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Plyometric Training for Elderly Women

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02852642
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 2, 2016
Last Update Posted : August 2, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
João Pedro Pinho, University of Sao Paulo

Brief Summary:
Introduction: the physiological aging process induces several structural changes in the musculoskeletal system. These, in turn, result in functional changes that are reflected in the senescent dependency, determining the reduction in their quality of life. Power training has been identified as ideal to mitigate the effects of aging. However, there are indications that an intervention based on the potentiation of the stretch-shortening cycle action is a better choice.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Other: Exercise Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Study hypotheses: the participants of the proposed intervention will increase their bone mineral density, muscle volume, functional capacity and will show some improvement in their gait, as well as in their quality of life. Purposes: the main objective of this study was to propose a training model based in the potentiation of the stretch-shortening cycle action and assess its effects on selected parameters of musculoskeletal morphology, functional capacity and quality of life of elderly women.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 37 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Structure and Musculoskeletal Function, Functional Capacity and Quality of Life of Elderly Women in Response to a Plyometric Training Model Based on the Stretch-shortening Cycle
Study Start Date : March 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2016

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Exercise
Power training model based in the potentiation of the stretch-shortening cycle.
Other: Exercise
Plyometric training

No Intervention: Control
Maintaining daily activities



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Bone microstructure [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 6 months ]
    Tibia and radius trabecular and cortical bone density

  2. body composition [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 6 months ]
    Lean and fat body mass

  3. gait kinematics [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 6 months ]
    toe clearance: minimum vertical distance of the forefoot and the ground during swing phase

  4. balance [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 6 months ]
    Center of pressure displacement

  5. function capacity assessment [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 6 months ]
    timed up and go test

  6. electromyography gait analysis [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 6 months ]
    Knee extensors and flexors muscles co-contraction during the gait cycle



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Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • sedentary women, not using bone alteration medication physically able

Exclusion Criteria:

  • attending less than 80% of the intervention sessions and not attending the final evaluation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02852642


Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Sao Paulo
Investigators
Study Director: Alberto C Amadio, PhD University of São Paulo

Responsible Party: João Pedro Pinho, Principal Investigator, University of Sao Paulo
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02852642     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PlyoElderly
First Posted: August 2, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 2, 2016
Last Verified: July 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by João Pedro Pinho, University of Sao Paulo:
power training
plyometric training
functional capacity