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Assessment of the Efficacy of Bevacizumab in Combination With Folfiri as Second-line Treatment in Patients Suffering From an Advanced Inoperable Poorly Differentiated Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of an Unknown or Gastroentero-pancreatic Primary Cancer (BEVANEC)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02820857
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 1, 2016
Last Update Posted : January 30, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hospices Civils de Lyon

Brief Summary:

Poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (NEC) are a sub-group of aggressive neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN). The most common primary sites are broncho-pulmonary and digestive. The gastroentero-pancreatic NECs (GEP-NEC) represent 7-21% of all of the NENs.

Recent data on the initial presentation of GEP-NEC have been reported in two retrospective studies and a French cohort study. No standard second-line treatment has been defined for NECs. Despite a very negative prognosis, these NECs have a certain amount of chemosensitivity, close to that of bronchial NECs. Multiple-drug therapies such as Folfiri, or Folfox, or single drug treatments such as temozolomide are the proposed options but with a low level of proof Bevacizumab associated with a cytotoxic chemotherapy has shown promising results in well differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (NET), known for being hypervascular. The efficacy of bevacizumab has also been suggested in patients with NEC, but never in the context of a phase II study. Its combination with Folfiri is efficient and well tolerated in metastatic colorectal cancer. The combination Folfiri-bevacizumab potentially represents an optimized treatment compared to chemotherapy with only Folfiri. No phase II or III studies have reported results for these patients, and no on-going phase II or III trial have been identified to date.

The main objective of this study is to show that, after the failure of a first-line chemotherapy using platinum-etoposide, the combination Folfiri-bevacizumab allows significant prolongation of overall survival in adult patients with GEP-NEC.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Neuroendocrine Carcinomas Drug: Folfiri-bevacizumab Drug: Folfiri Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 124 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Assessment of the Efficacy of Bevacizumab in Combination With Folfiri as Second-line Treatment After the Failure of the Cisplatin (or Carboplatin)-Etoposide Combination in Patients Suffering From an Advanced Inoperable Poorly Differentiated Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of an Unknown or Gastroentero-pancreatic Primary Cancer. A Phase 2 Non-comparative Randomized Study
Actual Study Start Date : September 4, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 4, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 4, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Bevacizumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Folfiri-bevacizumab
Patient treated with a combination Folfiri-bevacizumab. Treatment every 2 weeks (D1 = D15)
Drug: Folfiri-bevacizumab
Patient treated with a combination Folfiri-bevacizumab. Treatment every 2 weeks (D1 = D15)

Active Comparator: Folfiri
Patient treated with Folfiri only. Treatment every 2 weeks (D1 = D15)
Drug: Folfiri
Patient treated with Folfiri only. Treatment every 2 weeks (D1 = D15)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of patients alive [ Time Frame: 6 months after treatment ]
    The primary endpoint is the proportion of patients alive 6 months after treatment



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Man or woman aged ≥ 18 years old,
  • Poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) from a gastrointestinal tract (from esophagus to anal canal) and biliopancreatic primary or an unknown primary cancer, locally advanced and/or metastatic,
  • Centralized review of the diagnostic by a consulting pathologist specializing in NET (TENPATH network),
  • Recommendation of a second-line chemotherapy after progression, documented using the RECIST criteria v.1.1, and after a first-line chemotherapy treatment by cisplatin (or carboplatin) + etoposide or in the event of progression in the 6 months following the discontinuation of this first-line treatment,
  • Recommendation of a second-line chemotherapy for the refractory patient or contraindicated for platinum-etoposide chemotherapy
  • Patients presenting at least one measurable target lesion according to the RECIST criteria v.1.1, in an area not previously irradiated,
  • General condition ≤ 2 (WHO),
  • Patient of child bearing age accepting to use an effective contraception during treatment and until 6 months after the last administration,
  • Patient who signed the informed consent form.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Relating to the tumor, the patient, and previous treatment:

    • Well differentiated neuroendocrine tumor
    • Mixed tumor, except if the NEC component is > 70%, the patient is eligible,
    • First-line chemotherapy other than cisplatin (or carboplatin) and etoposide,
    • All malignant disease in the three years before randomization, with the exception of basal cell carcinoma or in situ cancer treated for curative purposes,
    • A pregnant or breastfeeding woman,
    • Lack of efficient contraception (for men or women of reproductive age),
    • All medical, geographical, social, and psychological conditions or a legal situation that will not allow the patient to finish the study or sign an informed consent form,
  2. Relating to the chemotherapy (Folfiri):

    • Any of the following uncontrolled progressive diseases in the 6 months before randomization: liver failure, renal insufficiency, respiratory distress, congestive heart failure (NYHA III-IV), unstable angina, myocardial infarction, significant arrhythmia,
    • Known deficiency in dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase,
    • Known Gilbert's syndrome,
    • Total bilirubin level >1.5x the upper limit of normal (ULN); AST (Aspartate transaminase) and/or ALT (Alanine transaminase) >5x ULN; TP <50%;
    • Neutrophils <1.5x109/l, platelets <100x109/l, hemoglobin <9 g/dl,
    • Chronic uncontrolled diarrhea, unresolved intestinal occlusion or subocclusion,
    • History of anaphylactic reaction or known intolerance to atropine (sulfate) or to loperamide or to antiemetics administered in association with Folfiri,
    • All treatment with concomitant anticonvulsive agents, CYP3A4 inducers (phenytoin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine), discontinued for at least 7 days,
  3. Relating to bevacizumab:

    • Uncontrolled brain metastases (by local treatment),
    • All uncontrolled progressive disease within 1 month prior to randomization: grade 3-4 gastrointestinal bleeding (peptic ulcer, erosive esophagitis or gastritis), infectious disease or intestinal inflammation, diverticulitis, pulmonary embolism or other uncontrolled thromboembolic event,
    • Uncontrolled high blood pressure defined as a systolic blood pressure >140 mmHg or diastolic pressure >90 mmHg,
    • Patients receiving anticoagulant treatment with an unstable dose of a vitamin K antagonist treatment, and/or having an abnormal INR (>3) in the four weeks before the randomization,
    • Verified proteinuria above or equal to 1g/24 hours measured from 24 hours of urine if the urinary protein dipstick control is above or equal to 2+,
    • Creatinine clearance (MDRD) <50 ml/min.
    • Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients.
    • Hypersensitivity to Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell products or other recombinant human or humanised antibodies.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02820857


Contacts
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Contact: Thomas WALTER, MD 4 72 11 73 98 ext +33 thomas.walter@chu-lyon.fr
Contact: Emilie PROME 4 72 11 62 03 ext +33 emilie.prome@chu-lyon.fr

Locations
Show Show 27 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hospices Civils de Lyon

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Responsible Party: Hospices Civils de Lyon
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02820857    
Other Study ID Numbers: 69HCL14_0442
2016-001305-16 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: July 1, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 30, 2020
Last Verified: January 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Hospices Civils de Lyon:
Gastroentero-pancreatic neuroendocrine carcinomas
Second-line treatment
Bevacizumab
Folfiri
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Carcinoma
Adenocarcinoma
Bevacizumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors