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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    NCT02819518
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Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Plus Chemotherapy vs. Placebo Plus Chemotherapy for Previously Untreated Locally Recurrent Inoperable or Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer (MK-3475-355/KEYNOTE-355)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02819518
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : June 30, 2016
Results First Posted : July 5, 2022
Last Update Posted : July 25, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC

Brief Summary:

The study will consist of two parts.

In Part 1, the safety of pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in combination with one of three different chemotherapies will be assessed in the treatment of locally recurrent inoperable or metastatic triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), which has not been previously treated with chemotherapy.

In Part 2, the safety and efficacy of pembrolizumab plus background chemotherapy will be assessed compared to the safety and efficacy of placebo plus background chemotherapy in the treatment of locally recurrent inoperable or metastatic TNBC, which has not been previously treated with chemotherapy.

The primary hypotheses are that:

  1. the combination of pembrolizumab and chemotherapy prolongs Progression-Free Survival (PFS) compared to placebo and chemotherapy in:

    • all participants,
    • participants with programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) combined positive score (CPS) ≥1 tumors, and
    • participants with PD-L1 CPS ≥10 tumors, and
  2. the combination of pembrolizumab and chemotherapy prolongs Overall Survival (OS) compared to placebo and chemotherapy in:

    • all participants,
    • participants with PD-L1 CPS ≥1 tumors, and
    • participants with PD-L1 CPS ≥10 tumors.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) Biological: Pembrolizumab Drug: Nab-paclitaxel Drug: Paclitaxel Drug: Gemcitabine Drug: Carboplatin Drug: Normale Saline Solution Phase 3

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 882 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Phase III Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Plus Chemotherapy vs Placebo Plus Chemotherapy for Previously Untreated Locally Recurrent Inoperable or Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer - (KEYNOTE-355)
Actual Study Start Date : July 27, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 15, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 15, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Part 1: Pembrolizumab + Nab-paclitaxel
Participants receive pembrolizumab 200 mg intravenously (IV) on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle PLUS nab-paclitaxel 100 mg/m^2 IV on Days 1, 8 and 15 of each 28-day cycle.
Biological: Pembrolizumab
IV infusion
Other Names:
  • MK-3475
  • KEYTRUDA®

Drug: Nab-paclitaxel
IV infusion
Other Name: ABRAXANE®

Experimental: Part 1: Pembrolizumab + Paclitaxel
Participants receive pembrolizumab 200 mg IV on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle PLUS paclitaxel 90 mg/m^2 IV on Days 1, 8 and 15 of each 28-day cycle.
Biological: Pembrolizumab
IV infusion
Other Names:
  • MK-3475
  • KEYTRUDA®

Drug: Paclitaxel
IV infusion
Other Name: TAXOL®

Experimental: Part 1: Pembrolizumab + Gemcitabine/Carboplatin
Participants receive pembrolizumab 200 mg IV on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle PLUS gemcitabine/carboplatin 1000 mg/m^2 (gemcitabine) and an Area Under the Curve (AUC) 2 (carboplatin) on Days 1 and 8 of each 21-day cycle.
Biological: Pembrolizumab
IV infusion
Other Names:
  • MK-3475
  • KEYTRUDA®

Drug: Gemcitabine
IV infusion
Other Name: GEMZAR®

Drug: Carboplatin
IV infusion
Other Name: PARAPLATIN®

Experimental: Part 2: Pembrolizumab + Chemotherapy
Participants receive pembrolizumab 200 mg IV on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle PLUS one of three background chemotherapy regimens at investigator's discretion: 1) nab-paclitaxel 100 mg/m^2 IV on Days 1, 8 and 15 of each 28-day cycle, 2) paclitaxel 90 mg/m^2 IV on Days 1, 8 and 15 of each 28-day cycle, OR 3) gemcitabine/carboplatin 1000 mg/m^2 (gemcitabine) and an AUC 2 (carboplatin) on Days 1 and 8 of each 21-day cycle.
Biological: Pembrolizumab
IV infusion
Other Names:
  • MK-3475
  • KEYTRUDA®

Drug: Nab-paclitaxel
IV infusion
Other Name: ABRAXANE®

Drug: Paclitaxel
IV infusion
Other Name: TAXOL®

Drug: Gemcitabine
IV infusion
Other Name: GEMZAR®

Drug: Carboplatin
IV infusion
Other Name: PARAPLATIN®

Active Comparator: Part 2: Placebo + Chemotherapy
Participants receive placebo (normal saline) IV on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle PLUS one of three background chemotherapy regimens at investigator's discretion: 1) nab-paclitaxel 100 mg/m^2 IV on Days 1, 8 and 15 of each 28-day cycle, 2) paclitaxel 90 mg/m^2 IV on Days 1, 8 and 15 of each 28-day cycle, OR 3) gemcitabine/carboplatin 1000 mg/m^2 (gemcitabine) and an AUC 2 (carboplatin) on Days 1 and 8 of each 21-day cycle.
Drug: Nab-paclitaxel
IV infusion
Other Name: ABRAXANE®

Drug: Paclitaxel
IV infusion
Other Name: TAXOL®

Drug: Gemcitabine
IV infusion
Other Name: GEMZAR®

Drug: Carboplatin
IV infusion
Other Name: PARAPLATIN®

Drug: Normale Saline Solution
IV infusion




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Part 1: Percentage of Participants Who Experienced an Adverse Event (AE) - All Participants [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 39 months ]
    An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended sign, symptom, disease, or worsening of preexisting condition temporally associated with study treatment and irrespective of causality to study treatment.

  2. Part 1: Percentage of Participants Who Discontinued Study Drug Due to an AE - All Participants [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 39 months ]
    An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended sign, symptom, disease, or worsening of preexisting condition temporally associated with study treatment and irrespective of causality to study treatment.

  3. Part 2: Progression-Free Survival (PFS) - All Participants [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 53 months ]
    Progression-free survival was defined as the time from randomization to the first documented progressive disease (PD) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) based on assessments by blinded independent central review (BICR) or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. Per RECIST 1.1, PD was defined as ≥20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also have demonstrated an absolute increase of ≥5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions was also considered PD.

  4. Part 2: PFS - Participants With Programmed Cell Death-Ligand 1 (PD-L1) Combined Positive Score (CPS) ≥1 Tumors [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 53 months ]
    Progression-free survival was defined as the time from randomization to the first documented PD per RECIST 1.1 based on assessments by BICR or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. Per RECIST 1.1, PD was defined as ≥20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also have demonstrated an absolute increase of ≥5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions was also considered PD.

  5. Part 2: PFS - Participants With PD-L1 CPS ≥10 Tumors [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 53 months ]
    Progression-free survival was defined as the time from randomization to the first documented PD per RECIST 1.1 based on assessments by BICR or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. Per RECIST 1.1, PD was defined as ≥20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also have demonstrated an absolute increase of ≥5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions was also considered PD.

  6. Part 2: Overall Survival (OS) - All Participants [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 53 months ]
    Overall survival is defined as the time from randomization to death due to any cause. Participants without documented death at the time of the analysis were censored at the date of the last follow-up.

  7. Part 2: OS - Participants With PD-L1 CPS ≥1 Tumors [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 53 months ]
    Overall survival is defined as the time from randomization to death due to any cause. Participants without documented death at the time of the analysis were censored at the date of the last follow-up.

  8. Part 2: OS - Participants With PD-L1 CPS ≥10 Tumors [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 53 months ]
    Overall survival is defined as the time from randomization to death due to any cause. Participants without documented death at the time of the analysis were censored at the date of the last follow-up.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Part 2: Objective Response Rate (ORR) - All Participants [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 53 months ]
    Objective response rate is defined as the percentage of participants in the analysis population who have a complete response (CR: disappearance of all target lesions) or partial response (PR: at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions). The percentage of participants who experienced a CR or PR as assessed by BICR based on RECIST 1.1 is presented.

  2. Part 2: ORR - Participants With PD-L1 CPS ≥1 Tumors [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 53 months ]
    Objective response rate is defined as the percentage of participants in the analysis population who have a complete response (CR: disappearance of all target lesions) or partial response (PR: at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions). The percentage of participants who experienced a CR or PR as assessed by BICR based on RECIST 1.1 is presented.

