The Effect of Prebiotic Synergy1 Supplementation on Microbiota, Protein Metabolism and Gastrointestinal (GI) Symptoms in People Consuming High Protein Diet (ITF)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02827760|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 11, 2016
Last Update Posted : October 25, 2017
The composition and metabolism of human gut microbiota play crucial roles in health. Microbial colonisation of the gastrointestinal tract varies widely, with the large intestine having not only the highest density of microbes in terms of bacterial cells per gram but also the most metabolically active microbial community. Genetics, mode of birth, infant feeding patterns, antibiotic usage, sanitary living conditions and long term dietary habits contribute towards shaping the composition of the gut microbiome. Diet clearly has a major impact on variation in the gut microbiota composition, and this can be detected in faecal samples after only a few days. The bacterial metabolism of dietary components produces much chemical diversity in the large intestine with protective or detrimental effects on disease development.
Dietary protein levels are relatively high in western European populations, up to 103g/d, as reported by Food and Agriculture Organization. This may result in high levels, entering the large gut where it can become a substrate for proteolytic bacteria. Protein specifically can provide nutrition for microorganisms but metabolites from bacterial protein breakdown can be detrimental. Protein intake from the diet might not be the only source of microbial proteolysis; the human body also secretes considerable amounts of protein into the digestive lumen which can potentially be used by the microflora. On the contrary, end products of carbohydrate metabolism can be positive for health. In this context, prebiotics are carbohydrates that are resistant to digestion and can become available for bacteria in the colon to produce short chain fatty acids and inhibit the production of harmful metabolites. A switch towards more carbohydrate metabolism in the colon, at the expense of proteolysis therefore has positive capacity through the production of more benign metabolites.
Rationale for design Prebiotics are dietary ingredients that target carbohydrate digesting bacteria only. Given the high intake levels of protein in Western populations, they may be useful to modulate the composition/activity of the microbial gut ecology for improved health.
Among prebiotic nutrients, inulin-type fructans (ITF) are well characterized and their administration promotes growth of beneficial microorganisms like Bifidobacterium spp. .These microorganisms are involved in the reduction of intestinal endotoxin concentration, improve glucose tolerance, exert benefits upon immune function and inhibit pathogens. In healthy individuals, ITF intake promotes satiety and modulates gut peptides regulating food intake.
The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of inulin-type fructans (ITF) on the negative consequences of colonic fermentation in individuals consuming high protein diets. The hypothesis to be tested is that their action promotes carbohydrate degrading bacteria at the expense of protein utilisers.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Gut Microbiota||Dietary Supplement: Synergy1 Dietary Supplement: Maltodextrin||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||50 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Crossover Assignment|
|Masking:||Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Primary Purpose:||Supportive Care|
|Official Title:||The Effect of Prebiotic Synergy1 Supplementation on Microbiota, Protein Metabolism and Gastrointestinal (GI) Symptoms in People Consuming High Protein Diet|
|Actual Study Start Date :||July 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||June 2017|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||June 2017|
Placebo Comparator: Maltodextrin DE19
Dietary Supplement: Maltodextrin
Active Comparator: Prebiotic Synergy1
Dietary Supplement: Synergy1
Inulin type fructans
- Changes on the faecal microbiota composition by fluorescence in situ hybridisation [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Changes in faecal bacterial populations will be assessed through the use of fluorescence in situ hybridisation with molecular probes targeting 16S rRNA genes. Genotypic probes targeting the predominant components of the gut microflora (Bacteroides, Bifidobacterium, Clostridium, Lactobacillus, Eubacterium, Atopobacterium, sulphate reducing bacteria and enterobacteria) and total bacteria will be tagged with fluorescent markers such that quantifiable changes may be determined.
- Effect on faecal microbiota activity using NMR [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Relative abundance of various metabolites will be analysed by Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR).
- Changes in faecal water short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) using gas chromatography [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Concentrations of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) will be quantified using gas chromatography (GC).
- Daily assessment of stools consistency [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Stool consistency will be scored based on Bristol chart.
- Daily assessment of gastrointestinal symptoms [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Number of abnormal pain, bloating or flatulence will be recorded.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02827760
|Food and Nutritional sciences|
|Reading, Berkshire, United Kingdom, RG6 6UR|