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Efficacy and Safety of BCX7353 to Prevent Angioedema Attacks in Subjects With Hereditary Angioedema (APeX-1)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02870972
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 18, 2016
Results First Posted : March 4, 2021
Last Update Posted : March 23, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
BioCryst Pharmaceuticals

Brief Summary:
This 3-part study will evaluate the safety and efficacy of an oral treatment, BCX7353, in preventing angioedema attacks in subjects with hereditary angioedema (HAE). In Part 1 of the study, eligible subjects will be randomized to receive oral BCX7353 or placebo for 4 weeks. Assuming successful completion of Part 1, additional subjects will be randomized in Part 2 to one of 2 lower doses of BCX7353 or placebo. Part 3 will enroll additional subjects into one of three doses of BCX7353 or placebo. The study will compare the number of acute attacks in each treatment group, as well as a number of other clinical and pharmacologic outcomes, and the safety and tolerability of each dose of BCX7353 compared to placebo.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hereditary Angioedema (HAE) Drug: BCX7353 Drug: Placebo Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 75 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Dose-ranging, Parallel-group Study to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics, and Pharmacodynamics of BCX7353 as a Preventative Treatment to Reduce the Frequency of Attacks in Subjects With Hereditary Angioedema
Actual Study Start Date : August 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Part 1: BCX7353 350 mg once daily
BCX7353 capsules, 350 mg dose administered once per day for 28 days
Drug: BCX7353
Plasma kallikrein inhibitor

Experimental: Parts 2 and 3: BCX7353 250 mg once daily
BCX7353 capsules, 250 mg dose administered once per day for 28 days
Drug: BCX7353
Plasma kallikrein inhibitor

Experimental: Parts 2 and 3: BCX7353 125 mg once daily
BCX7353 capsules, 125 mg dose administered once per day for 28 days
Drug: BCX7353
Plasma kallikrein inhibitor

Placebo Comparator: Parts 1, 2 and 3: Placebo
Placebo capsules, administered once per day for 28 days
Drug: Placebo
Experimental: Part 3: BCX7353 62.5 mg once daily
BCX7353 capsules, 62.5 mg dose administered once per day for 28 days
Drug: BCX7353
Plasma kallikrein inhibitor




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Confirmed HAE Attacks [ Time Frame: Investigators collected data from patient diaries from the first day of dosing through to Day 29 or last day of dosing +24 hrs (the effective dosing period). ]
    Efficacy was evaluated by the number of acute angioedema attacks. To ensure that consistent, objective assessments were used in accepting subject-reported attack data, a panel of expert physicians in the treatment of HAE patients adjudicated all subject-reported attacks prior to their inclusion in primary efficacy analyses.

  2. Proportion of Subjects Who Were HAE Attack-free During the Entire Dosing Period [ Time Frame: Investigators collected data from patient diaries from the first day of dosing through to Day 29 or last day of dosing +24 hrs (the effective dosing period). ]
    Assessment of the proportion of subjects who had no HAE attacks during the entire dosing period


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Confirmed Abdominal HAE Attacks [ Time Frame: Investigators collected data from patient diaries from the first day of dosing through to Day 29 or last day of dosing +24 hrs (the effective dosing period). ]
    A prespecified secondary endpoint analyzed confirmed attacks by anatomical location; abdominal HAE attacks included any abdominal symptoms (i.e. swelling in the stomach/gut, or any symptoms of nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain)

  2. Number of Confirmed Peripheral HAE Attacks [ Time Frame: Investigators collected data from patient diaries from the first day of dosing through to Day 29 or last day of dosing +24 hrs (the effective dosing period). ]
    A prespecified secondary endpoint analyzed confirmed attacks by anatomical location; peripheral attacks included any with peripheral symptoms only (i.e. peripheral swelling or erythema marginatum).

  3. HAE Attacks Requiring Treatment [ Time Frame: Investigators collected data from patient diaries from the first day of dosing through to Day 29 or last day of dosing +24 hrs (the effective dosing period). ]
    A prespecified secondary endpoint analyzed the number of attacks requiring treatment with acute HAE medication (Berinert, Firazyr, Cinryze or Ruconest)

  4. HAE Disease Activity - Modified Angioedema Activity Score [ Time Frame: 28-day treatment period + 1 day ]
    Activity of disease (i.e. disease severity) was assessed using a modified Angioedema Activity Score (AAS). The relevant endpoint for this study was the total modified AAS score, defined as the sum of the individual scores for 4 AAS domains (daily activities, appearance, physical discomfort, and overall severity) for all subject-reported attacks reported during the treatment period. Individual domain scores were based on answers to questions each of which had 4 possible responses scored 0-3 (0 - no impact; 1-3 - increasing levels of impact). The total modified AAS score per attack could range from 0 to 12; lower scores & higher scores represent lower & higher disease activities, respectively. However, the overall total modified AAS score reported for this study included the total scores for all subject-reported attacks, therefore the upper limit of the range was subject-specific. The statistical analysis of the total modified AAS scores for the treatment period is presented below.

  5. Angioedema Quality of Life (AE-QoL) [ Time Frame: The subject-completed AE-QoL was administered at baseline (Day 1) and at Day 29 ]
    Quality of Life (QoL) specific to hereditary angioedema (HAE) was assessed at baseline and Day 29 by a questionnaire (i.e. AE-QoL) consisting of 17 questions that spanned 4 domains (functioning, fatigue/mood, fear/shame, and nutrition). Each AE-QoL question had 5 answer options (scored 1-5), with lower and higher scores indicting less and more adverse impact, respectively. Per-subject scores for each domain were computed using the appropriate scoring algorithm applied to the question response scores for each domain. Per-subject total scores (including all 4 domains) were similarly computed using the question response scores for all 17 questions. The outputs from the scoring algorithm were normalized on a scale ranging from 0 (less adverse impact) to 100 (most adverse impact). The statistical analysis of the AE-QoL total score change from baseline to Day 29 is presented below.

  6. DASS (Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales) [ Time Frame: The DASS was administered at baseline (Day 1), Day 14, and Day 29. ]
    The Depression, Anxiety & Stress Scale (DASS) was used to measure the negative emotional states of depression, anxiety & stress. This assessment was based on a DASS questionnaire administered at baseline, Day 14 & Day 29. The questionnaire consisted of 3 DASS scales (depression, anxiety & stress) containing 14 items each on a scale of 0 to 3 (0, did not apply to me at all; 1, applied to me to some degree/some of the time; 2, applied to me to a considerable degree/a good part of the time; 3, applied to me very much or most of the time). Per-subject scores for the depression, anxiety & stress scales were obtained by summing the scores for the appropriate questionnaire items for the respective category. Total DASS scores were then derived as the sum of the 3 individual scales & ranged from 0 to 126. Higher & lower total scores are associated with more & less adverse impact, respectively. The statistical analysis of the total DASS score change from baseline to Day 29 is presented below.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • A clinical diagnosis of HAE type I or II
  • Documented HAE attacks within a defined calendar period
  • Access to acute attack medications
  • Sexually active women of child-bearing potential and sexually active men must utilize effective contraception

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding
  • Any clinical condition or medical history that would interfere with the subject's safety or ability to participate in the study
  • Use of C1INH, androgens or tranexamic acid for prophylaxis of HAE attacks
  • History of or current alcohol or drug abuse
  • Infection with hepatitis B, hepatitis C or HIV
  • Participation in any other investigational drug study currently or within the last 30 days

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02870972


Locations
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Australia
Adelaide, Australia
Campbelltown, Australia
Austria
Graz, Austria
Vienna, Austria
Canada
Quebec City, Canada
Toronto, Canada
Denmark
Odense, Denmark
Germany
Berlin, Germany
Frankfurt, Germany
Ulm, Germany
Hungary
Budapest, Hungary
Italy
Milano, Italy
Padova, Italy
Salerno, Italy
North Macedonia
Skopje, North Macedonia
Spain
Barcelona, Spain
Madrid, Spain
Sevilla, Spain
Switzerland
Zürich, Switzerland
United Kingdom
Brimingham, United Kingdom
Bristol, United Kingdom
London, United Kingdom
Oxford, United Kingdom
Southampton, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
BioCryst Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Emel Aygören-Pürsün, MD University Hospital Frankfurt Goethe University
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by BioCryst Pharmaceuticals:
Study Protocol  [PDF] July 5, 2017
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] February 7, 2017

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: BioCryst Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02870972    
Other Study ID Numbers: BCX7353-203
First Posted: August 18, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 4, 2021
Last Update Posted: March 23, 2021
Last Verified: March 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Angioedema
Angioedemas, Hereditary
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Urticaria
Skin Diseases, Vascular
Skin Diseases
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Hypersensitivity
Immune System Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn