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Dietary Carbohydrate Consumption on Memory Performance and Mood in Children

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02820805
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 1, 2016
Last Update Posted : August 9, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nick Bellissimo, Ryerson University

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of carbohydrates on blood glucose levels, subjective appetite, mood, and memory performance in 9 to 14 year old normal weight (NW) and overweight or obese (OW/OB) children.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cognitive Ability, General Other: Meal Skipping Other: French fries Other: Mashed potatoes Other: Hash browns Other: Rice Other: Beans Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
NW and OW/OB children, 9-14 years of age, will participate in the experiment. The effect of 5 different meals (mashed potatoes, hash browns, French fries, rice, or beans matched by 50g of available carbohydrate) and meal skipping will be examined. On six separate mornings, one of the meals or no meal will be provided in a random order upon their arrival. Blood glucose, subjective appetite, and mood will be measured at baseline, 10, 30, 60, 120, and 180 minutes after meal consumption. Cognitive performance will be measured using an immediate and delayed word recall test, and two to three executive function tasks at 10, 30, 60, 120, and 180 minutes after meal consumption.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 22 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: The Effect of Dietary Carbohydrate Consumption on Memory Performance and Mood in Normal Weight and Overweight/Obese Children
Study Start Date : April 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Carbohydrates Memory

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Meal skipping
No meal given
Other: Meal Skipping
No meal

Experimental: Mashed potatoes
Carbohydrate Test Meal (50 g of available carbohydrates)
Other: Mashed potatoes
50g of available carbohydrates meal

Experimental: French fries
Carbohydrate Test Meal (50 g of available carbohydrates)
Other: French fries
50g of available carbohydrates meal

Experimental: Hash browns
Carbohydrate Test Meal (50 g of available carbohydrates)
Other: Hash browns
50g of available carbohydrates meal

Experimental: Rice
Carbohydrate Test Meal (50 g of available carbohydrates)
Other: Rice
50g of available carbohydrates meal

Experimental: Beans
Carbohydrate Test Meal (50 g of available carbohydrates)
Other: Beans
50g of available carbohydrates meal




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Cognitive performance [ Time Frame: 10, 30, 60, 120, 180 minutes after meal consumption ]
    Participants will participate in a battery of tests that include two learning and memory tasks and two attention tasks at 10, 30, 60, 120, and 180 minutes after meal consumption.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Blood glucose response [ Time Frame: Baseline, 10, 30, 60, 120, and 180 minutes after meal consumption ]
    Blood will be collected at baseline, 10, 30, 60, 120, and 180 minutes after meal consumption to observe glycemic responses to 50g available carbohydrates from mashed potatoes, potato pancakes, French fries, rice, or beans

  2. Subjective Appetite and Mood [ Time Frame: Baseline, 10, 30, 60, 120, and 180 minutes after meal consumption ]
    Participants will complete subjective ratings on appetite (e.g., desire to eat, hunger, fullness) and mood (e.g. anger, happiness, excitement, sleepiness) at baseline, 10, 30, 60, 120, and 180 minutes after meal consumption.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   9 Years to 14 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • be between 9 and 14 years of age
  • be healthy, and have been born at term
  • be a native English speaker
  • not be taking any medications
  • not have allergies to potatoes, rice, or beans.
  • normal body weight (between the 5th and 85th BMI percentile for age and gender)
  • OW/OB (>85th BMI percentile for age and gender)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Food sensitivities, allergies, or dietary restrictions
  • Health, learning, emotional, or behaivoural problems
  • Receiving any medications

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02820805


Locations
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Canada, Ontario
School of Nutrition, Ryerson University
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ryerson University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Nick Bellissimo, PhD. Ryerson University
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Responsible Party: Nick Bellissimo, Associate Professor, School of Nutrition, Ryerson University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02820805    
Other Study ID Numbers: REB2016-060
First Posted: July 1, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 9, 2017
Last Verified: August 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Keywords provided by Nick Bellissimo, Ryerson University:
children
dietary carbohydrates
solanum tuberosum
cognition
memory
emotions
blood glucose