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Etiology of Orphan Community-based Meningitis and Meningo-encephalitis. (MENINGITE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02868593
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified August 2016 by Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Marseille.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : August 16, 2016
Last Update Posted : August 16, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Marseille

Brief Summary:
The primary purpose of this study is to assess the contribution of a non-invasive sampling (pharyngeal swab) in the diagnosis of community based meningitis or meningo-encephalitis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Community-based Meningitis Meningo-encephalitis Other: Pharyngeal swab Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Community-based meningitis and meningo-encephalitis are defined by the presence of more than 10 leukocytes per mL of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), eventually reported to the number of red blood cells. They can be associated with encephalitis, defined by cerebral or cerebellar dysfunction in the case of the transmission. The evolution includes death, what makes the seriousness of this clinical situation. However the diagnostic performance of meningitis and meningo-encephalitis in a patient without contact with a care structure is less than 25% resulting in empirical support in half of the patients. Indeed, the microbiological diagnosis of meningitis and transmission target currently only five pathogens including HIV positive resulted in a significant change to support the patient in three areas, decision of hospitalization, decision of isolation and antibiotic or antiviral treatment decision. A weekly epidemiological monitoring of the microbiological diagnosis of meningitis and meningo-encephalitis has enabled us to see a mismatch between a curve of requests for analyses and a flat curve of produced diagnoses. This discrepancy is interpreted as indicating a community outbreak of meningitis or meningo-encephalitis non-diagnosed by routine methods, called orphan meningitis or orphan meningo-encephalitis. On this observation, our research project is to improve the performance of the etiological diagnosis of community-based meningitis or meningo-encephalitis. To do this, we will evaluate the diagnostic performance of an advanced technique, using a non-invasive sample, the pharyngeal swab from the patient, to find micro-organisms that are not part of the commensal flora of the pharynx and who are responsible for undetected in routine meningitis. Indeed the main pathogens and meningitis (enterovirus, pneumococcus, meningococcus) transmission give a pharyngeal carriage before being responsible for meningitis or meningo-encephalitis. These bacteria are Coxiella burnetii, Bartonella spp., Tropheryma whipplei, Leptospira spp. and Borrelia spp.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1800 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Study Start Date : January 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Patient with clinical meningitis or meningo-encephalitis Other: Pharyngeal swab

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of patients with established etiological diagnosis of community based meningitis or meningo-encephalitis [ Time Frame: 1 day ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient is aged more than 18 years old.
  • Patient with clinical meningitis or meningo-encephalitis with community transmission.
  • Patient with a prescription of microbiological diagnosis of meningitis or meningo-encephalitis.
  • Patient who do not declined to have his medical records reviewed for research
  • Patient with health insurance

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Minor Patient (age <18 years)
  • Pregnant woman, parturient or breastfeeding
  • Adult Patient under guardianship
  • Patient deprived of liberty under court order
  • Patient vital in emergency.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02868593

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Contact: Michel DRANCOURT 04 91 38 55 19 ext +33
Contact: Alexandra GIULIANI 04 91 38 28 70 ext +33

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Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Marseille Recruiting
Marseille, France
Sponsors and Collaborators
Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Marseille
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Study Director: Catherine GEINDRE Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Marseille

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Responsible Party: Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Marseille Identifier: NCT02868593     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2013-47
2013-A01538-37 ( Other Identifier: ANSM )
First Posted: August 16, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 16, 2016
Last Verified: August 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Viral Diseases
Central Nervous System Infections