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Vinblastine +/- Bevacizumab in Children With Unresectable or Progressive Low Grade Glioma (LGG)

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified September 2017 by Ute Bartels, The Hospital for Sick Children
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02840409
First Posted: July 21, 2016
Last Update Posted: September 20, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
Hoffmann-La Roche
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ute Bartels, The Hospital for Sick Children
  Purpose
This is an open-label, randomized, multi-center, comparator Phase II trial looking at the addition of Bevacizumab to Vinblastine in chemotherapy naïve pediatric patients with progressive Low Grade Glioma aged 6 months to less than18 years of age at the time of initiation of therapy. Participants will be randomized to Arm A or Arm B. Arm A includes 68 weeks of single agent Vinblastine administered once weekly IV. Arm B includes 68 weeks of Vinblastine administered weekly IV with the addition of 12 doses of Bevacizumab administered every two weeks IV for the initial 24 weeks. Randomization will take place at the time of registration taking into account NF1 and BRAF-KIAA1549-fusion status.

Condition Intervention Phase
Low Grade Glioma Drug: Vinblastine Drug: Bevacizumab Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II, Open-Labeled, Multi-Center, Randomized Controlled Trial of Vinblastine +/- Bevacizumab for the Treatment of Chemotherapy-Naïve Children With Unresectable or Progressive Low Grade Glioma (LGG)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Ute Bartels, The Hospital for Sick Children:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Efficacy of the addition of Bevacizumab to Vinblastine compared with Vinblastine alone in chemotherapy-naïve pediatric patients with unresectable or progressive Low Grade Gliomas as measured by Response Rate (RR). [ Time Frame: 6 months from randomization ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall survival (OS) at the end of study. [ Time Frame: From the date of study completion (approximately 6.5 years (78 months)) up till the date of death. ]
  • To determine 6 month, 12 month and 2 year progression free survival (PFS) between vinblastine alone versus in combination with Bevacizumab. [ Time Frame: At 6 and 12 months and 2 years ]
    Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) should occur in conjunction with the Visual Field/Acuity exams for participating institutions equipped with OCT.

  • To evaluate the difference in visual outcome measures in children with optic pathway gliomas treated with vinblastine alone or in combination with Bevacizumab. [ Time Frame: Every 3 months during treatment, every 3 months for 1 year after completion of treatment, then every 6 months for 4 years. ]
  • To determine if the prevalence of cognitive deficits in children and adolescents treated for LGG, is significantly higher than the normative population (> 14%) using the NIH Toolbox Cognitive Battery. [ Time Frame: At 1 year off therapy ]
    Domains include: working memory, executive function, processing speed, episodic memory, and attention

  • To determine the effects of Bevacizumab on cognitive function in the pediatric population using the NIH Toolbox Cognitive Battery. [ Time Frame: During treatment, 28 days after completing treatment, at 6 months and 1 year off therapy ]
    The effects of Bevacizumab on cognitive function in the pediatric

  • To determine if the prevalence of QOL difficulties in children and adolescents treated for LGG at 1 year off therapy, is significantly higher than the normative population (> 14%). [ Time Frame: At 1 year off therapy ]
    Domains include: fatigue, physical activity, anxiety, depression, and peer relationships.


Other Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the safety of the combination of Vinblastine and Bevacizumab compared with Vinblastine alone in pediatric patients with LGG, focusing on serious adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v 4.03. [ Time Frame: Through study completion which is approximately 6.5 years (78 months) ]
  • To define and describe the toxicities of the agents in combination and of single agent Vinblastine in this treatment naïve population as assessed by CTCAE v 4.03. [ Time Frame: Through study completion which is approximately 6.5 years (78 months) ]
  • To evaluate the effect of Bevacizumab on growth and puberty by recording patient's height and using the Tanner Scale to measure puberty. [ Time Frame: Baseline, 28 days off therapy, and then annually for 5 years off therapy ]
    Growth will be analyzed by recording patient's height, following treatment until completion of puberty. Puberty will be measured using the Tanner Scale where Tanner stage V for pubic hair, breast, and genitalia represent mature development and completion of puberty.

