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The TRUST Study - CardioVascular Imaging IMT

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02832934
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 14, 2016
Last Update Posted : February 28, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University of Lausanne Hospitals
University Hospital, Geneva
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital Inselspital, Berne

Brief Summary:
Coronary heart disease (CHD) are the leading causes of mortality and morbidity, particularly with the current context of an aging population. Prospective cohort studies, as well as analyses of pooled individual participant data suggest up to a 60-90% increase in the risk of CHD or HF events among adults with severe SHypo. However, no large randomized controlled trials (RCT) have assessed the impact of thyroid replacement on cardiovascular (CV) imaging outcomes. The goals of this proposal are to address the impact of thyroid replacement on subclinical atherosclerosis. The investigators will conduct a RCT in 185 patients with subclinical hypothyroidism who will be randomly assigned to thyroxine or placebo with an average follow-up of 24 months from baseline. The main outcome will be CV imaging modalities measured by carotid ultrasound at the close-out visit. Assessment of the impact of thyroid replacement on subclinical atherosclerosis within a trial will aid decisions and evidence-based guidelines development to treat a potential modifiable risk factor, such as SHypo.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Thyroid Dysfunction Atherosclerosis Heart Failure Drug: Levothyroxine Drug: Placebo Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) and heart failure (HF) are the leading causes of mortality and morbidity, particularly with the current context of an aging population. Subclinical hypothyroidism (SHypo), defined as elevated serum TSH levels with normal thyroxine values, is common in older adults (5-10%). Prospective cohort studies, as well as analyses of pooled individual participant data suggest up to a 60-90% increase in the risk of CHD or HF events among adults with severe SHypo. However, no large randomized controlled trials (RCT) have assessed the impact of thyroid replacement on cardiovascular (CV) imaging outcomes (largest trial to date: 45 participants). Imaging endpoints are especially well-suited for early trials with investigational therapies for HF treatment and prevention, as well as validated and strong surrogate markers of clinical outcomes.

Specific Aims: The goals of this proposal are to address the impact of thyroid replacement on subclinical atherosclerosis.

Methods: The investigators will conduct a RCT in 185 patients with subclinical hypothyroidism who will be randomly assigned to thyroxine or placebo with an average follow-up of 24 months from baseline (4 death and 17 withdrawal). The main outcome will be CV imaging modalities measured by carotid ultrasound at the close-out visit. Ultrasound of carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) will be used to assess subclinical atherosclerosis and plaque burden. All images will be centralized at the core lab for a blinded and standardized interpretation.

Expected value of the proposed project: Controversies persist regarding the indications for screening and treatment of SHypo due to the lack of an appropriately powered RCT addressing the impact of thyroid replacement on CV outcomes. Assessment of the impact of thyroid replacement on subclinical atherosclerosis within a trial will aid decisions and evidence-based guidelines development to treat a potential modifiable risk factor, such as SHypo. The strengths of this study include the combination of: 1) High feasibility of the project in collaboration with the largest RCT on SHypo making it possible to investigate the mechanisms of associations with CV disease; 2) Innovative project with combined CV imaging to assess subclinical atherosclerosis with thyroid replacement therapy vs. placebo; 3) Excellent power given the large sample size and participants' older age. The sample size for this proposal will be 5-fold higher than previous small trials of thyroid replacement on CV outcomes and is comparable to statin trials showing a positive impact on CIMT. The collaboration of CV imaging modalities expertise with the ongoing largest trial on SHypo, is a unique opportunity to address the clinical and scientific issue of the impact of SHypo on the CV system.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 184 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Impact of Thyroid Hormone Replacement on Progression of Atherosclerosis : a Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial in Older Adults With Subclinical Hypothyroidism.
Study Start Date : June 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
The intervention will start with Levothyroxine 50 mcg daily (reduced to 25 mcg in subjects <50 kg of body weight or if known coronary heart disease - previous myocardial infarction or symptoms of angina pectoris) vs. matching placebo; at 3 months, if the serum TSH level is <0.4 mU/L, dose will be reduced by 25 mcg; TSH >=0.4 and <4.6 mU/L, no change to dose; TSH >=4.6 mU/L, additional 25 mcg. The process will be repeated at 12 months, then annually; mock titration will be performed in the placebo group. The maximum possible dose of Levothyroxine which will be prescribed is 150 mcg (after 4 increments of 25 mcg at 3 months, 1, 2, 3 years; from the starting dose of 50 mcg).
Drug: Levothyroxine
The intervention will start with Levothyroxine 50 mcg daily (reduced to 25 mcg in subjects <50 kg of body weight or if known coronary heart disease - previous myocardial infarction or symptoms of angina pectoris) vs. matching placebo; at 3 months, if the serum TSH level is <0.4 mU/L, dose will be reduced by 25 mcg; TSH >=0.4 and <4.6 mU/L, no change to dose; TSH >=4.6 mU/L, additional 25 mcg. The process will be repeated at 12 months, then annually; mock titration will be performed in the placebo group. The maximum possible dose of Levothyroxine which will be prescribed is 150 mcg (after 4 increments of 25 mcg at 3 months, 1, 2, 3 years; from the starting dose of 50 mcg).

Placebo Comparator: 2
Control patients will obtain a placebo pill of the same characteristics as the intervention drug, and mock titration will be carried out identically to the intervention drug. Pharmaceutical composition of placebo (100 mg): Lactose monohydrate 66 mg, Maize starch 25 mg, Gelatin 5 mg, Croscarmellose sodium 3.5 mg, Magnesium stearate (vegetable source) 0.5 mg.
Drug: Placebo
Control patients will obtain a placebo pill of the same characteristics as the intervention drug, and mock titration will be carried out identically to the intervention drug. Pharmaceutical composition of placebo (100 mg): Lactose monohydrate 66 mg, Maize starch 25 mg, Gelatin 5 mg, Croscarmellose sodium 3.5 mg, Magnesium stearate (vegetable source) 0.5 mg.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Carotid Intima Media Thickness as measured by carotid ultrasound [ Time Frame: one year follow up ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years and older   (Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Community-dwelling patients aged >= 65 years with subclinical hypothyroidism
  • Written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects currently under levothyroxine or antithyroid drugs (amiodarone, lithium)
  • Recent thyroid surgery or radio-iodine (within 12 months)
  • Grade IV NYHA heart failure
  • Prior clinical diagnosis of dementia
  • Recent hospitalization for major illness or elective surgery (within 4 weeks)
  • Terminal illness
  • Patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption
  • Subjects who are participating in ongoing RCTs of therapeutic interventions (including CTIMPs)
  • Plan to move out of the region in which the trial is being conducted within the next 2 years (proposed minimum follow-up period)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02832934


Locations
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Switzerland
Department of General Internal Medicine
Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland, 1011
Clinic for General Internal Medicine, Bern University Hospital Bern
Bern, Switzerland, 3010
Cardiology Division, Geneva University Hospitals
Geneva, Switzerland, 1211
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital Inselspital, Berne
University of Lausanne Hospitals
University Hospital, Geneva
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Nicolas Rodondi, MD MAS Clinic for General Internal Medicine, Bern University Hospital Bern

Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University Hospital Inselspital, Berne
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02832934     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 162/11_5
974a ( Other Grant/Funding Number: VELUX STIFTUNG )
First Posted: July 14, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 28, 2017
Last Verified: February 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Keywords provided by University Hospital Inselspital, Berne:
Thyroid Dysfunction
Atherosclerosis
Heart Failure
Cardiovascular Imaging
Randomized Controlled Trial
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Heart Failure
Atherosclerosis
Thyroid Diseases
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Carboxymethylcellulose Sodium
Laxatives
Gastrointestinal Agents