  3. Part 2: ORR - Participants With PD-L1 CPS ≥10 Tumors [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 53 months ]
    Objective response rate is defined as the percentage of participants in the analysis population who have a complete response (CR: disappearance of all target lesions) or partial response (PR: at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions). The percentage of participants who experienced a CR or PR as assessed by BICR based on RECIST 1.1 is presented.

  4. Part 2: Duration of Response (DOR) - All Participants [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 53 months ]
    For participants who demonstrate a confirmed CR (Disappearance of all target lesions) or confirmed PR (At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions) per RECIST 1.1, DOR is defined as the time from first documented evidence of CR or PR until progressive disease (PD) or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first, based on assessments by BICR per RECIST 1.1. Per RECIST 1.1, PD was defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also have demonstrated an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions was also considered PD.

  5. Part 2: DOR - Participants With PD-L1 CPS ≥1 Tumors [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 53 months ]
    For participants who demonstrate a confirmed CR (Disappearance of all target lesions) or confirmed PR (At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions) per RECIST 1.1, DOR is defined as the time from first documented evidence of CR or PR until progressive disease (PD) or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first, based on assessments by BICR per RECIST 1.1. Per RECIST 1.1, PD was defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also have demonstrated an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions was also considered PD.

  6. Part 2: DOR - Participants With PD-L1 CPS ≥10 Tumors [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 53 months ]
    For participants who demonstrate a confirmed CR (Disappearance of all target lesions) or confirmed PR (At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions) per RECIST 1.1, DOR is defined as the time from first documented evidence of CR or PR until progressive disease (PD) or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first, based on assessments by BICR per RECIST 1.1. Per RECIST 1.1, PD was defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also have demonstrated an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions was also considered PD.

  7. Part 2: Disease Control Rate (DCR) - All Participants [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 53 months ]
    Disease control rate is defined as the percentage of participants who have achieved CR (disappearance of all target lesions) or PR (At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions) or have demonstrated stable disease (SD: Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for progressive disease [PD: At least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions and an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered PD]) for at least 24 weeks, based on assessments by BICR per RECIST 1.1.

  8. Part 2: DCR - Participants With PD-L1 CPS ≥1 Tumors [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 53 months ]
    Disease control rate is defined as the percentage of participants who have achieved CR (disappearance of all target lesions) or PR (At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions) or have demonstrated stable disease (SD: Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for progressive disease [PD: At least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions and an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered PD]) for at least 24 weeks, based on assessments by BICR per RECIST 1.1.

  9. Part 2: DCR - Participants With PD-L1 CPS ≥10 Tumors [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 53 months ]
    Disease control rate is defined as the percentage of participants who have achieved CR (disappearance of all target lesions) or PR (At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions) or have demonstrated stable disease (SD: Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for progressive disease [PD: At least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions and an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered PD]) for at least 24 weeks, based on assessments by BICR per RECIST 1.1.

  10. Part 2: Percentage of Participants Who Experienced an AE- All Participants [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 53 months ]
    An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended sign, symptom, disease, or worsening of preexisting condition temporally associated with study treatment and irrespective of causality to study treatment.

  11. Part 2: Percentage of Participants Who Discontinued Study Drug Due to an AE- All Participants [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 52 months ]
    An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended sign, symptom, disease, or worsening of preexisting condition temporally associated with study treatment and irrespective of causality to study treatment.

  12. Part 2: Change From Baseline to Week 15 in European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (QLQ-C30) Global Health Status (Item 29) and Quality of Life (Item 30) Combined Score- All Participants [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 15 ]
    The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a questionnaire to assess the overall quality of life of cancer patients. Participant responses to the questions "How would you rate your overall health during the past week?" (Item 29) and "How would you rate your overall quality of life during the past week?" (Item 30) were scored on a 7-point scale (1= Very poor to 7=Excellent). Using linear transformation, raw scores were standardized, so that scores range from 0 to 100. A higher score indicates a better overall health status. The change from baseline in EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 29 and 30 combined score are presented.

  13. Part 2: Change From Baseline to Week 15 in EORTC QLQ-C30 Global Health Status (Item 29) and Quality of Life (Item 30) Combined Score - Participants With PD-L1 CPS ≥1 Tumors [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 15 ]
    The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a questionnaire to assess the overall quality of life of cancer patients. Participant responses to the questions "How would you rate your overall health during the past week?" (Item 29) and "How would you rate your overall quality of life during the past week?" (Item 30) were scored on a 7-point scale (1= Very poor to 7=Excellent). Using linear transformation, raw scores were standardized, so that scores range from 0 to 100. A higher score indicates a better overall health status. The change from baseline in EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 29 and 30 combined score are presented.

  14. Part 2: Change From Baseline to Week 15 in EORTC QLQ-C30 Global Health Status (Item 29) and Quality of Life (Item 30) Combined Score-Participants With PD-L1 CPS ≥10 Tumors [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 15 ]
    The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a questionnaire to assess the overall quality of life of cancer patients. Participant responses to the questions "How would you rate your overall health during the past week?" (Item 29) and "How would you rate your overall quality of life during the past week?" (Item 30) were scored on a 7-point scale (1= Very poor to 7=Excellent). Using linear transformation, raw scores were standardized, so that scores range from 0 to 100. A higher score indicates a better overall health status. The change from baseline in EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 29 and 30 combined score are presented.

  15. Part 2: Change From Baseline to Week 15 in Systemic Therapy Side Effects Using the EORTC Breast Cancer-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ-BR23)-All Participants [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 15 ]
    EORTC-QLQ-BR23 is a 23-item breast cancer-specific companion module to the EORTC-QLQ-C30 and consists of four functional scales (body image, sexual enjoyment, sexual functioning, future perspective) and four symptom scales (systemic therapy side effects, upset by hair loss, arm symptoms, breast symptoms). Participant responses to 7 questions about their systemic therapy side effects were scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). Using linear transformation, raw scores are standardized, so that scores range from 0 to 100. A higher score denotes worse symptoms for the systemic therapy side effects symptom scale. The change from baseline in systemic therapy side effects (EORTC QLQ-BR23 Items 1-4, 6, 7, and 8) score is presented.

  16. Part 2: Change From Baseline to Week 15 in Systemic Therapy Side Effects Using the EORTC QLQ-BR23 - Participants With PD-L1 CPS ≥1 Tumors [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 15 ]
    EORTC-QLQ-BR23 is a 23-item breast cancer-specific companion module to the EORTC-QLQ-C30 and consists of four functional scales (body image, sexual enjoyment, sexual functioning, future perspective) and four symptom scales (systemic therapy side effects, upset by hair loss, arm symptoms, breast symptoms). Participant responses to 7 questions about their systemic therapy side effects were scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). Using linear transformation, raw scores are standardized, so that scores range from 0 to 100. A higher score denotes worse symptoms for the systemic therapy side effects symptom scale. The change from baseline in systemic therapy side effects (EORTC QLQ-BR23 Items 1-4, 6, 7, and 8) score is presented.

