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An Efficacy and Safety Study of Niraparib in Men With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer and DNA-Repair Anomalies (Galahad)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02854436
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 3, 2016
Results First Posted : March 8, 2022
Last Update Posted : March 8, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Research & Development, LLC

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of niraparib in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) repair anomalies.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prostatic Neoplasms Drug: Niraparib Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This is a multicenter and open-label (participants and researchers are aware of the treatment that participants are receiving) study that consists of 4 phases: a Prescreening Phase for biomarker evaluation only, a Screening Phase, a Treatment Phase (Cycle 1 Day 1 and will continue until the study drug is discontinued), a Follow-up Phase (every 3 months after end of treatment visit), and a Long-term Extension Phase (until participants no longer derive benefit from treatment or until further notification on different means of study treatment). Participants will be monitored for safety during the study period, and up to 30 days after the last dose of study drug.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 289 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Efficacy and Safety Study of Niraparib in Men With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer and DNA-Repair Anomalies
Actual Study Start Date : August 31, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 26, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 28, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Niraparib
Participants will receive 300 milligram (mg) niraparib (3 capsules*100 mg) orally once daily.
Drug: Niraparib
Participants will receive 300 mg niraparib (3 capsules*100 mg) orally once daily.
Other Name: JNJ-64091742




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective Response Rate (ORR) for Participants With Measurable Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC) and Breast Cancer Gene (BRCA) Mutation [ Time Frame: Up to 52 months ]
    ORR defined as percentage of participants with BRCA DNA-repair anomalies and measurable disease whose best response is either complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST 1.1) and with no evidence of bone progression per Prostate Cancer Working Group 3 (PCWG3) criteria.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective Response Rate for Participants With Measurable Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC) and Non-Breast Cancer Gene (BRCA) Mutation [ Time Frame: Up to 52 months ]
    ORR defined as percentage of participants with BRCA deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-repair anomalies and measurable disease whose best response is either CR or PR per RECIST 1.1 and with no evidence of bone progression per PCWG3 criteria.

  2. Circulating Tumor Cells (CTC) Response Rate [ Time Frame: At 8 weeks post-baseline ]
    CTC response rate was defined as the percentage of participants with CTC equals to (=) 0 per 7.5 milliliter (mL) blood at 8 weeks post-baseline in participants with baseline CTC greater than (>) 0.

  3. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 52 months ]
    OS is defined as time from enrollment to death from any cause.

  4. Radiographic Progression-Free Survival (rPFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 52 months ]
    rPFS was defined as time from enrollment to radiographic progression or death from any cause, whichever occurred first. Radiographic progression was evaluated per RECIST 1.1 criteria for soft tissue disease and per PCWG3 criteria for bone disease.

  5. Time to Radiographic Progression [ Time Frame: Up to 52 months ]
    Time to radiographic progression is defined as time from enrollment to radiographic progression or death due to disease progression, whichever occurs first. Disease progression is defined as at least a 20 percent (%) increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered progression.

  6. Time to Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Progression [ Time Frame: Up to 52 months ]
    Time to PSA progression was defined as time from enrollment to the first date of documented PSA progression based on PCWG3 criteria. A participant was considered to have a PSA progression if the PSA level had a 25 percent (%) or greater increase from nadir and an absolute increase of 2 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL) or more, which is confirmed by a second value obtained in 3 or more weeks.

  7. Time to Symptomatic Skeletal Event (SSE) [ Time Frame: Up to 52 months ]
    Time to SSE was defined as the time from enrollment to first occurrence of one of the following symptomatic skeletal events: tumor-related spinal cord compression, radiation to bone to relieve skeletal symptoms, surgery to bone or need for tumor-related orthopedic surgical intervention, symptomatic or pathologic fracture.

  8. Duration of Objective Response [ Time Frame: Up to 52 months ]
    Duration of objective response is defined as time from CR or PR to radiographic progression of disease, unequivocal clinical progression or death, whichever occurs first. Unequivocal clinical progression defined as one or more of following: 1) deterioration in Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) to Grade 3 or higher; 2) need to initiate any of following because of tumor progression (even in absence of radiographic evidence of disease): alternative anticancer therapy for prostate cancer, radiation therapy, surgical interventions for complications due to tumor progression.

  9. Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Up to 52 months ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant participating in a clinical study that does not necessarily have a causal relationship with the pharmaceutical/ biological agent under study.

  10. Number of Participants With Worst Toxicity Grades for Clinical Laboratory Tests Based on National Cancer Institute - Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE) [ Time Frame: Up to 52 months ]
    Number of participants with worst toxicity grades for clinical laboratory tests (chemistry and hematology) based on NCI-CTCAE were reported. The chemistry laboratory parameters were: alanine aminotransferase (ALT) increased, alkaline phosphatase increased, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) increased, blood bilirubin increased, creatinine increased, gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) increased and the hematology parameters were: hemoglobin increased, lymphocyte count increased. Grading was done as: Grade 1 (=mild), Grade 2 (=moderate), Grade 3 (=severe) and Grade 4 (=potentially life-threatening).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed prostate cancer (mixed histology is acceptable, with the exception of the small cell pure phenotype, which is excluded)
  • Received a taxane-based chemotherapy for the treatment of metastatic prostate cancer with evidence of disease progression on or after treatment, or discontinued from a taxane-based chemotherapy due to an adverse event
  • Received a second-generation or later androgen receptor (AR)-targeted therapy (for example, abiraterone acetate plus prednisone, enzalutamide, apalutamide) for the treatment of metastatic prostate cancer with evidence of disease progression or non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer with evidence of subsequent metastasis
  • Biomarker-positive by at least one of the following criteria: (a) Biallelic deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-repair anomaly based on a sponsor validated blood or tissue assay; (b) Germline pathogenic Breast Cancer gene (BRCA) 1 or BRCA2 by any test (somatic local results must be confirmed as positive by the sponsor-validated assay before dosing)
  • Progression of metastatic prostate cancer in the setting of castrate levels of testosterone or history of bilateral orchiectomy at study entry

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior treatment with a poly (adenosine diphosphate [ADP] ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor
  • Prior platinum-based chemotherapy for the treatment of prostate cancer
  • Known history or current diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)/acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
  • Symptomatic or impending cord compression
  • Symptomatic brain metastases

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02854436


Locations
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Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Investigators
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Study Director: Janssen Research & Development, LLC Clinical Trial Janssen Research & Development, LLC
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:
Study Protocol  [PDF] July 17, 2020
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] February 22, 2021

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Janssen Research & Development, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02854436    
Other Study ID Numbers: CR108208
64091742PCR2001 ( Other Identifier: Janssen Research & Development, LLC )
2016-002057-38 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: August 3, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 8, 2022
Last Update Posted: March 8, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:
Prostate cancer
CRPC
Metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer
Prostate neoplasm
Galahad
Niraparib
DNA anomalies
DNA defect
PARP inhibitor
PARPi
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Congenital Abnormalities
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Prostatic Diseases
Niraparib
Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents