Prostate Artery Embolization for Symptomatic Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02822924
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 6, 2016
Last Update Posted : September 7, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Simon Yu, Chinese University of Hong Kong

Brief Summary:
The objective is to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of PAE in treating patients with BPH.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Benign Prostate Hyperplasia Procedure: Prostate artery embolization (PAE) Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), non-malignant enlargement of the prostate, is a common condition among elderly men with a prevalence increasing with age. When sufficiently large, the hyperplastic nodules compress the urethral canal to cause obstruction of the urethra and interfere the normal flow of urine, leading to symptoms of urinary hesitancy, frequent urination, increased risk of urinary tract infections and urinary retention. While medication is often prescribed as the first treatment option, it often does not adequately restore normal urine flow. Many patients being treated with medication may not achieve sustained improvement in symptoms, or they may stop taking the medication because of side effects, therefore other forms of treatments may be necessary. Although surgery with transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) is a benchmark for BPH treatment, it involves insertion of an endoscope is inserted through the penis, and removal of the prostate piece by piece. While considered a safe technique with a mortality rate below 0.25%, it is not without adverse events. The most frequent complications are ejaculatory disorders (up to 80%), early urinary incontinence (30 to 40%), acute urinary retention caused by blood clots (2 to 5%), sexual impotence (up to 5%), and the need for blood transfusions (0.4 to 7%). Patients who have undergone TURP require surgical retreatment for lower urinary tract symptoms in 3 to 14.5% of cases. Others include infection and urethral stricture. Therefore TURP is only recommended for complicated or severe BPH due to its adverse effects. Prostatic artery embolization (PAE) is a potentially promising, minimally invasive alternative procedure for BPH. Results from early studies showed that PAE might be a safe and effective treatment for BPH.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 80 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Prostate Artery Embolization for Symptomatic Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Study Start Date : April 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Prostate artery embolization treatment
Prostatic artery embolization (PAE) as a new treatment technology is a potentially promising, minimally invasive alternative procedure for BPH, which has been shown to be safe and effective in both animal models and clinical trials.
Procedure: Prostate artery embolization (PAE)
Right femoral arterial puncture is performed under local anesthesia. The blood supply to the prostate is mapped by angiography of the iliac vessels and the prostate arteries. Microcatheters are used for super-selective catheterization of the right and left inferior vesicle arteries. Embolization is performed with a microcatheter to deliver microspheres of 300 micron diameter. The microsphere mixture is slowly injected under fluoroscopic guidance. The endpoint of embolization is flow stasis in the prostatic vessels with prostatic gland opacification, without reflux of the mixture to undesired arteries.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. successful procedure [ Time Frame: within 1 hour after PAE procedure ]
    Procedure success defined as technically successful selective prostatic arterial catheterization and embolization

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of procedure related complication [ Time Frame: 6-8 hours after treatment until 1 month time ]
    Complication after treatment procedure will be recorded. Major adverse events, which included ischemic, infectious, or puncture site complications, pain will be recorded and evaluated. Further imaging or laboratory studies are conducted when a complication was suspected.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age between 50 and 80 years old.
  2. Suffered from lower urinary tract symptoms with International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) ≥13, despite medical treatment with alpha-blockers for at least 6 months, or
  3. Suffered from lower urinary tract symptoms with International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) ≥13, for whom medication is contraindicated, not tolerated or refused, or
  4. Patients with history of acute retention of urine with or without previous treatment with Alpha-blockers.
  5. Patients with QOL score ≥3.
  6. Patients with Urine flow rate < 15ml/second or acute urinary retention.
  7. Patients with evidence of prostatic enlargement determined by digital rectal examination or ultrasonography (USG), with a prostate size of not less than 40 grams.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Active urinary tract infection
  2. Biopsy proven prostate or bladder cancer, or any recent cancer within 5 years other than basal or squamous cell skin cancer
  3. Bladder atonia, neurogenic bladder disorder or other neurological disorder that is impacting bladder function (e.g. multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, spinal cord injuries, etc)
  4. Urethral stricture, bladder neck contracture, sphincter abnormalities, urinary obstruction due to causes other than BPH, or other potentially confounding bladder or urethral disease or condition
  5. Prostate size <40 grams on CT or MRI
  6. Previous non-medical BPH treatment, including surgery, TURP, needle ablation, microwave or laser therapy, balloon dilation, stent implantation, or any other invasive treatment to the prostate
  7. Any known condition that limits catheter-based intervention or is a contraindication to embolization, such as intolerance to a vessel occlusion procedure or severe atherosclerosis.
  8. Unable to have MRI imaging (e.g. metal implant including pacemaker, replacement joint, etc)
  9. Cardiac condition including congestive heart failure or arrhythmia, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, significant respiratory disease or known immunosuppression which required hospitalization within the previous 6 months
  10. Baseline serum creatinine level > 160 umol/L
  11. Known upper tract renal disease
  12. Cystolithiasis or chronic hematuria within 3 months prior to study treatment
  13. Active prostatitis
  14. Previous rectal surgery other than hemorrhoidectomy, or history of rectal disease
  15. History of pelvic irradiation or radical pelvic surgery
  16. Coagulation disturbances not normalized by medical treatment
  17. Known major iliac arterial occlusive disease
  18. Allergy to iodinated contrast agents
  19. Hypersensitivity to gelatin products

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02822924

Contact: Carmen Wong (852) 3505 3210
Contact: Pui Man Chong (852) 3505 3211

Hong Kong
Department of Imaging and Interventional Radiology, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong Recruiting
Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Contact: Carmen Wong    (852) 3505 3210   
Contact: Sally Lee    (852) 3505 2046   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Chinese University of Hong Kong
Principal Investigator: Simon Yu, Profesor Chinese University of Hong Kong

Responsible Party: Simon Yu, Professor, Chinese University of Hong Kong Identifier: NCT02822924     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: VIR-13-05
First Posted: July 6, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 7, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Hyperplasia
Pathologic Processes
Prostatic Diseases
Genital Diseases, Male