  17. Part 2: Change From Baseline to Week 15 in Systemic Therapy Side Effects Using the EORTC QLQ-BR23- Participants With PD-L1 CPS ≥10 Tumors [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 15 ]
    EORTC-QLQ-BR23 is a 23-item breast cancer-specific companion module to the EORTC-QLQ-C30 and consists of four functional scales (body image, sexual enjoyment, sexual functioning, future perspective) and four symptom scales (systemic therapy side effects, upset by hair loss, arm symptoms, breast symptoms). Participant responses to 7 questions about their systemic therapy side effects are scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). Using linear transformation, raw scores are standardized, so that scores range from 0 to 100. A higher score denotes worse symptoms for the systemic therapy side effects symptom scale. The change from baseline in systemic therapy side effects (EORTC QLQ-BR23 Items 1-4, 6, 7, and 8) score is presented.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Has locally recurrent inoperable breast cancer not previously treated with chemotherapy and which cannot be treated with curative intent OR has metastatic breast cancer not previously treated with chemotherapy.
  • Has centrally confirmed TNBC, as defined by the most recent American Society of Clinical Oncology/college of American Pathologists (ASCO/CAP) guidelines.
  • Has completed treatment for Stage I-III breast cancer, if indicated, and ≥6 months elapsed between the completion of treatment with curative intent (e.g., date of primary breast tumor surgery or date of last adjuvant chemotherapy administration, whichever occurred last) and first documented local or distant disease recurrence.
  • Has been treated with (neo)adjuvant anthracycline, if they received systemic treatment in the (neo)adjuvant setting, unless anthracycline was contraindicated or not considered the best treatment option for the participant in the opinion of the treating physician.
  • Has measurable disease based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) as determined by local radiology review.
  • Has provided recently or newly obtained core or excisional biopsy from a locally recurrent inoperable or metastatic tumor lesion for central determination of TNBC status and PD-L1 expression, unless contraindicated due to site inaccessibility and/or participant safety concerns.
  • Has an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1, as assessed within 10 days prior to the start of study drug.
  • Has a life expectancy ≥12 weeks from randomization.
  • Demonstrates adequate organ function, within 10 days prior to the start of study drug.
  • Female participants are eligible to participate if they are not pregnant or breastfeeding AND they are not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP) OR is a WOCBP using a contraceptive method that is highly effective or is abstinent from heterosexual intercourse during the intervention period and for at least the time needed to eliminate each study intervention after the last dose of study intervention AND has a negative highly-sensitive pregnancy test ([urine or serum] as required by local regulations) within 24 hours (urine) or 72 hours (serum) before the first dose of study intervention.
  • Male participants are eligible to participate if they agree to refrain from donating sperm during the intervention period and for at least the time needed to eliminate each study intervention after the last dose of study intervention PLUS be abstinent from heterosexual intercourse OR must agree to use contraception unless confirmed to be azoospermic.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Is currently participating in a clinical study and receiving an investigational agent and/or using an investigational device, or has participated in a clinical study and received an investigational agent and/or used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to randomization.
  • Has not recovered (e.g., to ≤ Grade 1 or to baseline) from AEs due to a previously administered therapy.
  • Has neuropathy ≥ Grade 2.
  • Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (e.g., with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressive drugs).
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to randomization.
  • Has a known additional malignancy that progressed or required active treatment within the last 5 years. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy, and in situ cervical cancer.
  • Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Participants with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they have stable brain metastases and did not receive chemotherapy for metastatic breast cancer.
  • Has history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or current pneumonitis.
  • Has active, or a history of, interstitial lung disease.
  • Has a known history of active tuberculosis (TB).
  • Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  • Has a history of Class II-IV congestive heart failure or myocardial infarction within 6 months of randomization.
  • Has a known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the study.
  • Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 120 days (or longer as specified by local institutional guidelines) after the last dose of study drug.
  • Has received prior therapy with an anti-programmed cell death 1 (anti-PD-1), anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent or with an agent directed to another co-inhibitory T cell receptor (such as cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 [CTLA-4], OX-40, CD137) or has previously participated in Merck pembrolizumab (MK-3475) clinical studies.
  • Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  • Has known active hepatitis B or hepatitis C.
  • Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to randomization.
  • Has a known history of hypersensitivity or allergy to pembrolizumab and any of its components and/or to any of the study chemotherapies (e.g., nab-paclitaxel, paclitaxel, gemcitabine, or carboplatin) and any of their components.
  • Is receiving any medication prohibited in combination with study chemotherapies as described in the respective product labels, unless medication was stopped within 7 days prior to randomization.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02819518


Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC:
Study Protocol  [PDF] September 1, 2021
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] January 14, 2020

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02819518    
Other Study ID Numbers: 3475-355
163422 ( Registry Identifier: JAPAN-CTI )
MK-3475-355 ( Other Identifier: Merck )
KEYNOTE-355 ( Other Identifier: Merck )
2016-001432-35 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: June 30, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 5, 2022
Last Update Posted: July 25, 2022
Last Verified: July 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: http://engagezone.msd.com/doc/ProcedureAccessClinicalTrialData.pdf
URL: http://engagezone.msd.com/ds_documentation.php
Keywords provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC:
Programmed Cell Death-1 (PD1, PD-1)
Programmed Cell Death 1 Ligand 1(PDL1, PD-L1)
Programmed Cell Death 1 Ligand 2 (PDL2, PD-L2)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Gemcitabine
Paclitaxel
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Carboplatin
Pembrolizumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological