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A Phase I/II Trial for Intravitreous Treatment of Severe Ocular Von Hippel-Lindau Disease Using a Combination of the PDGF Antagonist E10030 and the VEGF Antagonist Ranibizumab

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02859441
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 9, 2016
Last Update Posted : September 13, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Eye Institute (NEI) )

Brief Summary:

Objective: Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is an autosomal dominant heritable disorder in which multiple benign and malignant neoplasms and cysts of specific histopathologies develop in the kidney, adrenal gland, pancreas, brain, spinal cord, eye, inner ear, epididymis and broad ligament. The disease affects about 7,000 individuals in the United States. Retinal capillary hemangiomas (RCH) are the most common and often the earliest manifestation of VHL disease and may lead to significant vision loss. In some such eyes, inexorable progression of RCH leads to blindness and phthisis bulbi despite aggressive treatment. Levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a potent mediator of angiogenesis and vascular permeability, have been shown to be elevated in multiple cell types deficient in the VHL protein (pVHL). Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), which has an important role in stabilization of immature new vessels during angiogenesis, is upregulated in pVHL-defective cell lines and expressed in other pVHL-defective tumors. Anti-VEGF therapy alone had no beneficial effect on ocular VHL disease in two previous phase 1 studies. The objective of this study is to investigate the safety and possible efficacy of combination investigational treatment with serial intravitreal injections of E10030, a PDGF-B antagonist, and ranibizumab, a VEGF-A antagonist, in participants with severe ocular VHL disease.

Study Population: Three participants with severe ocular VHL disease will receive the combination investigational treatment in one eye and will be followed for 104 weeks.

Design: In this phase I/II, single-center, prospective, open label, non-randomized, uncontrolled, single group trial, one eye of eligible participants will be treated with investigational products, E10030, a PDGF-B antagonist, and ranibizumab, a VEGF-A antagonist. Participants will receive combination investigational treatment consisting of intravitreal injections of E10030 (1.5 mg in 0.05 mL) and ranibizumab (0.5 mg in 0.05 mL) every four weeks from baseline through Week 16 (totaling five treatments) and then every eight weeks through Week 48 (totaling nine treatments from baseline). All participants will be followed for 104 weeks.

Outcome Measures: The primary outcome for the study will be safety of the combination investigational treatment, assessed by tabulation of adverse events reported through Week 52. Secondary outcomes will include tabulation of adverse events at Week 104, and the following measures in the study eye at Week 52 and 104: the proportion of participants experiencing reduction in size of at least one RCH in the absence of other ablative treatment (assessed by fundus photography and fluorescein angiography [FA]); the proportion of participants experiencing moderate vision loss (defined as a loss of greater than or equal to 15 letters from baseline on Electronic Visual Acuity [EVA] testing); mean change in visual acuity; change in size of RCH (measured by fundus photography and FA); change in exudation (measured by fundus photography, optical coherence tomography [OCT] and FA); change in epiretinal proliferation, fibrosis or retinal traction (assessed by OCT and fundus photography); proportion of participants undergoing ablative treatment of RCH or ocular surgery; proportion of participants with successful ablative treatment of RCH; and the proportion of participants with appearance of one or more new RCH.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Von Hippel-Lindau Syndrome Drug: Ranibizumab Drug: E10030 Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Objective: Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is an autosomal dominant heritable disorder in which multiple benign and malignant neoplasms and cysts of specific histopathologies develop in the kidney, adrenal gland, pancreas, brain, spinal cord, eye, inner ear, epididymis and broad ligament. The disease affects about 7,000 individuals in the United States. Retinal capillary hemangiomas (RCH) are the most common and often the earliest manifestation of VHL disease and may lead to significant vision loss. In some such eyes, inexorable progression of RCH leads to blindness and phthisis bulbi despite aggressive treatment. Levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a potent mediator of angiogenesis and vascular permeability, have been shown to be elevated in multiple cell types deficient in the VHL protein (pVHL). Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), which has an important role in stabilization of immature new vessels during angiogenesis, is upregulated in pVHL-defective cell lines and expressed in other pVHL-defective tumors. Anti-VEGF therapy alone had no beneficial effect on ocular VHL disease in two previous phase 1 studies. The objective of this study is to investigate the safety and possible efficacy of combination investigational treatment with serial intravitreal injections of E10030, a PDGF-B antagonist, and ranibizumab, a VEGF-A antagonist, in participants with severe ocular VHL disease.

Study Population: Three participants with severe ocular VHL disease will receive the combination investigational treatment in one eye and will be followed for 104 weeks.

Design: In this phase I/II, single-center, prospective, open label, non-randomized, uncontrolled, single group trial, one eye of eligible participants will be treated with investigational products, E10030, a PDGF-B antagonist, and ranibizumab, a VEGF-A antagonist. Participants will receive combination investigational treatment consisting of intravitreal injections of E10030 (1.5 mg in 0.05 mL) and ranibizumab (0.5 mg in 0.05 mL) every four weeks from baseline through Week 16 (totaling five treatments) and then every eight weeks through Week 48 (totaling nine treatments from baseline). All participants will be followed for 104 weeks.

