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The Effect of Whole Body Cryotherapy on Recovery and Performance: a Randomized Controlled Trial (Cryotherapy)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02847663
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 28, 2016
Last Update Posted : August 8, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
THIM - die internationale Hochschule für Physiotherapie
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ron Clijsen, University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland

Brief Summary:
This study investigates the effects of whole-body cryotherapy vs. cold-water immersion after a muscle damage protocol.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cold Device: Kryosauna Space Cabin Other: cold water tub Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
In this study the effects of a single- or multiple whole body cryotherapy (-135°C for max. 2 minutes) vs. cold water immersion (10°C for 15 min) and a passive control group (20 min supine position) are compared. These effects are examined after a muscle damage protocol of the frontal thighs (3 x 30 jumps). The objective recovery parameters are vertical jump, maximum voluntary contraction of the anterior thigh muscle, heart rate, blood pressure, skin-core body temperature and the oxygen saturation of the thigh muscles. Subjective recovery parameters are the local muscle soreness details and the general exhaustion details. The parameters are directly and 24, 48 and measured 72 hours after exposure. The aim is to elicit the effects of whole body cooling to make recommendations to. The current scientific knowledge situation calls for further studies to whole body cooling.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: The Effect of Whole Body Cryotherapy on Recovery and Performance: a Randomized Controlled Trial
Study Start Date : April 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Drinking Water

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Whole-body cryotherapy
The effects of whole-body cryotherapy (-135°C for 2 minutes) are investigated after a muscle damage protocol.
Device: Kryosauna Space Cabin
The whole body cryotherapy device is able to generatue temperatures up to -195°C for 3 minutes. In this study, we generate temperatures of -135°C for 2 minutes as proposed in the manual. The participant will enter the cabin in cold-resistant shoes and will remain in standing position during the whole procedure. The cold temperature is generated by vaporization of liquid nitrogen.
Other Name: Cryomed s.r.o.

Cold-water immersion
The effects of cold-water immersion (10°C for 15 minutes) are investigated after a muscle damage protocol.
Other: cold water tub
The tub will be filled with cold water up to the sternal level of the participants. Adding ice will ensure a constant temperature. The participant will sit inside the tub during the whole procedure.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Vertical Jump [ Time Frame: 72 hours ]
    Vertical Jump will be assessed in cm with the Just Jump Plate

  2. Maximum voluntary contraction [ Time Frame: 72 hours ]
    Maximum voluntary contraction will be assessed in kg on a custom made ergometer chair (COR 1)

  3. Delayed onset of muscle soreness [ Time Frame: 72 hours ]
    DOMS will be assessed using a visual analog scale (0-10 cm)

  4. Ratings of perceived exertion [ Time Frame: 72 hours ]
    RPE will be assessed using a BORG scale (6-20)

  5. Skin temperature [ Time Frame: 60 minutes ]
    Skin temperature of the neck, right scapula, right dorsal hand, right frontal thigh, right shin are assessed in °C using thermocouples (iButtons)

  6. Core temperature [ Time Frame: 60 minutes ]
    Core temperature will be assessed in °C via the ear

  7. Cardiovascular measurements [ Time Frame: 60 min ]
    Heart rate will be measured in beats per minute and bloop pressure will be measured in mm/Hg using an blood pressure monitor

  8. Oxygenation of the right thigh muscle [ Time Frame: 60 min ]
    Oxygenation of the right thigh muscle will be assessed in % using a near infrared spectometer.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 35 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Only healthy young subjects 18-35 years no musculoskeletal surgery in trunk and lower extremities injury history in trunk and lower extremity for more than one year subjects taking anticonceptive medication are allowed to participate

Exclusion Criteria:

Actual injuries or injuries for less than one year in trunk and /or lower extremities injury history in trunk and lower extremity for more than one year with complaints anxiety of cooling subjects on medication pace maker cardiovascular disease pregnancy skeletal problems appendectomy for less than two years Morbus Raynaud syndrome


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02847663


Locations
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Switzerland
Fachhochschule Südschweiz
Landquart, Switzerland, 7302
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland
THIM - die internationale Hochschule für Physiotherapie
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ronaldus Clijsen, PhD Fachhochschule Südschweiz
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Responsible Party: Ron Clijsen, PhD., University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02847663    
Other Study ID Numbers: PB_2016-01125
First Posted: July 28, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 8, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by Ron Clijsen, University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland:
Cold
recovery