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Intravitreal Dexamethasone Implant in Retinitis Pigmentosa-related Macular Edema- a Retrospective Study

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02804360
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified June 2016 by Ahmad Mansour, MD, Clinical Professor, AUB, Rafic Hariri University Hospital.
Recruitment status was:  Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : June 17, 2016
Last Update Posted : June 20, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ahmad Mansour, MD, Clinical Professor, AUB, Rafic Hariri University Hospital

Brief Summary:

Purpose: Cystoid macular edema (CME) in retinitis pigmentosa (RP) has been managed in several ways with little success. The aim of our study was to report the use of intravitreal dexamethasone implant in a large series of patients with RP and CME.

Setting: Retrospective case series. Methods: Cases were diagnosed as RP based on the classic fundus triad of bone-spicule pigment deposits (intraretinal pigmentary migration), retinal vessel attenuation, waxy pallor of the optic disc along with night blindness and attenuated ERG amplitudes (delays in rod or cone b-wave implicit times). Family history of RP and family screening for RP were important in establishing the diagnosis in eyes with some diagnostic challenge. CME was diagnosed by intravitreous fluorescein angiography IVFA and spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). BCVA was monitored using Snellen visual acuity chart and CME was monitored by SD-OCT on follow-up visits.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Retinitis Pigmentosa Cystoid Macular Edema Device: dexamethasone injection Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Introduction Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a group of inherited progressive retinal degenerations characterized by photoreceptor dysfunction primarily affecting the rods, followed by cones with worldwide prevalence of approximately one in 3,000-4,000 for a total of 2 million affected individuals all over the world. After rods die, cone photoreceptors gradually die resulting in constriction of visual fields and eventual blindness in many patients. There is presently no cure for RP where photoreceptor apoptosis plays a key role, but considerable effort is devoted to the search of rescue strategies. This condition can lead to blindness in the advanced stages of disease, when it involves the central retina. Also macular abnormalities appear frequently in RP leading to visual decline. CME is prevalent in 20-70% of RP patients and several treatment options were reported with variable success rates and with many side-effects. Therapies have included oral or topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, intravitreal VEGF antagonists, and periocular or intravitreal corticosteroids. The dexamethasone implant has been recently approved for the treatment of maculopathies related to diabetic retinopathy or retinal vein occlusion or uveitis. The current study explores the role of such implant in CME from RP.

Methods The investigators conducted a retrospective noncomparative study of the use of intravitreal dexamethasone implant in eyes with CME from RP. The study adhered to the tenets of the declaration of Helsinki. All patients signed an informed consent after detailed review of the benefits and complications of current therapy.

RP is defined as the presence of the triad of bone-spicule pigment deposits, retinal vessel attenuation and waxy pallor of the optic disc. Family history of RP, family screening for RP, and ERG recordings were ancillary tests in atypical RP. CME is defined as the presence of cystoid changes in the macula seen on linear scans by spectral domain OCT regardless of presence of retinal thickening (Gorovoy). Primary outcomes were best-corrected visual acuity and central macular thickness. Study duration was January 2012?? to December 2015 with all participants signing a formal consent. Inclusion criteria included naïve or previously treated CME. Exclusion criteria included diabetes mellitus, vitreous hemorrhage, macular ischemia, macular scar from subretinal fibrosis, corneal scar, infectious conjunctivitis, prior cataract or vitreous surgery, and inability to commit for long-term follow-up. Primary outcome measures included best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) assessed by Snellen charts and central macular thickness (CMT, mean thickness in the central 1000-μm diameter area) using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT). Intravenous fluorescein angiography was done at the initial exam using standard protocol with visualization of the retinal midperiphery. Comprehensive ocular examination including applanation tonometry was performed at baseline, and usually at month 1, months 2 and months 3 and thereafter. Ozurdex® (Allergan, Inc., Irvine, CA, USA) is an intravitreal rod shaped implant containing 0.7 mg dexamethasone in the Novadur® poly (D,L-lactide-co-glycolide solid polymer sustained-release drug delivery system. The implant was injected under sterile conditions using povidone iodine 5%, sterile lid speculum and topical anesthesia. Only one patient who was 9-year old received sedative agents in order to achieve patient cooperation. The single-use applicator was injected into the midvitreous through a self-sealing scleral injection 3,5 mm posterior to the limbus at the superotemporal or inferotemporal area. Genetic testing was not carried in the current case series.

Statistical analyses were done using SPSS version 22 (IBM Corporation, Chicago, Illinois) and Wilcoxon-Signed Rank Test with significance set at p-value of 0.05.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Dexamethasone in Retinitis Pigmentosa Cystoid Macular Edema
Study Start Date : January 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2016


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: therapy
Dexamethasone injection
Device: dexamethasone injection
intravitreal dexamethasone in retinitis pigmentosa cystoid macular edema
Other Name: OZURDEX




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. visual gain measured as Snellen visual acuity [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    logMAR improvement after ozurdex implant


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. resolution of macular edema by OCT [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    OCT measurement of macular thickness



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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 90 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria: Retinitis pigmentosa with cystoid macular edema -

Exclusion Criteria: infection, inability to consent, cataract, glaucoma, end-stage retinitis pigmentosa


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02804360


Sponsors and Collaborators
Rafic Hariri University Hospital
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ahmad Mansour, MD RHUH

Responsible Party: Ahmad Mansour, MD, Clinical Professor, AUB, Chair, Department of Opthalmology, Rafic Hariri Hospital, Rafic Hariri University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02804360     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: INV-2016-267
First Posted: June 17, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 20, 2016
Last Verified: June 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: we can share data through excel sheet

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Edema
Macular Edema
Retinitis
Retinitis Pigmentosa
Cone-Rod Dystrophies
Signs and Symptoms
Macular Degeneration
Retinal Degeneration
Retinal Diseases
Eye Diseases
Eye Diseases, Hereditary
Retinal Dystrophies
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Dexamethasone acetate
Dexamethasone
BB 1101
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action