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Trial record 1 of 9 for:    X4P-001
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X4P-001 and Pembrolizumab in Patients With Advanced Melanoma (X4P-001-MELA)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02823405
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 6, 2016
Last Update Posted : July 7, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
X4 Pharmaceuticals

Brief Summary:
The goals of this protocol are 1) to investigate the safety and tolerability of X4P-001 in combination with Keytruda® (pembrolizumab) in patients with advanced melanoma, and 2) to assess serial biopsies of melanoma tumor lesions obtained throughout the study for inflammatory and tumor cell infiltrates. After completion of study treatment, participants with resectable disease will undergo surgery, unresectable participants may continue on pembrolizumab as standard of care.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Melanoma Drug: X4P-001 Drug: Pembrolizumab Phase 1

Detailed Description:

X4P-001 is an orally bioavailable CXCR4 antagonist that has demonstrated activity in various tumor models. CXCR4 (C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4) is the receptor for CXCL12 (C-X-C chemokine ligand type 12). CXCL12 has potent chemotactic activity for lymphocytes and MDSCs (myeloid-derived suppressor cells), and is important in homing of hematopoietic stem cells to the bone marrow. CXCR4 is also expressed and active on multiple types of human cancers, including melanoma, ccRCC, and ovarian cancer. Additionally, increased expression of CXCR4 on tumor cells has been associated with significantly decreased overall participant survival.

In animal cancer models, interference with CXCR4 function has been demonstrated to disrupt the tumor microenvironment (TME) and unmask the tumor to immune attack by multiple mechanisms, including:

  • Decreasing the infiltration of MDSCs
  • Increasing the ratio of CD8+ T cells to Treg cells
  • Eliminating tumor re-vascularization

Pembrolizumab is a humanized IgG4 kappa monoclonal antibody that blocks the interaction between PD-1 and its ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2. Pembrolizumab is currently approved for the treatment of unresectable or metastatic melanoma. Analysis of tumor samples before and during treatment in an earlier study demonstrated that a clinical response was associated with an increase in the density of CD8+ T cells in the tumor parenchyma (center), while disease progression was associated with persistent low levels of those cells. In an autochthonous murine model of pancreatic adenocarcinoma, persistent tumor growth despite administration of anti-PD-L1 was similarly associated with failure of tumor-specific cytotoxic T cells to enter the TME despite their presence in the peripheral circulation. This immunosuppressed phenotype was associated with CXCL12 production by cancer-associated fibroblasts. Moreover, administration of a CXCR4 antagonist (AMD3100) induced rapid T-cell accumulation among the cancer cells and, in combination with anti-PD-L1, synergistically decreased tumor growth.

Based on these observations, the hypothesis is that effective CXCR4 antagonism by X4P-001 would be of potential benefit in participants with advanced melanoma and other cancers by multiple mechanisms, resulting in increased anti-tumor immune attack.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 16 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1b Trial of X4P-001 Alone and With Pembrolizumab in Patients With Advanced Melanoma
Actual Study Start Date : September 15, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 15, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : March 15, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus Genetics related topics: Melanoma
MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: X4P-001 + Pembrolizumab
X4P-001 alone, then adding pembrolizumab
Drug: X4P-001
X4P-001 100 mg capsules, administered orally, continuous daily dosing
Other Name: AMD11070

Drug: Pembrolizumab
Pembrolizumab 2 mg/kg, administered by IV infusion every 3 weeks
Other Name: Keytruda

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (Safety and Tolerability) [ Time Frame: Up to 13 weeks, from time of enrollment through study completion or early termination. ]
  2. Histology Characterization in Sequential Biopsies of Melanoma Lesions [ Time Frame: Up to 13 weeks, from time of enrollment through study completion or early termination. ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Blood Biomarker Changes [ Time Frame: Up to 17 weeks, from time of screening through study completion or early termination. ]
  2. Minimum Plasma Concentration (Cmin) [ Time Frame: Up to 9 weeks, from time of enrollment through end of treatment. ]
  3. Clinical Tumor Response [ Time Frame: Up to 17 weeks, from time of screening through study completion or early termination. ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

To be eligible for this study, a patient must meet all of the following inclusion criteria:

  1. Be at least 18 years of age.
  2. Has signed the current approved informed consent form.
  3. Has a histologically confirmed diagnosis of malignant melanoma.
  4. Has at least two separate cutaneous lesions suitable for punch biopsies (at least 3 mm diameter).
  5. For women of childbearing potential and men, agree to use a highly effective method of contraceptive from screening, through the study, and for at least 4 weeks after the last dose of study drug.
  6. For women of childbearing potential, must have a negative pregnancy test (serum or urine) on Day 1 prior to initiating study treatment, and are not nursing.
  7. Be willing and able to comply with the schedule, treatment, and biopsies specified by this protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients with any of the following will be excluded from participation in the study:

  1. Has performance status Grade 2 or higher (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group [ECOG] criteria).
  2. Has ongoing acute clinical adverse events NCI CTCAE Grade 2 or greater resulting from prior cancer therapies (except alopecia).
  3. Has had within the past 6 months the occurrence or persistence of one or more of the following medical conditions that could not be controlled with usual medical care (e.g., required emergency care or hospitalization): angina, congestive heart failure, diabetes, seizure disorder.
  4. Has had within the past 6 months the occurrence of one or more of the following events: myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident, hemorrhage (CTC Grade 3 or 4), chronic liver disease (meeting criteria for Child-Pugh Class B or C), a second active malignancy requiring ongoing treatment during the trial, organ transplantation.
  5. Has had within the 4 weeks prior to initiation of study drug, or is expected to have during the study period, surgery requiring general anesthesia
  6. Has, at screening, serologic laboratory tests meeting one or more of the following criteria:

    • An indeterminate or positive test for antibody to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1 or -2).
    • An indeterminate or positive test for antibody to hepatitis C virus (HCV), unless documented to have no detectable viral load on two independent samples.
    • A positive test for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg).
  7. Has, at screening, safety laboratory tests meeting one or more of the following criteria:

    • Hemoglobin <9.0 g/dL
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) <1,500/μL
    • Platelets <100,000/μL
    • Creatinine >2.0x ULN
    • Serum aspartate transaminase (AST) >3x ULN
    • Serum alanine transaminase (ALT) >3x ULN
    • Total bilirubin >1.5x ULN (unless due to Gilbert's Syndrome)
    • International normalized ratio (INR) >1.5x ULN (unless on therapeutic anti-coagulation).
  8. Has been previously treated with approved or investigational immunotherapy including oncolytic viruses, or agents directed at CTLA-4, PD-1, or PD-L1 ("checkpoint inhibitors").
  9. Has previously received other anti-cancer therapy within 2 weeks prior to Day 1, including radiation therapy or chemotherapy. For investigational anti-cancer therapies, the interval will be determined in consultation with the Medical Monitor.
  10. Has, within 2 weeks prior to Day 1, been regularly taking a medication prohibited based on CYP3A4 interaction.
  11. Has, at the planned initiation of study drug, an uncontrolled infection.
  12. Has any other medical or personal condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, may potentially compromise the safety or compliance of the patient, or may preclude the patient's successful completion of the clinical trial.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02823405

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United States, Georgia
Clinical Site
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
United States, Iowa
Clinical Site
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
United States, Texas
Clinical Site
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United States, Utah
Clinical Site
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84112
Sponsors and Collaborators
X4 Pharmaceuticals
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Study Director: Lu Gan, MD, PhD X4 Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
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Responsible Party: X4 Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02823405    
Other Study ID Numbers: X4P-001-MELA
First Posted: July 6, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 7, 2020
Last Verified: July 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by X4 Pharmaceuticals:
Advance malignancy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents