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Efficacy and Safety of Oral Semaglutide Versus Placebo in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes and Moderate Renal Impairment (PIONEER 5)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02827708
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 11, 2016
Results First Posted : February 17, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 17, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novo Nordisk A/S

Brief Summary:
This trial is conducted globally. The aim of this trial is to investigate efficacy and safety of oral semaglutide versus placebo in subjects with type 2 diabetes and moderate renal impairment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetes Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Drug: semaglutide Drug: placebo Phase 3

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 324 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy and Safety of Oral Semaglutide Versus Placebo in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes and Moderate Renal Impairment
Actual Study Start Date : September 20, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 10, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : May 15, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Semaglutide

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Semaglutide Drug: semaglutide
Oral administration once daily.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: placebo
Oral administration once daily.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in HbA1c [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) was evaluated at week 26. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product. The endpoint was also evaluated based on the data from the on-treatment without rescue medication observation period, which was the time period when a participant was on treatment with trial product, excluding any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature trial product discontinuation.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Body Weight (kg) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in body weight was evaluated at week 26. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product. The endpoint was also evaluated based on the data from the on-treatment without rescue medication observation period, which was the time period when a participant was on treatment with trial product, excluding any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature trial product discontinuation.

  2. Change in FPG [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in fasting plasma glucose (FPG) was evaluated at week 26. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  3. Change in Body Weight (%) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ]
    Relative change from baseline (week 0) in body weight (kg) was evaluated at week 26. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  4. Change in BMI [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in body mass index (BMI) was evaluated at week 26. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  5. Change in Waist Circumference [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in waist circumference was evaluated at week 26. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  6. Participants Who Achieve HbA1c <7.0% (53 mmol/Mol), ADA Target (Yes/no) [ Time Frame: Week 26 ]
    Participants who achieved HbA1c <7.0% (American Diabetes Association (ADA) target) (yes/no), was evaluated at week 26. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  7. Participants Who Achieve HbA1c ≤6.5% (48 mmol/Mol), AACE Target (Yes/no) [ Time Frame: Week 26 ]
    Participants who achieved HbA1c ≤6.5% (American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) target) (yes/no), was evaluated at week 26. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  8. Participants Who Achieve Weight Loss ≥5% (Yes/no) [ Time Frame: Week 26 ]
    Participants who achieved weight loss ≥5% of their baseline body weight (yes/no) was evaluated at week 26. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  9. Participants Who Achieve Weight Loss ≥10% (Yes/no) [ Time Frame: Week 26 ]
    Participants who achieved weight loss of ≥10% of their baseline body weight (yes/no) was evaluated at week 26. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  10. Participants Who Achieve HbA1c <7.0 % (53 mmol/Mol) Without Hypoglycaemia (Severe or BG Confirmed Symptomatic Hypoglycaemia) and no Weight Gain (Yes/no) [ Time Frame: Week 26 ]
    Participants who achieved HbA1c <7.0 % without severe or blood glucose (BG) confirmed symptomatic hypoglycaemia and without weight gain (yes/no) was evaluated at week 26. Severe hypoglycaemia was defined as an episode requiring assistance of another person to actively administer carbohydrate or glucagon, or take other corrective actions. BG-confirmed symptomatic hypoglycaemia was defined as an episode with plasma glucose value <3.1 mmol/L with symptoms consistent with hypoglycaemia. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  11. Participants Who Achieve HbA1c Reduction ≥1% (10.9 mmol/Mol) and Weight Loss ≥3% (Yes/no) [ Time Frame: Week 26 ]
    Participants who achieved HbA1c reduction ≥1% and weight loss of ≥3% (yes/no) was evaluated at week 26. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  12. Change in Total Cholesterol (Ratio to Baseline) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in total cholesterol (mmol/L) at week 26 is presented as ratio to baseline. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  13. Change in LDL Cholesterol (Ratio to Baseline) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (mmol/L) at week 26 is presented as ratio to baseline. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  14. Change in HDL Cholesterol (Ratio to Baseline) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (mmol/L) at week 26 is presented as ratio to baseline. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  15. Change in Triglycerides (Ratio to Baseline) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in triglycerides (mmol/L) at week 26 is presented as ratio to baseline. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  16. Change in CRP (Ratio to Baseline) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in C-reactive protein (CRP) (mg/L) at week 26 is presented as ratio to baseline. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  17. Time to Additional Anti-diabetic Medication [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-26 ]
    Presented results are the number of participants who had taken additional anti-diabetic medication anytime during the period, from week 0 to week 26. Additional anti-diabetic medication was defined as any new anti-diabetic medication used for more than 21 days with the initiation at or after randomisation (week 0) and before (planned) end-of-treatment (week 26), and/or intensification of anti-diabetic medication (a more than 20% increase in dose relative to baseline) for more than 21 days with the intensification at or after randomisation and before (planned) end-of-treatment. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  18. Time to Rescue Medication [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-26 ]
    Presented results are the number of participants who had taken rescue medication anytime during the period, from week 0 to week 26. Rescue medication was defined as any new anti-diabetic medication used as add-on to trial product and used for more than 21 days with the initiation at or after randomisation (week 0) and before last day on trial product, and/or intensification of anti-diabetic medication (a more than 20% increase in dose relative to baseline) for more than 21 days with the intensification at or after randomisation and before last day on trial product. Results are based on the data from the on-treatment without rescue medication observation period, which was the time period when a participant was on treatment with trial product, excluding any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature trial product discontinuation.

  19. Number of TEAEs [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-31 ]
    Treatment emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were recorded from week 0 to week 31 (26 weeks treatment period + 5 weeks follow-up period). Adverse events (AEs) with onset during the on-treatment observation period were considered treatment-emergent. On-treatment observation period was defined as the time period when a participant was on treatment with trial product, including any period after initiation of rescue medication.

  20. Number of Treatment-emergent Severe or BG-confirmed Symptomatic Hypoglycaemic Episodes [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-31 ]
    Treatment emergent severe or BG-confirmed symptomatic hypoglycaemic episodes were recorded from week 0 to week 31 (26 weeks treatment period + 5 weeks follow-up period). Hypoglycaemic episodes with onset during the first dose of trial product until last dose of trial product were considered treatment -emergent. Severe or BG-confirmed symptomatic hypoglycaemia was defined as an episode, that is severe according to the ADA classification or BG-confirmed by a plasma glucose value <3.1 mmol/L with symptoms consistent with hypoglycaemia. Results are based on the data from the on-treatment observation period which was the time period when a participant was on treatment with trial product, including any period after initiation of rescue medication.

  21. Participants With Treatment-emergent Severe or BG-confirmed Symptomatic Hypoglycaemic Episodes (Yes/no) [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-31 ]
    Number of participants with treatment emergent severe or BG-confirmed symptomatic hypoglycaemic episodes was recorded from week 0 to week 31 (26 weeks treatment period + 5 weeks follow-up period). Hypoglycaemic episodes with onset during the first dose of trial product until last dose of trial product were considered treatment -emergent. Severe or BG-confirmed symptomatic hypoglycaemia was defined as an episode, that is severe according to the ADA classification or BG-confirmed by a plasma glucose value <3.1 mmol/L with symptoms consistent with hypoglycaemia. Results are based on the data from the on-treatment observation period which was the time period when a participant was on treatment with trial product, including any period after initiation of rescue medication.

  22. Change in Amylase (Ratio to Baseline) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in amylase (units/litre (U/L)) at week 26 is presented as ratio to baseline. Results are based on the data from the on-treatment observation period which was the time period when a participant was on treatment with trial product, including any period after initiation of rescue medication.

  23. Change in Lipase (Ratio to Baseline) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in lipase (U/L) at week 26 is presented as ratio to baseline. Results are based on the data from the on-treatment observation period which was the time period when a participant was on treatment with trial product, including any period after initiation of rescue medication.

  24. Change in Pulse Rate [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in pulse rate was evaluated at week 26. Results are based on the data from the on-treatment observation period which was the time period when a participant was on treatment with trial product, including any period after initiation of rescue medication.

  25. Change in Blood Pressure (Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in systolic and diastolic blood pressure was evaluated at week 26. Results are based on the data from the on-treatment observation period which was the time period when a participant was on treatment with trial product, including any period after initiation of rescue medication.

  26. Change in Urinary Albumin to Creatinine Ratio (Ratio to Baseline) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (mg/mmol) at week 26 is presented as ratio to baseline. Results are based on the data from the on-treatment observation period which was the time period when a participant was on treatment with trial product, including any period after initiation of rescue medication.

  27. Change in ECG [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in electrocardiogram (ECG) was evaluated at week 26. Change from baseline results are presented as shift in findings (normal, abnormal and not clinically significant (NCS) and abnormal and clinically significant (CS)) from week 0 to week 26. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  28. Change in Physical Examination [ Time Frame: Week -2, week 26 ]
    Participants with physical examination findings, normal, abnormal NCS and abnormal CS at baseline (week [wk] -2) and wk 26 are presented. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product. Results are presented for the following examinations: 1) Cardiovascular system; 2) Nervous system (central and peripheral); 3) Gastrointestinal system, incl. mouth; 4) General appearance; 5) Head (ears, eyes, nose), throat, neck; 6) Lymph node palpation; 7) Musculoskeletal system; 8) Respiratory system; 9) Skin; 10) Thyroid gland.

  29. Change in Eye Examination [ Time Frame: Week -2, week 26 ]
    Participants with eye examination findings, normal, abnormal NCS and abnormal CS at baseline (week -2) and week 26 are presented. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  30. Occurrence of Anti-semaglutide Binding Antibodies (Yes/no) [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-31 ]
    This outcome measure is only applicable for the oral semaglutide 14 mg treatment arm. Number of participants who measured with anti-semaglutide binding antibodies anytime during post-baseline visits (weeks 0-31) are presented. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  31. Occurrence of Anti-semaglutide Neutralising Antibodies (Yes/no) [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-31 ]
    This outcome measure is only applicable for the oral semaglutide 14 mg treatment arm. Number of participants who measured with anti-semaglutide neutralising antibodies anytime during post-baseline visits (weeks 0-31) are presented. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  32. Occurrence of Anti-semaglutide Binding Antibodies Cross Reacting With Native GLP-1 (Yes/no) [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-31 ]
    This outcome measure is only applicable for the oral semaglutide 14 mg treatment arm. Number of participants who measured with anti-semaglutide binding antibodies cross reacting with native glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) anytime during post-baseline visits (weeks 0-31) are presented. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  33. Occurrence of Anti-semaglutide Neutralising Antibodies Cross Reacting With Native GLP-1 (Yes/no) [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-31 ]
    This outcome measure is only applicable for the oral semaglutide 14 mg treatment arm. Number of participants who measured with anti-semaglutide neutralising antibodies cross reacting with native GLP-1 anytime during post-baseline visits (weeks 0-31) are presented. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  34. Anti-semaglutide Binding Antibody Levels [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-31 ]
    This outcome measure is only applicable for the oral semaglutide 14 mg treatment arm. It is based on the data from participants who were measured with anti-semaglutide antibodies anytime during post-baseline visits (weeks 0-31). Results are presented as percentage of bound radioactivity-labelled semaglutide /total added radioactivity-labelled semaglutide (%B/T). Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product.

  35. Semaglutide Plasma Concentrations for Population PK Analyses [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-26 ]
    This outcome measure is only applicable for the oral semaglutide 14 mg treatment arm. Semaglutide plasma concentrations were measured at weeks 4, 8, 14 and 26. Results are based on the data from the on-treatment observation period which was the time period when a participant was on treatment with trial product, including any period after initiation of rescue medication.

  36. SNAC Plasma Concentrations [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-26 ]
    This outcome measure is only applicable for the oral semaglutide 14 mg treatment arm. Sodium N-[8-(2-hydroxybenzoyl) amino]caprylate (SNAC) plasma concentrations were measured after 25 and 40 minutes post-dose at weeks 4, 14 and 26. Results are based on the data from the on-treatment observation period which was the time period when a participant was on treatment with trial product, including any period after initiation of rescue medication.

  37. Change in Short Form Health Survey Version 2.0 (SF-36v2™, Acute Version) Health Survey: Scores From the 8 Domains and Summaries of the Physical Component Score (PCS) and the Mental Component Score (MCS) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ]
    SF-36 is a 36-item patient-reported survey of patient health that measures the participant's overall health-related quality of life (HRQoL). SF-36v2™ (acute version) questionnaire measured eight domains of functional health and well-being as well as two component summary scores (physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS)). The 0-100 scale scores (where higher scores indicated a better HRQoL) from the SF-36 were converted to norm-based scores to enable a direct interpretation in relation to the distribution of the scores in the 2009 U.S. general population. In the metric of norm-based scores, 50 and 10 corresponds to the mean and standard deviation respectively of the 2009 U.S. general population. Change from baseline (week 0) in the domain scores and component summary (PCS and MCS) scores were evaluated at week 26. A positive change score indicates an improvement since baseline. Results are based on the data from the in-trial observation period.

  38. Change in DTSQs: Individual Items and Treatment Satisfaction Score (6 of the 8 Items Summed) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire - status version (DTSQs) was evaluated at week 26. The DTSQs items are scored on a 7-point graded response scale ranging from 6 to 0. Higher scores indicate higher levels of treatment satisfaction for DTSQs items 1, 4 -8. For items 2 and 3 a higher score indicates a higher patient perceived experience of hyperglycaemia and hypoglycaemia, respectively. Thus, lower scores indicate a perception of blood glucose levels being "none of the time" unacceptably high (item 2) or low (item 3). The domain score of total treatment satisfaction (total treatment satisfaction score) was computed by adding the six items scores 1, 4-8. The score has a minimum of 0 and a maximum of 36. A higher treatment satisfaction score indicates a higher level of treatment satisfaction.

  39. Change in Urinalysis [ Time Frame: Week -2, week 26 ]
    Participants with urinalysis, "leukocytes and erythrocytes" findings, negative, trace, small, moderate or large at baseline (week [wk] 0) and wk 26 are presented. Participants with urinalysis, "nitrit" findings, negative or positive at baseline (wk 0) and wk 26 are presented. Results are based on the data from the on-treatment observation period which was the time period when a participant was on treatment with trial product, including any period after initiation of rescue medication.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Informed consent obtained before any trial-related activities. Trial-related activities are any procedures that are carried out as part of the trial, including activities to determine suitability for the trial
  • Male or female, age above or equal to 18 years at the time of signing informed consent
  • Diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus for at least 90 days prior to day of screening
  • HbA1c (glycosylated haemoglobin) of 7.0-9.5% (53-80 mmol/mol) (both inclusive)
  • Moderate renal impairment defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate of 30-59 mL/min/1.73 m^2 as per Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration formula
  • Stable daily dose(s) within 90 days prior to the day of screening of any of the following treatment regimens:
  • 1-2 of the following oral anti-diabetic drugs:
  • Metformin equal or above 1500 mg or maximum tolerated dose documented in the subject medical record),
  • Sulfonylurea (equal or above half of the maximum approved dose according to local label or maximum tolerated dose as documented in subject medical record)
  • Basal insulin alone (20% change in total daily dose of insulin glargine, insulin detemir, insulin degludec or NPH insulin) or
  • Metformin (equal or above 1500 mg or maximum tolerated dose documented in the subject medical record) in combination with basal insulin (20% change in total daily dose of insulin glargine, insulin detemir, insulin degludec or NPH insulin)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Female who is pregnant, breast-feeding or intends to become pregnant or is of child-bearing potential and not using an adequate contraceptive method (adequate contraceptive measure as required by local regulation or practice). For certain specific countries: Additional specific requirements apply
  • Any disorder, which in the investigator's opinion might jeopardise subject's safety or compliance with the protocol
  • Family or personal history of Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2 or Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma
  • History of pancreatitis (acute or chronic)
  • History of major surgical procedures involving the stomach potentially affecting absorption of trial product (e.g. subtotal and total gastrectomy, sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass surgery)
  • Any of the following: myocardial infarction, stroke or hospitalisation for unstable angina or transient ischaemic attack within the past 180 days prior to the day of screening and randomisation
  • Subjects presently classified as being in New York Heart Association Class IV
  • Planned coronary, carotid or peripheral artery revascularisation known on the day of screening
  • Subjects with alanine aminotransferase above 2.5 x upper normal limit
  • Rapidly progressing renal disease (e.g. such as acute glomerulonephritis) as judged by the investigator or known nephrotic albuminuria (above 2200 mg/24 hours or above 2200 mg/g)
  • Use of systemic immunosuppressive treatment within 90 days prior to screening
  • Treatment with any medication for the indication of diabetes or obesity other than stated in the inclusion criteria in a period of 90 days before the day of screening. An exception is short-term insulin treatment for acute illness for a total of below or equal to 14 days
  • Known hypoglycaemic unawareness and/or recurrent severe hypoglycaemic episodes as judged by the investigator
  • Proliferative retinopathy or maculopathy requiring acute treatment. Verified by fundus photography or dilated fundoscopy performed within 90 days prior to randomisation
  • History or presence of malignant neoplasms within the last 5 years (except basal and squamous cell skin cancer and carcinoma in situ)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02827708


Locations
Show Show 117 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novo Nordisk A/S
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Novo Nordisk A/S:
Study Protocol  [PDF] December 13, 2018
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] December 13, 2018

Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Novo Nordisk A/S
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02827708    
Other Study ID Numbers: NN9924-4234
2015-005326-19 ( EudraCT Number )
U1111-1176-9230 ( Other Identifier: WHO )
First Posted: July 11, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 17, 2020
Last Update Posted: February 17, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: According to Novo Nordisk disclosure commitment on novonordisk-trials.com

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases