SLN in Colon Cancer Using a Multimodal Tracer
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02850783|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 1, 2016
Last Update Posted : August 1, 2016
Rationale: Lymph node status is the most important factor in the selection of patients for adjuvant chemotherapy after surgical treatment of primary colorectal carcinoma. Up to 30% stage I/II patients with negative lymph node involvement will develop distant metastases and eventually die from colorectal carcinoma (CRC). Better detection and pathologic staging of the lymph nodes could contribute to a better survival of colon cancer patients. This sentinel lymph node (SLN) procedure aims to identify the first draining lymph node(s) from the primary tumour, which have the highest risk of harbouring metastases. These SLNs can be pathological analysed with several more sensitive histopathologic techniques like immunohistochemical staining (IHC).
Objective: Aim of this study is to investigate if the combination of a radioactive and fluorescent tracer can increase the sensitivity and specificity of the sentinel lymph node mapping (SLNM) technique in colon cancer by utilizing the radioactive component for preoperative imaging (PET/CT) of the SLNs and the near infrared (NIR) fluorescence component for guidance to the SLNs during surgery.
Study design: Single centre pilot study Study population: Ten patients with colon cancer (colon ascendens, colon transversum, colon descendens, sigmoid) stage Tis-T1-T2-T3, scheduled for laparoscopic surgical resection of the tumour.
Intervention (if applicable):
The present study will be performed with the radioactive tracer 89Zr-Nanocoll and fluorescent tracer Indocyanine Green (ICG). A colonoscopy will be performed to inject the radioactive tracer 48 hrs before surgery. After injection, patients will undergo the first PET/CT scan. A second PET/CT scan will be performed ± 24 hrs after tracer injection and a third scan just before the surgical procedure; ± 48 hrs after tracer administration. During the surgical procedure ICG diluted in saline and human albumin will be injected at the base of the tumour by colonoscopy. The PET/CT images will be compared with respect to the total number and location of foci and , if visible, lymphatic vessels. During surgery the fluorescent nodes will be marked with a suture in vivo. Thereafter the PET/CT images will be used as a roadmap, to detect SLNs which are not visible with the NIR laparoscope. These nodes will be marked with a suture too. When all radioactive and/ or fluorescent nodes are detected, the specimen will be resected like the conventional method. Ex vivo the specimen will be inspected for fluorescent and/or radioactive nodes not found in vivo. All the identified nodes will be taken out ex vivo and stored separately. The entire specimen will be submitted for pathologic examination. All identified SLNs will be stained with hematoxylin-eosin (H&E). If the fluorescent or radioactive SLNs are negative after routine H&E staining, they will be sliced in multiple parts and examined with H&E staining and immunohistochemistry with the specific marker CAM5.2. Finally, the pathologist uses palpation to identify the remaining non-fluorescent and/ or radioactive lymph nodes. Nodes found by palpation will be screened for fluorescent and/ or radioactive activity too.
The amount of tumour tissue in positive nodes will be evaluated with the Q-prodit; an interactive video morphometry system (Leica, Cambridge, UK).
Main study parameters/endpoints: Main study parameter is the identification rate of SLN mapping with preoperative PET/CT scans combined with intraoperative near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging in patients with colon carcinoma. Thereby biodistribution and kinetics of 89Zr-Nanocoll have to be considered as primary study parameter. Secondary endpoints are the number and localization of the SLNs and optimal tracer volume.
Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness: All participating patients will receive conventional resection of the tumour and follow-up according to normal standards in our hospital. The main goal of this study is to optimize the SLN mapping technique in colon cancer. If the investigators are able to identify the true SLN this could lead to better staging and survival of patients with this type of cancer. . Because of the colonoscopy ± 48 hrs before surgery, patients stay in the hospital will be prolonged with one day. The additional risks of exposure to radiation for participating patients are calculated and can be considered as negligible.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Sentinel Lymph Node||Procedure: 89Zr-nanocoll and Indocyanine Green||Phase 2 Phase 3|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||10 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Official Title:||Sentinel Lymph Node Identification in Colon Cancer Using a Radioactive and Fluorescent Tracer; a Feasibility Study|
|Study Start Date :||March 2015|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||January 2016|
Experimental: SLN identification with 89-zirconium-nanocoll
Submucosal injection of 2.5 mBq, 0.4 ml 89-Zirconium-Nanocoll and subsequently SLN identification
Procedure: 89Zr-nanocoll and Indocyanine Green
- Identification rate of SLNM with preoperative PET/CT imaging and intraoperative NIR fluorescence imaging in patients with colon carcinoma. [ Time Frame: one year ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02850783
|VU University Medical Center|
|Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands, 1081 HV|