients with non-resectable stage III or stage IV melanoma will be stratified based on BRAF mutation and tumor load to start dabrafenib+trametinib (BRAF mutation and high tumor load) or pembrolizumab (BRAF wild type or BRAF mutation and low tumor load) in first line. The patients will be randomized 2:1 to receive BGB324 in combination with pembrolizumab or dabrafenib+trametinib or to receive pembrolizumab or dabrafenib+trametinib alone. A 3+3 dose escalation will be performed for the combination of BGB324 and dabrafenib+trametinib. There is a major focus on predictive markers of treatment response evaluated in blood samples and biopsies.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 74 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase Ib/II Randomised Open Label Study of BGB324 in Combination With Pembrolizumab or Dabrafenib/Trametinib Compared to Pembrolizumab or Dabrafenib/Trametinib Alone, in Patients With Advanced Non-resectable (Stage IIIc) or Metastatic (Stage IV) Melanoma
Actual Study Start Date : February 13, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 1, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 1, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus Genetics related topics: Melanoma
MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: BGB324 + pembrolizumab

BGB324 capsules, 200 mg once daily + pembrolizumab 2 mg/kg IV every 3. week

Treatment until disease progression, or unacceptable toxicity

Drug: BGB324+pembrolizumab
Other Name: Keytruda

Experimental: BGB324 + dabrafenib and trametinib

BGB324 capsules: Dose finding part of the study will determine if 100 mg once daily should be used for main part of the study or if 200 mg once daily once daily should be used.

Dabrafenib capsules: 150 mg twice daily Trametinib tablets: 2 mg once daily

Treatment until disease progression, or unacceptable toxicity

Drug: BGB324+dabrafenib and trametinib
Other Names:
  • Tafinlar
  • Mekinist

Active Comparator: pembrolizumab

Pembrolizumab 2 mg/kg IV every 3. week

Treatment until disease progression, or unacceptable toxicity

Drug: pembrolizumab
Other Name: Keytruda

Active Comparator: dabrafenib and trametinib

Dabrafenib capsules:150 mg twice daily Trametinib tablets: 2 mg once daily

Treatment until disease progression, or unacceptable toxicity

Drug: dabrafenib and trametinib
Other Names:
  • Tafinlar
  • Mekinist

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective Response Rate (ORR) assessed according to RECIST Version 1.1 [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 1 year ]
  2. Number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.0 [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 1 year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: ongoing evaluation, assessed up to 5 years ]
    From date of randomization until the date of first documented progression or date of death from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 5 years

  2. Duration of response [ Time Frame: ongoing evaluation, an average of 1 year ]
    through study completion, an average of 1 year

  3. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: ongoing evaluation, an average of 2 year ]
    through study completion, an average of 2 year

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients able to understand and willing to sign a written protocol specific informed consent and 18 years or older at the time of consent
  2. Histologically confirmed advanced cutaneous melanoma that is either non-resectable (Stage IIIc) or metastatic (Stage IV) with:

    1. At least one measurable lesion as defined by RECIST 1.1 on CT or MRI scan and
    2. Documented progression of ≥1 measurable lesion
  3. ECOG score 0 to 2 at screening
  4. Availability of fresh or archival tumour tissue sample suitable for evaluation of predictive biomarkers of response
  5. Male patients with female partners of childbearing potential and female patients of childbearing potential willing to practice highly effective birth control from screening, throughout the study and for at least 3 months following the last dose of study treatment (and if female of childbearing potential, has a negative serum pregnancy test in the 7 days before the first dose of study treatment)

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Prior first line systemic treatment for the treatment of Stage IIIb or Stage IIIc melanoma, including BRAF or MEK inhibitor (adjuvant immunomodulating agent treatment more than 6 months prior to first dose of study treatment is allowed)
  2. Symptomatic central nervous system metastatic lesions as determined by the Investigator (patients with radiographically stable, asymptomatic lesions previously irradiated or surgically resected are eligible provided there is no need for systemic corticosteroids and treatment was completed at least 4 weeks before the first dose of study treatment)
  3. History of malignancy other than melanoma within the last 2 years (basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix; isolated elevation in prostate specific antigen in the absence of histological or radiographic evidence of prostate cancer is allowed)
  4. History of or current active autoimmune diseases, including but not limited to inflammatory bowel diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune thyroiditis, autoimmune hepatitis, systemic sclerosis (scleroderma and variants), systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmune vasculitis, autoimmune neuropathies (e.g. Guillain-Barré syndrome). Patients with vitiligo, or other non-serious autoimmune diseases based on the Investigator's assessment, are NOT excluded
  5. ONLY FOR BRAF POSITIVE PATIENTS: History of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) or ongoing retinal pigment epithelial detachment (RPED)
  6. History of the following cardiac conditions:

