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Preoperative Brimonidine on IOP of Patients Undergoing RALP (IOPsTBURG)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02818816
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 30, 2016
Last Update Posted : September 27, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Health Network, Toronto

Brief Summary:

Patients with prostate cancer undergoing robot assisted radical laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) in steep Trendelenburg position (sTBURG) are noted to have elevated intraocular pressures (IOP) intraoperatively. One study showed an increase in IOP of 13 millimeters of mercury (mmHg) from baseline IOP levels intraoperatively. Other studies have shown the IOP to more than double intraoperatively during RALP in sTBURG. IOP is found to be directly related to angle of inclination and increases time dependently with sTBURG. The IOP may remain significantly elevated until the first postoperative day after RALP.

There are no previously published data concerning the safe threshold for IOP elevation and the effects of this increased IOP on vision and on generalized eye health are still not entirely known. One study showed postoperative visual field defects in 28% (7/25) of patients who underwent RALP in sTBURG. It has been theorized that sTBURG and subsequent increased IOP are risk factors for postoperative vision loss (PVL). It is believed that the increased IOP decreases optic nerve perfusion pressure causing ischemic optic neuropathy. Some previously recommended ways to reduce the intraoperative IOP spike during RALP include shorter operating times, decreased angle of inclination, modified Trendelenburg position, use of Propofol for maintenance anaesthesia and intraoperative topical hypotensive agents to reduce IOP. Given the challenges with some of the above options, this study aims to evaluate the effect of pre-operative treatment with topical Brimonidine Tartrate 0.2% on the IOP of patients undergoing RALP with sTBURG. The goal is to prevent the anticipated IOP spike thereby reducing risk of postoperative vision loss.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prostate Cancer Drug: brimonidine tartrate 0.2% Other: Carboxymethylcellulose Eye Drops Phase 4

Detailed Description:

With completed informed consent, study participants will undergo a pre-operative comprehensive ophthalmic evaluation to document best corrected visual acuity (VA), IOP measurements, visual field assessments (VF), optical coherence tomography measurements (OCT) of the retinal nerve fiber layer, optic disc photography and screening for other ophthalmologic abnormalities. Height and weight measurements will also be recorded.

Using opaque envelopes with the aid of Sequentially Numbered Opaque Sealed Envelopes (SNOSE) schemes, each patient will be randomized to either right eye or left eye. Thereafter patients will be randomized to placebo (carboxymethylcellulose) or drop (Brimonidine tartrate 0.2%) which will be given 30 minutes before the start of surgery with the patient in horizontal supine position. Eyes randomized to receive a drop will be treated with one drop of Brimonidine tartrate 0.2% while eyes randomized to receive placebo will receive one drop of Carboxymethylcellulose eye drops (Control group).

IOP measurements will be recorded for both eyes pre-operatively in the upright seated position (baseline), pre-anaesthetized in supine horizontal position, intra-operatively in anaesthetized supine horizontal position, hourly intra-operatively in anaesthetized sTBURG, awake post-operatively in supine horizontal position and at 1 month postoperatively in the upright seated position. Three IOP measurements will be recorded, each with 5% confidence interval (CI). Blood pressure and end tidal carbon dioxide will be recorded hourly intra-operatively. The following surgical data will also be recorded: procedure duration, angle of inclination of surgical bed, anesthetic agents used, fluid volume given, transfusions given, blood loss volume and complications. Best corrected VA, IOP, VF, OCT and optic disc photography will also be recorded for each patient at the 1-month post-operative visit.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 26 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective Study to Evaluate the Effect of Preoperative Topical Brimonidine Tartrate 0.2% (Allergan, Irvine, CA) on Intraocular Pressure (IOP) of Patients Undergoing Robot-assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy (RALP)
Actual Study Start Date : February 29, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 24, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : August 7, 2017

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Brimonidine Tartrate 0.2% (2mg/mL)
One (I) drop of brimonidine tartrate 0.2% (2mg/mL) will be placed in the randomized eye preoperatively thirty minutes before robotic-assisted radical laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP)
Drug: brimonidine tartrate 0.2%
Alpha adrenergic receptor agonist
Other Name: Alphagan, Allergan, Irvine, CA

Placebo Comparator: Carboxymethylcellulose Eye Drops
One drop of Carboxymethylcellulose eye drops will be placed in the randomized eye half an hour before RALP
Other: Carboxymethylcellulose Eye Drops
Ocular lubricants
Other Names:
  • Refresh Optive Fusion
  • Tear drops

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in IOP during the course of the surgical procedure between eyes treated with medication and those with placebo with patients undergoing RALP with sTBURG [ Time Frame: Preoperatively within 1-2 months, intraoperatively, and postoperatively within 1-2 months ]
    Changes in IOP during the course of the surgical procedure between eyes treated with medication and those with placebo with patients undergoing RALP with sTBURG

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in Visual acuity, visual fields, retinal nerve fiber layer thickness [ Time Frame: Preoperatively within 1-2 months, intraoperatively, and postoperatively within 1-2 months ]
    Changes in Visual acuity, visual fields, retinal nerve fiber layer thickness when preoperative and postopertive evaluations are compared

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males aged 18 years and above
  • Patients with a diagnosis of prostatic carcinoma requiring prostate surgery

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients having had an ophthalmic surgical procedure within 6 months of the beginning of the study.
  • Patients with a diagnosis of glaucoma
  • Any abnormality of the cornea which may prevent reliable applanation tonometry
  • Known allergy/ hypersensitivity reaction to Brimonidine
  • Contra-indication to Brimonidine including patients on monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MOA)
  • Patients unwilling or unable to provide informed consent
  • Patients with anticipated difficult airway management (as this may require medications and/or airway manipulations resulting in increased IOP)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02818816

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Princess Margaret Cancer Centre
Toronto, Canada
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Health Network, Toronto
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Principal Investigator: Buys M Yvonne, MD FRCSC University of Toronto
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Responsible Party: University Health Network, Toronto Identifier: NCT02818816    
Other Study ID Numbers: 15-9684
First Posted: June 30, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 27, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by University Health Network, Toronto:
Brimonidine tartrate
Intraocular pressure
Prostate Cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Prostatic Diseases
Brimonidine Tartrate
Carboxymethylcellulose Sodium
Ophthalmic Solutions
Pharmaceutical Solutions
Antihypertensive Agents
Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents