Plasticity and Regeneration of Renal Epithelial Cells
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02820142|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : June 30, 2016
Last Update Posted : June 30, 2016
|Condition or disease|
Recovery of renal function after acute renal injury is an important clinical determinant of patient morbidity and mortality. However, studies covering this field are scarce and nonhomogeneous. The "gold standard" for monitoring kidney function is to measure "true" glomerular filtration rate (GFR) by 24 h urine isotope collections. Serum creatinine is a practical surrogate for GFR in the daily caring of the patients. Unfortunately, use of serum creatinine is limited by several patient dependent and independent factors. Also, serum creatinine concentration may fall to one-third of normal in advanced CKD secondary to its extrarenal clearance. The accuracy of serum creatinine in determining kidney function can be improved by serial measurements of serum creatinine, assessment of the reciprocal slope of the serum creatinine, or serial measurements of 24 h creatinine clearances. However, it is difficult to decide residual renal function in AKI patients requiring renal replacement therapy. Furthermore, even when the changes of kidney function is linear, there is a poor relationship between [Cr]-1 and the rate of rate function recovery, as demonstrated by direct comparison with urine isotope clearances. Moreover, even 24 h creatinine clearances yield poor estimates of renal function recovery.
Severe sepsis is the leading cause of acute kidney injury, although there is little mechanism of the pathogenesis of this subset of AKI in humans. Animal models have since directed attention to other lesions, such as apoptosis, leukocytic infiltration and thrombus formation. Kidney biopsy from post-mortem patients who died of septic shock showed the involvement of intense capillary leukocytic infiltration, apoptosis, and rare thrombi. Apoptosis and leukocytic infiltration, predominantly mononuclear, seem likely to be of major importance. Furthermore, the acute tubular lesions were correlated with the arterial lactate concentration. Thus, this indicated that the kidney lesions are integral to the severity of multiple organ failure.
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a cell wall component of gram-negative bacteria, is known to exert its toxic effects through the activation of the complement system or monocytes-macrophages and releases of the secondary mediators like cytokines, chemokines, and arachidonic acid derivatives, but recent reports suggest that LPS may exert a direct toxicity on renal cells.LPS is a potential drug target since its presence is critical in membrane stability, and also it plays a prominent role in raising an immune response. LPS triggers the release of many inflammatory cytokines, in particular, TNFα, interleukin-1β and IL-6, and it has been implicated as the etiological agent of a variety of pathologies ranging from mild (fever) to lethal (septic shock, organ failure, and death).
Biomarkers are biological parameters that can be objectively measured and evaluated, which act as indicators of normal or pathological processes, or of the response to intervention. The sensitivity, specificity and time course of a biomarker are critical factors in determining the utility of a particular biomarker in a disease process. A surrogate outcome biomarker is one which faithfully tracts a disease including early prediction of renal function impairment, the response to therapy, and renal function recovery.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||400 participants|
|Official Title:||Plasticity and Regeneration of Renal Epithelial Cells|
|Study Start Date :||July 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||December 2019|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 2019|
Bacteremia with Sepsis group
Patients aged 20 years or older with a diagnosis of bacteremia will be eligible for inclusion in the study.
- Change from Baseline NGAL and KIM-1 at 48-96 hours [ Time Frame: Two time point: diagnosed day 1 and 48-96 hours after diagnosed day ]Early kidney injury marker using ELISA
- Clinical inflammatory markers, including white cell count and CRP [ Time Frame: Two time point: diagnosed day 1 and 48-96 hours after diagnosed day ]
- BUN/Creatinine [ Time Frame: Two time point: diagnosed day 1 and 48-96 hours after diagnosed day ]
- SOFA and qSOFA score [ Time Frame: Two time point: diagnosed day 1 and 48-96 hours after diagnosed day ]
- Novel proteomics markers (Confidential) [ Time Frame: Two time point: diagnosed day 1 and 48-96 hours after diagnosed day ]
- Novel SNP markers (Confidential) [ Time Frame: Two time point: diagnosed day 1 and 48-96 hours after diagnosed day ]
- Novel RNA markers (Confidential) [ Time Frame: Two time point: diagnosed day 1 and 48-96 hours after diagnosed day ]
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02820142
|Contact: YU-FENG LIN, MD||886-2-23123456 ext email@example.com|
|National Taiwan University Hospital||Not yet recruiting|
|Contact: Yu-Feng Lin , MD 886-2-23123456 ext 63181 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator:||YU-FENG LIN, MD||National Taiwan University Hospital|