  • To evaluate the effect of Bevacizumab on fertility. This includes the risk of delay in pubertal development as well as abnormal menstrual status and the risk of primary or secondary amenorrhea and later on the potential effect on pregnancies) assessed by [ Time Frame: Baseline, 28 days off therapy, and then annually for 5 years off therapy ]
  • To prospectively determine the role of BRAF mutation/fusion in PLGG and correlate this with outcome and response to therapy. [ Time Frame: Tissue will be submitted prior to study registration for pathology review. ]
  • To determine the presence and prognostic significance of other mutations, including RAF1, FGFR1, MYB, MYBL1, PTPN11, NTRK2, H3F3A, ATRX and CDNK2A deletions among others. [ Time Frame: Blood samples will be collected at Baseline. ]
  • To stratify PLGG based on methylation profile, using methylation arrays. [ Time Frame: Through study completion which is approximately 6.5 years (78 months) ]
  • To determine demographic (e.g., SES, gender), disease (e.g., risk status), treatment, and behavioral predictors of neurocognitive and QOL deficits as measured by the NIH Toolbox Cognitive and PROMIS batteries in children and adolescents with LGG. [ Time Frame: Through study completion which is approximately 6.5 years (78 months) ]
  • To determine the prevalence of cognitive deficits in PLGG population. [ Time Frame: Through study completion which is approximately 6.5 years (78 months) ]
  • To examine the role of vascularity (including MVD) in PLGG and investigate potential biomarkers to assist in determining the population of best responders to anti-angiogenic therapy in PLGG. [ Time Frame: Through study completion which is approximately 6.5 years (78 months) ]
  • To assess the use of novel MR biomarkers to assess disease response in these patients and to correlate these with traditional imaging tools. [ Time Frame: Through study completion which is approximately 6.5 years (78 months) ]

Estimated Enrollment: 75
Study Start Date: August 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 2026
Estimated Primary Completion Date: August 2026 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Arm A
68 weeks of single agent Vinblastine administered once weekly IV
Drug: Vinblastine
Experimental: Arm B
68 weeks of Vinblastine administered weekly IV with the addition of 12 doses of Bevacizumab administered every two weeks IV for the initial 24 weeks.
Drug: Vinblastine Drug: Bevacizumab
Other Name: Avastin

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Months to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Children and adolescents aged 6 months to < 18 years old with Low Grade Glioma (See Appendix I).
  2. All patients must submit tumour tissue (fresh tumour tissue is recommended) and have pathological confirmation of LGG from the central lab. Exceptions will be made for patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 who have not previously had a biopsy. NF1 patients are eligible without tissue confirmation but must have definitive clinical or radiographic evidence of tumour progression or risk for significant neurologic deterioration requiring immediate therapy. If a tissue sample for NF1 patients is available from a previous biopsy, it is required to be submitted for Central Review at the Hospital for Sick Children.
  3. Patients must have progressive disease following surgical excision based on clear radiological or clinical evidence of progression, or an incomplete excision (< 95% or > 1.0 cm2 residual tumour) with necessity to begin treatment because of a risk of neurological impairment with progression.
  4. All patients on study must have measurable tumour (> 1.0 cm2 of residual tissue if resection has been performed) within 28 days of registration.
  5. Patients must have received no prior therapy including chemotherapy, biological modifiers and/or radiation treatment for the tumour with the exception of surgery.
  6. Patient is able to start treatment within 14 working days after randomization.
  7. Post pubertal teenagers who are sexually active agree to use one effective method of contraception during the treatment period and for at least 6 months after the last dose of study drug.
  8. Lansky performance status > 50% for patients < 16 years of age. Karnofsky performance status > 50% for patients ≥ 16 years of age.
  9. Patients with neurologic deficits must have deficits that are stable for a minimum of 1 week prior to registration.
  10. Patients receiving corticosteroids must be on a stable or decreasing dose for at least 1 week prior to registration.
  11. Life expectancy > 2 months at the time of registration.
  12. Parents/guardians must provide written informed consent and to agree that they (and the patient) will comply with the study protocol.
  13. Written assent by patient according to institutional guidelines.
  14. Patients must have adequate bone marrow function within 2 weeks prior to registration:

    • Hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL (may be supported)
    • Neutrophil count ≥ 1.0 × 109/dL
    • Platelet count ≥ 100 × 109/L (transfusion independent)
  15. Patients not on a therapeutic dose of an anti-coagulant must have an INR ≤ 1.5 and an aPTT ≤ 1.5x institutional ULN for age. Anti-coagulation is permitted prior to randomization on the condition that the patient is, according to the local clinical practice guidelines or approved product labeling, adequately anti-coagulated prior to randomization. Patients not taking an anti-coagulant must have an INR and an aPTT within institutional normal ranges.
  16. Patients must have satisfactory liver function within 2 weeks prior to registration :

    • AST ≤ 3x institutional ULN for age
    • ALT ≤ 3x institutional ULN for age
    • Total Bilirubin ≤ 1.5x institutional ULN for age
  17. Patients must have satisfactory renal function within 2 weeks prior to registration:

    • Serum creatinine must be ≤ 1.5 x ULN for age. If the serum creatinine is ≥ 1.5× of the ULN, the glomerular filtration rate (either estimated or formal) must be >90 mL/min/1.73 m2, for patient to be enrolled.
    • Absence of clinically significant proteinuria, as defined by screening of the early morning urine (urine protein < 1g/L and/or albumin/creatinine ratio < 1.0 (mg/mmol)). If urine protein ≥ 1g/L, then Urine Protein Creatinine (UPC) ratio should be calculated. If UPC ratio > 0.5, 24-hour urine protein should be obtained and the level should be < 1000 mg/24 hours for patient enrollment.

Quality of Life Correlative Study Inclusion Criteria (Optional):

  1. Age ≥ 3 and < 18 years.
  2. English- or Spanish-speaking.
  3. No known history of a significant neurodevelopmental disorder prior to diagnosis of LGG (e.g., Down syndrome, Fragile X, William's Syndrome, mental retardation). Patients with NF1 are not excluded.
  4. No significant motor or sensory impairment that would prevent computer use and perception of the visual and auditory test stimuli.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Children under 6 months of age.
  2. Pregnant or lactating women.
  3. Use of any investigational agent, systemic, targeted or immunotherapy prior to the first dose of study treatment.
  4. Any bleeding diathesis or significant coagulopathy at risk of bleeding (i.e. in the absence of therapeutic anticoagulation).
  5. Patients with evidence of new symptomatic CNS hemorrhage (> grade I) on baseline MRI.
  6. Any significant cardiovascular disease, e.g. aortic aneurysm requiring surgical repair or recent arterial thrombosis, CVAs, transient ischemic attacks (TIAs), and systemic hypertension (i.e., a systolic and diastolic BP ≥ 95th percentile for age, sex), prior history of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy or stroke, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia within 6 months prior to the baseline visit.
  7. Any previous venous thromboembolism Grade 3 or higher (NCI CTCAE v. 4.03).
  8. History of abdominal fistula, GI perforation, intra-abdominal abscess or active GI bleeding within 6 months prior to the first study treatment.
  9. Unresolved infection.
  10. An active peptic or duodenal ulcer.
  11. Major surgical procedure (see Table 2), brain surgery, open biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to registration or the anticipation of the need for major (elective) surgery during the course of the study treatment.
  12. Intermediate surgical procedure (see Table 2) within 2 weeks of registration.
  13. Minor surgical procedures (see Table 2) within 3 days prior to the start of treatment (including the placement of a central line, including PICC line). Insertion of a port-a-cath will require a 7 days interval prior to the start of treatment.
  14. Non-healing surgical wound.
  15. A bone fracture that has not satisfactorily healed.
  16. Concomitant use of the following:

    • Aspirin (> 325mg/day) within 10 days of the Baseline Visit
    • Clopidogrel (> 75mg/day) within 10 days of the Baseline Visit
    • Use of therapeutic oral or parenteral anticoagulants or thrombolytic agents for therapeutic purposes with INR and aPTT outside therapeutic standards according to institutional guidelines within 10 days of first dose of Bevacizumab. Note: The use of full-dose oral or parenteral anticoagulants is permitted as long as the INR or aPTT is within therapeutic limits (according to the medical standard of the institution) and the patient has been on a stable dose of anticoagulants for at least two weeks at the time of the Baseline Visit. Prophylactic use of anticoagulants is allowed.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02840409


Contacts
Contact: Kristine Van Sickle, HBSc., CCRP 416-673-8156 Kristine.VanSickle@ozmosisresearch.ca

Locations
Canada, Ontario
The Hospital for Sick Children Recruiting
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 1X8
Contact: Ute Bartels, MD    416-813-5249    ute.bartels@sickkids.ca   
Contact: Nicole Sarvaria    416-813-5055    nicole.sarvaria@sickkids.ca   
Sub-Investigator: Uri Tabori, MD         
Principal Investigator: Ute Bartels, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Annie Huang, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Vijay Ramaswamy, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Hospital for Sick Children
Hoffmann-La Roche
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ute Bartels, MD The Hospital for Sick Children
  More Information

Responsible Party: Ute Bartels, Staff Physician, Paediatric Neuro-Oncology Program, The Hospital for Sick Children
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02840409     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1000052116
First Submitted: January 28, 2016
First Posted: July 21, 2016
Last Update Posted: September 20, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Glioma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Bevacizumab
Vinblastine
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action