Outcome Measures: The primary outcome for the study will be safety of the combination investigational treatment, assessed by tabulation of adverse events reported through Week 52. Secondary outcomes will include tabulation of adverse events at Week 104, and the following measures in the study eye at Week 52 and 104: the proportion of participants experiencing reduction in size of at least one RCH in the absence of other ablative treatment (assessed by fundus photography and fluorescein angiography [FA]); the proportion of participants experiencing moderate vision loss (defined as a loss of greater than or equal to 15 letters from baseline on Electronic Visual Acuity [EVA] testing); mean change in visual acuity; change in size of RCH (measured by fundus photography and FA); change in exudation (measured by fundus photography, optical coherence tomography [OCT] and FA); change in epiretinal proliferation, fibrosis or retinal traction (assessed by OCT and fundus photography); proportion of participants undergoing ablative treatment of RCH or ocular surgery; proportion of participants with successful ablative treatment of RCH; and the proportion of participants with appearance of one or more new RCH.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 3 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Trial for Intravitreous Treatment of Severe Ocular Von Hippel-Lindau Disease Using a Combination of the PDGF Antagonist E10030 and the VEGF Antagonist Ranibizumab
Study Start Date : August 6, 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 30, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 30, 2019


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group 1
Intravitreat injections of E10030 and Ranibizumab
Drug: Ranibizumab
Intravitreal injections of the commercially-available 10 mg/mL formulation of ranibizumab. Ranibizumab is formulated as a sterile solution (pH 5.5 with histidine, trehalose and polysorbate 20. The vial contains no preservative. Each vial contains 0.5 mL of 10 mg/mL ranibizumab aqueous solution. The intravitreal injection volume of ranibizumab is 50 (Micro)L, which correlates to 0.5 mg of dry ranibizumab.

Drug: E10030
E10030 is not a commercially available drug product, and will be provided by Ophthotech Corp. The drug product is provided as a sterile aqueous solution of E10030 at a concentration of 30 mg (oligo weight)/mL. The solution contains monobasic sodium phosphate monohydrate and dibasic sodium phosphate heptahydrate as buffering agents as well as sodium chloride as a tonicity adjuster. The intravitreal injection volume of E10030 is 50 microliter, which correlates to 1.5 mg of dry E10030.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tabulation of adverse events [ Time Frame: Through Week 52 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The proportion of participants experiencing reduction in size of at least one RCH, in the absence of other ablative treatment (assessed by fundus photography and fluorescein angiography [FA]) [ Time Frame: Through Week 104 ]
  2. Proportion of participants undergoing ablative treatment of RCH or ocular surgery [ Time Frame: Through Week 104 ]
  3. Proportion of participants with successful ablative treatment of RCH [ Time Frame: Through Week 104 ]
  4. Mean change in visual acuity [ Time Frame: Through Week 104 ]
  5. Tabulation of adverse events [ Time Frame: Through Week 104 ]
  6. The proportion of participants experiencing moderate vision loss (defined as a loss of greater than or equal to 15 letters from baseline on Electronic Visual Acuity [EVA] testing) [ Time Frame: Through Week 104 ]
  7. Change in size of RCH (measured by fundus photography and FA) [ Time Frame: Through Week 104 ]
  8. Change in exudation (measured by fundus photography, optical coherence tomography [OCT] and FA) [ Time Frame: Through Week 104 ]
  9. Change in epiretinal proliferation, fibrosis or retinal traction (assessed by OCT and fundus photography) [ Time Frame: Through Week 104 ]
  10. Proportion of participants with appearance of one or more new RCH [ Time Frame: Through Week 104 ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • Participant Eligibility Criteria

The participant must meet all of the eligibility criteria and none of the exclusion criteria below.

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Participant must understand and sign the informed consent.
  2. Participant must be 18 years of age or older.
  3. Participant must have a diagnosis of VHL disease. In accordance with established criteria for diagnosis, any one of the following will be considered sufficient evidence that VHL disease is present:

    • A family history of VHL disease plus one or more of the following lesions: RCH, spinal or cerebellar hemangioblastoma, pheochromocytoma, multiple pancreatic cysts, epididymal or broad ligament cystadenomas, multiple renal cysts or renal cell carcinoma before age 60 years.
    • Presence of two or more hemangioblastomas of the retina or brain or a single hemangioblastoma in association with a visceral manifestation such as kidney or pancreatic cysts; renal cell carcinoma; adrenal or extra-adrenal pheochromocytomas; endolymphatic sac tumors; papillary cystadenomas of the epididymis or broad ligament; or neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas.
    • Presence of a known disease-causing germline mutation in the VHL gene.
  4. Any female participant of childbearing potential (see Appendix 1 for definition) must not be pregnant or breast-feeding, must have a negative pregnancy test at screening and must be willing to undergo pregnancy testing immediately prior to each treatment.
  5. Any female participant of childbearing potential (see Appendix 1 for definition) and any male participant able to father children must have (or have a partner who has) had a hysterectomy or vasectomy, be completely abstinent from intercourse or must agree to practice two effective methods of contraception throughout the course of the study and for at least two months following the last administration of combination investigational treatment. Acceptable methods of contraception include:

    • hormonal contraception (i.e., birth control pills, injected hormones, dermal patch or vaginal ring),
    • intrauterine device,
    • barrier methods (diaphragm or condom) with spermicide, or
    • surgical sterilization (hysterectomy, tubal ligation or vasectomy).

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Participant has a history or evidence of significant cardiac disease (for example, use of cardiac medications aside from agents to control blood pressure, past acute coronary syndrome, past myocardial infarction, past revascularization procedure or arrhythmias requiring past or present treatment).
  2. Participant has a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack.

    Note: cerebrovascular manifestations and/or complications of central nervous system hemangioblastomas are not exclusionary, in the absence of past stroke or transient ischemic attack.

  3. Participant has used systemic medication with significant anti-VEGF or anti-PDGF activity within 30 days of study entry or expects use of such a medication within 12 months of study entry.
  4. Participant is medically unable to comply with study procedures or follow up in the judgment of the investigator.
  5. Participant has a diagnosis of diabetic mellitus (type 1 or type 2). Any one of the following will be considered sufficient evidence that diabetes is present:

    • Current regular use of insulin for the treatment of diabetes,
    • Current regular use of oral anti-hyperglycemia agents for the treatment of diabetes,
    • Hemoglobin A1C of greater than or equal to 6.5%, or
    • Documented diabetes by ADA and/or WHO criteria.

Study Eye Eligibility Criteria

The participant must have at least one eye meeting all inclusion criteria and none of the exclusion criteria listed below.

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Participant has at least one RCH secondary to VHL disease in the study eye that fulfills the following criteria:

    1. The RCH must exhibit growth potential with consequent threat to vision. Growth potential with consequent threat to vision is defined by AT LEAST ONE of the following:

      • Associated intra- or sub-retinal exudation or lipid deposition that, in the judgment of the investigator, reflects ongoing vascular incompetence and is not solely reflective of residual changes following previous treatment or solely secondary to coexistent retinal traction.
      • Increased size of the tumor compared to a previous time point as assessed by fundus photography or FA.
      • Associated intra-, sub- or pre-retinal hemorrhage not secondary to previous treatment, as assessed by fundus photography or FA.
      • The presence of dilated and/or tortuous feeder vessels.
      • Vitreous cell or haze indicative of vitreous exudation, in the absence of other ocular features potentially responsible for such findings.
    2. The RCH, in the judgment of the investigator, is NOT readily treatable using thermal laser because of its size, posterior location, poor previous response to conventional therapy, association with significant exudation, epiretinal proliferation, associated vascular abnormalities such as vascular proliferation or diffusely incompetent retinal vessels, or other factors predictive of a poor response to standard of care approaches.
  2. The study eye must have clarity of ocular media and degree of pupil dilation sufficient to permit adequate fundus photography.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. The study eye has present or chronic ocular or periocular infection (including any history of ocular herpes zoster).
  2. The study eye has chronic glaucoma; OR has received anti-glaucoma medication at any time within 90 days of study entry; OR has significant ocular hypertension, defined as documented intraocular pressure of greater than or equal to 28 mmHg on any occasion in the absence of self-limited acute glaucoma, OR greater than or equal to 24 mmHg on at least two occasions in the absence of self-limited acute glaucoma.

    Note: History of self-limited acute glaucoma in a study eye, if now resolved and not expected to recur, is not exclusionary. History of glaucoma or ocular hypertension in the fellow eye, if not felt to significantly impact risk of glaucoma in the study eye, is not exclusionary.

  3. The study eye has undergone any surgical procedure within 60 days prior to study entry (inclusive of cryotherapy or thermal laser).
  4. The study eye has a history of intravitreal injection of an anti-VEGF agent (such as bevacizumab, ranibizumab or aflibercept) within 42 days prior to study entry.
  5. The study eye has a history of intravitreal or periocular injection of long-acting corticosteroids (such as triamcinolone acetonide) within 90 days of study entry or history of any sustained-release ocular drug delivery device with reasonable expectation of residual activity in the study eye.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02859441


Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Eye Institute (NEI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Henry E Wiley, M.D. National Eye Institute (NEI)

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: National Eye Institute (NEI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02859441     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 160159
16-EI-0159
First Posted: August 9, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 13, 2018
Last Verified: July 2, 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Eye Institute (NEI) ):
Intravitreal Injection
Retinal Capillary Hemangioma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Von Hippel-Lindau Disease
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Neurocutaneous Syndromes
Angiomatosis
Ranibizumab
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents