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Nivolumab Plus Radiotherapy in Advanced Melanoma (NIRVANA)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02799901
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified August 2017 by Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : June 15, 2016
Last Update Posted : August 24, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice

Brief Summary:

Combining nivolumab with conventional multisite high dose radiotherapy seems to be an interesting approach that could increase the antitumoral effect of nivolumab by increasing the diversity and quantity of tumoral antigen presentation thanks to radiotherapy. Multifractionated high dose radiotherapy (HR) targeting various tumor sites could also increase occurrence of tumor mutations and the diversity of the T-cell receptor repertoire of intratumoral T cells.

The purpose of this study is to combine nivolumab with 3 fractions of HR of one metastasis for each tumor site (defined as skin/muscle, thoracic, abdomen, bone, other).

The investigators hypothesize that combining nivolumab with multisite, multifractionated HR increases the overall survival rate at 1 year compared to published data with nivolumab alone.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Melanoma Biological: Nivolumab Radiation: hypofractionned radiotherapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Recent progress has been made in advanced melanoma with drug targeting immune system such as ipilimumab targeting CTLA-4 and nivolumab targeting PD-1. Some case reports and preclinical data suggested that the antitumoral immune response of these immune check point inhibitors (ipilimumab and nivolumab as well) could be enhanced if associated with massive tumoral antigen release in the blood stream, due to local treatment such as high dose radiotherapy (HR). The first rigorous scientific demonstration of this phenomenon was done by Demaria et al. They showed that irradiation of xenograft tumor could induce decrease of tumoral growth of a non-irradiated other xenograt tumor. This effect was due to immune response to irradiation but it only occured when immune system was modulated by CTLA-4 inhibition. In that experiences CTLA4 and radiation actions were synergistic.

Dovedi et al. also reported that targeting PD-1/PD-L1 pathway have greater anti-tumor efficacy if concomitant radiotherapy was given and especially if radiotherapy was multifractionated.

Very interestingly the fractionated radiotherapy also induced huge increase of tumoral PD-L1 expression by three times 5 days after beginning of radiotherapy. This could explain the synergistic impact of this strategy.

At least eight clinical studies are ongoing, testing the combination of CTLA-4 blockade with radiotherapy in metastatic melanoma or other tumors, with various treatment schedules either for ipilimumab (3 or 10 mg/kg) or radiotherapy (before or after ipilimumab, fractions of 6 to 8 Gy; total body irradiation or treatment of only one metastasis).

One study (NCT01565837) is a phase II study that analyses the efficacy of 10mg/kg ipilimumab (every 3 weeks) associated with HR for all metastatic sites but only for oligometastatic patients (< 6 metastasis), which reflects only a minority of metastatic melanoma patients.

Such strategy is of high interest because it takes into account the putative tumoral heterogeneity which could lead to failure of the association of nivolumab with the irradiation of only one tumor site.

The investigators propose to combine nivolumab with 3 fractions of HR of one metastasis for each tumor site (defined as skin/muscle, thoracic, abdomen, bone, other).They have chosen 3 fractions instead of only 1 for each tumor site because of preclinical data in mice showing that one fraction is less efficient than several fractions to stimulate the immune system and kill tumoral cells. The increase of the number of fractions could also lead to an increase of the diversity of tumoral antigens released in the blood stream which could also favors diversity of the T-cell receptor repertoire of intratumoral T cells.

In our protocol dose constraint for each tissue type can be easily achieved with the 3 X 6 Gy schedule without excess of toxicity.

In conclusion the present protocol aims to increase the quantity and diversity of released tumoral antigens by providing multisite, multifractionated HR during nivolumab treatment in advanced untreated melanoma patients.

The investigators hypothesize that combining nivolumab with multisite, multifractionated HR increases the overall survival rate at 1 year compared to published data with nivolumab alone.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 72 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Nivolumab in Combination With High Dose Radiotherapy at Varied Tumor Sites in Advanced Melanoma and no Prior Antitumoral Treatment
Actual Study Start Date : March 3, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 3, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus Genetics related topics: Melanoma
MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma
Drug Information available for: Nivolumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Patient
patient with Advanced melanoma
Biological: Nivolumab
Injection of nivolumab

Radiation: hypofractionned radiotherapy

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. overall survival [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    to increase the overall survival rate at 1 year with the combination of nivolumab and radiotherapy compared to nivolumab alone for patients with advanced melanoma

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. the rate of progression-free survival [ Time Frame: at 6 months ]
  2. the rate of progression-free survival [ Time Frame: at 1 year ]
  3. the rate of progression-free survival [ Time Frame: at 2 years ]
  4. Global progression free survival (PFS) rate [ Time Frame: at 6 months ]
  5. Global progression free survival (PFS) rate [ Time Frame: at 1 year ]
  6. Global progression free survival (PFS) rate [ Time Frame: at 2 years ]
  7. global PFS rate [ Time Frame: at 6 months ]
  8. global PFS rate [ Time Frame: at 1 year ]
  9. global PFS rate [ Time Frame: at 2 year ]
  10. overall survival [ Time Frame: at 2 years ]
  11. disease control rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: at 2 years ]
  12. predictive factors for response [ Time Frame: at 2 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Willing and able to give written informed consent
  2. Men and women, ≥ 18 years of age
  3. Histologically confirmed Stage III (unresectable) or Stage IV melanoma. Unknown primary melanoma will be accepted.
  4. Measurable disease by CT per RECIST 1.1 criteria
  5. Indication of radiotherapy
  6. Patient MUST be untreated for his/her Stage III (unresectable) or Stage IV melanoma
  7. Prior treatment with INTERFERON in the adjuvant setting is authorized.
  8. BRAF status must be determinate but patient will be eligible regardless the status (BRAF wildtype and BRAF V600 mutation positive patients could be included)
  9. A pre-treatment recent core, excision or punch biopsy must be provided for PD-L1 status determination prior to start the treatment and for exploratory biomarker analyses. The biopsy must be from an unresectable or metastatic site, and the subject must have had no intervening systemic therapy between the time of biopsy and the start of inclusion
  10. Patient must consent to allow the acquisition of existing formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) material (" archival ") (block or a minimum of 10 unstained slides) if available, for performance of correlatives studies
  11. Subjects must consent to allow the acquisition of blood samples: one during the week before the first nivolumab injection; the second 15 days +- 2 days after the first injection of nivolumab; the third between 15 and 30 days after the first radiotherapy session and the fourth at relapse, for performance of correlative studies,
  12. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status ≤1
  13. Within the last 2 weeks prior to study day 1 the following laboratory parameters, which should be within the ranges specified:
  14. Subjects affiliated to an appropriate social security system NB: Patients will be included regardless of the level of LDH.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. The patient requires concomitant chronic treatment with systemic corticosteroids or any other immunosuppressive agents 7 days prior to inclusion,
  2. Patient with brain(s) metastase(s), symptomatic(s) or not,
  3. Ocular or mucosal melanoma (unknown primary melanoma will be accepted),
  4. The patient has concurrent severe medical problems, unrelated to the malignancy, that would significantly limit full compliance with the study or expose the patient to unacceptable risk such as but not limited to: Cardiac insufficiency (III or IV as per NYHA classification), Renal insufficiency, ongoing infection,
  5. Subjects with previous malignancies (except non-melanoma skin cancers, in situ bladder cancer, gastric or colon cancers, cervical cancers/dysplasia or breast carcinoma in situ) are excluded unless a complete remission was achieved at least 2 years prior to study entry and no additional therapy is required or anticipated to be required during the study period,
  6. Uncontrolled infectious diseases - requires negative tests for clinically suspected HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). If positive results are not indicative of true active or chronic infection, the subject may enter the study after discussion and agreement between the Investigator and the Medical Monitor,
  7. Active Autoimmune disease: subjects with a documented history of inflammatory bowel disease, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are excluded from this study as are subjects with a history of symptomatic disease (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, systemic progressive sclerosis [scleroderma], Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, autoimmune vasculitis [e.g., Wegener's Granulomatosis]); subjects with vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll,
  8. Subjects with motor neuropathy considered of autoimmune origin (e.g., Guillain Barré Syndrome) are excluded from this study,
  9. Previous treatment with, chemotherapy, a CTLA-4 or PD-1/PD-L1 antagonist agent, including treatment in adjuvant setting for immunotherapy,
  10. The patient has psychiatric or addictive disorders that may compromise his/her ability to give informed consent or to comply with the trial procedures,
  11. Lack of availability for clinical follow-up assessments,
  12. Pregnant or lactating women (a blood pregnancy test will be conducted) and effective contraception will be used throughout the treatment for women of childbearing age,
  13. Participation in another clinical trial protocol within 30 days prior to enrolment,
  14. Persons protected by a legal regime (guardianship, trusteeship),
  15. Vulnerable patients, patients kept in detention

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02799901

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Contact: Vanina OLIVERI, project manager 0033 4 92 03 42 54 oliveri.v@chu-nice.Fr

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CHU d'Amiens Recruiting
Amiens, France
Contact: Jean Philippe ARNAUD, PU-PH         
Principal Investigator: Jean Philippe ARNAUD, PU-PH         
CH d'Annecy Active, not recruiting
Annecy, France
CHRU de Besançon Active, not recruiting
Besançon, France
Hôpital Ambroise Paré Not yet recruiting
Boulogne Billancourt, France
Contact: Philippe SAIAG, PU-PH         
Principal Investigator: Philippe SAIAG, PU-PH         
Hôpital Avicenne Active, not recruiting
Boulogne-Billancourt, France
CHU Hôpital Clemenceau Recruiting
Caen, France
Contact: Laurence VERNEUIL, PU-PH         
Principal Investigator: Laurence VERNEUIL, PU-PH         
CHU de Clermont Ferrand Recruiting
Clermont Ferrand, France
Contact: Sandrine MANSARD, PH         
Principal Investigator: Sandrine MANSARD, PH         
CHRU de Lille Recruiting
Lille, France
Contact: Laurent MORTIER, PU-PH         
Principal Investigator: Laurent MORTIER, PU-PH         
Hôpital Dupuytren Active, not recruiting
Limoges, France
Hospices civiles de Lyon Active, not recruiting
Lyon, France
CHU La Timone Not yet recruiting
Marseille, France
Contact: Jean Jacques GROB, PU-PH         
Principal Investigator: Jean Jacques GROB, PU-PH         
CHU de NIce Recruiting
Nice, France, 06200
Contact: Henri MONTAUDIE, PH         
Principal Investigator: Henri MONTAUDIE, PH         
Hôpital St Louis Not yet recruiting
Paris, France
Contact: Céleste LEBBE, PU-PH         
Principal Investigator: Celeste LEBBE, PU-PH         
CHU de Rouen Active, not recruiting
Rouen, France
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice
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Principal Investigator: Henri MONTAUDIE, PH Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02799901    
Other Study ID Numbers: 16-PP-02
First Posted: June 15, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 24, 2017
Last Verified: August 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice:
advanced melanoma
high dose radiotherapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action