Sentinel Lymph Node Dissection (SLND) in Patients With Apparent Early Stage Endometrial Cancer
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02834988|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 15, 2016
Last Update Posted : April 16, 2019
The investigators hypothesize that SLND (unlike lymphadenectomy) decreases complications such as hemorrhage, lower extremity lymphedema and lymphocyst formation while enhancing quality of life in EC patients with low risk for nodal involvement.
The investigators also hypothesize that SLND is an effective method of staging these patients. Studies have shown that SLN mapping identifies positive lymph nodes in women with newly diagnosed EC and this prognostic information obtained from SLND could guide selection of adjuvant treatment and improve overall survival.
Using SLND as an alternative to lymphadenectomy may also have additional medical and economic impacts, such as, decreasing prolonged hospitalization and associated costs by shortening overall surgery duration.
|Condition or disease|
This is a non-interventional prospective chart review evaluating the clinical utility of SLND for detecting nodal metastasis of early stage endometrial cancer through data collection.
Patients who are scheduled to undergo standard-of-care (SOC) surgical staging for EC (sentinel lymph node dissection (SLND) via laparotomy, laparoscopy or robotic surgery, ±hysterectomy, ±bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO)) (pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy may (or may not) also be performed in addition to SLND) will be approached for consent. After these patients have completed the above SOC surgical procedures, research staff will review and collect data from their medical charts. For the subset of these patients who are found, during their SOC surgery, to have positive nodes, research staff will continue to review and collect data from their medical charts after their standard of care follow-up visits with their oncologist
All of the patients enrolled on this trial are those who were scheduled to have their sentinel lymph nodes (SLN) removed; that is, all patients enrolled on this trial were consented by the research team because they were already scheduled to undergo sentinel lymph node dissection (SLND) via laparotomy, laparoscopy or robotic surgery, ±hysterectomy, ±bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO)). As part of this same SOC surgery, some of these patients also may have undergone pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy in addition to SLND.
Within the research database built for this study, patients will be classified into risk strata (either low or high risk EC) as per the Modified Mayo Criteria. This classification will be partly based on the SOC post-surgical International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging. To establish progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), research staff will intermittently perform medical chart reviews for only those patients with nodal metastasis for a minimum of 2 years (maximum of 6 years).
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||60 participants|
|Official Title:||The Validity of Sentinel Lymph Node Dissection (SLND) in Patients With Apparent Early Stage Endometrial Cancer (EC)|
|Actual Study Start Date :||July 28, 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||January 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||January 2022|
Patients scheduled to have their sentinel lymph nodes removed, as part of standard of care.
- SLND Positivity Rate in Study Participants [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]The rate of SLND positivity rate overall and by risk group in patients with clinically apparent early-stage EC. EC patients will be classified as high or low risk group based on the modified Mayo Criteria (Mariani A 2008, Milam 2012).
- Rate of NPV and FNPV of the SLND Procedure in Study Participants Who Undergo Partial or Full Lymphadenectomy. [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]The rate of the negative predictive value (NPV) and its complement the false negative predictive value (FNPV) rate of the SLND procedure in the subset of patients who also undergo partial or full lymphadenectomy. Negative Predictive Value (NPV) will be calculated by dividing the number of true negatives by the total number of patients with a negative SLN (false negatives and true negatives. False Negative Predictive Value (FNPV) rate will be calculated as the number false negatives divided by all patients without nodal metastasis (the number of false negatives and true negatives). FNPV rate is also known as the False Omission Rate (FOR); FNPV is the complement of NPV.
- Proportion of Types of Lymph Node Metastases Described by SLND in Study Participants [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]Proportion of type(s) of lymph node metastases (isolated tumor cells (ITC), micrometastases, or macrometastases) described by SLND in true positive (TP) and false negative (FN) patients. True positives (TPs) are those patients with positive SLN who also have nodal metastasis. False negatives (FNs) are those patients with negative SLN who have nodal metastasis.
- Comparison of Nodal Positivity Rates and the Pathologic Protocol for Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsies. [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]The investigators will compare nodal positivity rates using sentinel lymph node biopsies, and the pathologic protocol for sentinel lymph node biopsies. Positivity rates will be correlated to traditional pathologic factors, including grade, depth of invasion, lymphovascular space invasion, cervical involvement, and histology. Once this information is collected, the investigators will try to assess rates of sentinel lymph node positivity, and its association with these factors.
- Rate of Progression-Free Survival in Study Participants With Nodal Metastasis [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]The rate of progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with nodal metastasis. Progression-Free Survival is defined as the length of time from the date of first dose of study treatment until date of disease progression or death due to any cause, whichever comes first.
- Rate of Overall Survival in Study Participants With Nodal Metastasis [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]The rate of overall survival (OS) in patients with nodal metastasis. Overall survival is defined as the length of time from either the date of first dose of study treatment until death due to any cause.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02834988
|Contact: Brian Slomovitz, MDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, Florida|
|University of Miami||Recruiting|
|Miami, Florida, United States, 33136|
|Contact: Brian Slomovitz, MD 305-243-2233 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Brian Slomovitz, MD|
|Principal Investigator:||Brian Slomovitz, MD||University of Miami|