    1. Congestive cardiac failure of >Grade 2 severity (see Appendix 1) according to the New York Heart Association (defined as symptomatic at less than ordinary levels of activity)
    2. Ischemic cardiac event including myocardial infarction within 3 months prior to first dose of study treatment
    3. Uncontrolled cardiac disease, including unstable angina, uncontrolled hypertension (i.e. sustained systolic blood pressure >160 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure >90 mmHg), or need to change medication within 6 weeks of provision of consent due to lack of disease control
    4. History or presence of sustained bradycardia (≤55 bpm), left bundle branch block, cardiac pacemaker or ventricular arrhythmia. Note: Patients with a supraventricular arrhythmia requiring medical treatment, but with a normal ventricular rate are eligible
    5. Family history of long QTc syndrome; personal history of long QTc syndrome or previous drug-induced QTc prolongation
  7. Known abnormal left ventricular ejection fraction on echocardiography or Multi Gated Acquisition (MUGA) scan (less than the lower limit of normal for a patient of that age at the treating institution or <45%, whichever is lower)
  8. Current treatment with any agent known to cause Torsade de Points which cannot be discontinued at least five half-lives or two weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment
  9. Screening 12-lead ECG with a measurable QTc interval calculated according to Fridericia's correction (QTcF) >450 ms
  10. Inadequate organ function as defined by the following laboratory values:

    1. Haematological: absolute neutrophil count ≤1.5 x 109/L, platelets ≤100 x 109/L, haemoglobin ≤9.0 g/dL
    2. Renal: serum creatinine ≥1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) and creatinine clearance ≥50 mL/minute
    3. Hepatic: total bilirubin ≥1.5 x institutional ULN, alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) ≥2.5 x institutional ULN or ≥5.0 x institutional ULN if liver metastases are present
    4. Coagulation: international normalised ratio or prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time ≥1.5 x institutional ULN if not using anticoagulants (if patient is receiving anticoagulant therapy value must be within therapeutic range for the condition being treated)
  11. Ongoing infection requiring systemic treatment. Patients who are on prophylactic anti infectives or who have been afebrile for 48 hours following the initiation of treatment are eligible
  12. Known active infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B or C viruses (screening not required)

    • Patients who have a history of hepatitis B infection are eligible provided they are hepatitis B surface antigen negative
    • Patients who have a history of hepatitis C infection are eligible provided they have no evidence of hepatitis C ribonucleic acid using a quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay at least 6 months after completing treatment for hepatitis C infection
  13. Any conditions which may have significant impact on absorption of BGB324 or dabrafenib or trametinib from the gastrointestinal tract (including but not limited to, celiac disease or Crohn's disease, gastric or bowel resection)
  14. Any severe or uncontrolled medical conditions which may jeopardise patient safety, compliance with the protocol, or interpretation of study results in the opinion of the Investigator
  15. Current or recent (within last year) systemic treatment with immunosuppressive or immunomodulating agents (including systemic steroids intended for immunosuppressive effect), or other medications known to have significant impact on the immune system. Topical agents and inhaled steroids are permitted
  16. Treatment with any medication with a narrow therapeutic index which is predominantly metabolised by cytochrome P450 (CYP)3A4 and cannot be stopped before the first dose of study treatment
  17. Known hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab or BGB324 or excipients (including lactose intolerance)
  18. ONLY FOR BRAF POSITIVE PATIENTS: Known hypersensitivity to dabrafenib or trametinib (including lactose intolerance)
  19. Treatment with histamine receptor 2 inhibitors, proton pump inhibitors or antacids in the 7 days before the first dose of study treatment
  20. Treatment with more than 40 mg prednisolone (or equivalent dose of systemic corticosteroid) which cannot be discontinued up to one week prior to starting BGB324. During the study this exclusion criteria is only applicable for patients receiving BGB324.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02872259

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Haukeland University Hospital
Bergen, Norway, 5021
Akershus Univerisity Hospital
Lørenskog, Norway, 1478
Oslo University Hospital, Radiumhospitalet
Oslo, Norway, 0424
University Hospital of North Norway
Tromsø, Norway, 9038
St. Olavs Hospital
Trondheim, Norway, 7006
Sponsors and Collaborators
Haukeland University Hospital
BerGenBio ASA
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Principal Investigator: Oddbjørn Straume, MD PhD Haukeland University Hospital, 5021 Bergen, Norway
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Responsible Party: Haukeland University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02872259    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2015/1155
First Posted: August 19, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 25, 2022
Last Verified: August 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Haukeland University Hospital:
metastatic melanoma
advanced Non-resectable melanoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors