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Crowdsourcing A Public Health Campaign

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02796963
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 13, 2016
Results First Posted : May 10, 2018
Last Update Posted : May 10, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
UNC-South China STD Research Training Center
UNC Center for AIDS Research
SESH Global
Guangdong Provincial Center for Skin Diseases and STI Control
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
University of Bristol
Shandong University
Shandong Province Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Guangdong Center for Disease Prevention and Control
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this stepped wedge randomized controlled trial is to evaluate the effectiveness of a crowdsourced intervention on promoting HIV testing among young Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM). The crowdsourced intervention will include an open contest, judging to determine finalists and prizes, a designathon, and contest-based MSM engagement. The hypothesis is that a crowdsourced intervention will be superior to conventional HIV test uptake campaigns in eliciting HIV test uptake.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Behavioral: Crowdsourced intervention Behavioral: Traditional intervention campaign Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
This study will use an adaptation of the stepped wedge randomized controlled trial design. A total of eight major metropolitan cities will implement the crowdsourced intervention. These cities will be chosen based on the following criteria: 1) previous Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) MSM sentinel surveillance site; 2) capacity for campaign implementation; 3) capacity for intervention implementation at the community level. Four cities will implement more intensive in-person events to promote engagement (Guangzhou, Shenzhen in Guangdong Province, Qingdao, and Jinan in Shandong Province) during survey intervention stage. The Randomized controlled trial (RCT) will be evaluated using two different sources of data: 1) online survey data from MSM in the eight cities prior to and after the intervention; 2) CDC routine surveillance data in the eight cities prior to and after the intervention.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1381 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Institute for Global Health & Infectious Diseases (IGHID) 11604 - Crowdsourcing to Promote HIV Testing: A Stepped Wedge Randomized Controlled Trial to Evaluate Promoting HIV Testing in China
Actual Study Start Date : July 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Immediate Intervention
Men will be exposed immediately to a comprehensive intervention promoting HIV testing.
Behavioral: Crowdsourced intervention
The crowdsourced intervention is composed of three phases that cumulatively draw on crowd wisdom to engage the community: (1) a crowdsourcing contest to solicit optimal images/concepts/taglines; (2) a designathon to formulate optimal HIV testing campaigns; (3) a process of localization unique to each of the eight cities.

Experimental: Delayed Intervention
Men will be exposed to a comprehensive intervention promoting HIV testing after a delay period.
Behavioral: Crowdsourced intervention
The crowdsourced intervention is composed of three phases that cumulatively draw on crowd wisdom to engage the community: (1) a crowdsourcing contest to solicit optimal images/concepts/taglines; (2) a designathon to formulate optimal HIV testing campaigns; (3) a process of localization unique to each of the eight cities.

Behavioral: Traditional intervention campaign
The pre-intervention period will include conventional HIV testing campaigns organized by local CDC, Community-Based Organization (CBO), and partners. These are typically designed by experts and social marketing companies.
Other Name: Conventional HIV testing campaign




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM) Reporting HIV Testing in the Past Three Months [ Time Frame: From implementation roll-out to three months after implementation of crowdsourced intervention ]
    This will be assessed by self-report during a follow-up survey


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Cost of Developing and Implementing the Entire HIV Test Promotion Intervention, in United States Dollars (USD) Per Person Tested for HIV in the Last Six Months [ Time Frame: Six months after implementation of the crowdsourced intervention ]
    Analysis of costs in USD associated with all aspects of the respective interventions per person tested for HIV in the last six months (human personnel, office space, pamphlets and flyers, social media promotion, in-person events, and all related costs associated with each intervention).

  2. Number of Men Reporting Condomless Sex at 3 Months Post-intervention [ Time Frame: From implementation roll-out to three months after implementation of crowdsourced intervention ]
  3. HIV Testing Social Norms [ Time Frame: From implementation roll-out to three months after implementation of crowdsourced intervention ]
    HIV testing social norms will be measured using six survey items that are each on a five-point Likert scale. Increased HIV testing social norms will be defined as having an increase from baseline in any two of these six survey items and dichotomized accordingly. Number of men who report higher score of social norms when comparing their pre-intervention and post-intervention values

  4. Change in HIV Testing Self-efficacy [ Time Frame: From implementation roll-out to three months after implementation of crowdsourced intervention ]
    Number of men who report higher levels of self-efficacy when comparing their pre-intervention and post-intervention HIV testing norms

  5. Community Engagement/ MSM Community Affiliation [ Time Frame: From implementation roll-out to three months after implementation of crowdsourced intervention ]
    Number of men, defined as an increase in closer affiliation with the MSM community (i.e., tongzhi circle, gay online networks or groups) when comparing their pre-intervention and post-intervention periods.

  6. Number of Men Reporting Engaged in HIV Testing Community Campaign in the Past 3 Months [ Time Frame: From implementation roll-out to three months after implementation of crowdsourced intervention ]
  7. Number of Men Reporting Being Self-tested for HIV in the Last 3 Months Post-intervention [ Time Frame: From implementation roll-out to three months after implementation of crowdsourced intervention ]
  8. Mean Score of Anticipated HIV Stigma [ Time Frame: From implementation roll-out to three months after implementation of crowdsourced intervention ]
    Measured by a 7-item version of the anticipated HIV stigma scale, designed to measure the extent to which participants anticipated negative intrapersonal and interpersonal consequences were they to contract HIV in the future. All seven items were rated on a Likert-type scale (1=Strongly Disagree; 4=Strongly Agree). The mean score is reported, ranged from 1 to 4. Higher values indicate greater anticipated stigma.

  9. Number of Men Reporting Being Tested for Syphilis in the Last 3 Months Post-intervention [ Time Frame: From implementation roll-out to three months after implementation of crowdsourced intervention ]
  10. Number of Men Reporting Using Weibo in the Past Three Months Post-intervention to Give or Receive Information About HIV Testing [ Time Frame: From implementation roll-out to three months after implementation of crowdsourced intervention ]
  11. Number of Men Reporting Using Wechat in the Past Three Months Post-intervention to Give or Receive Information About HIV Testing [ Time Frame: From implementation roll-out to three months after implementation of crowdsourced intervention ]
  12. Number of Men Reporting Using Tencent QQ (QQ) in the Past Three Months Post-intervention to Give or Receive Information About HIV Testing [ Time Frame: From implementation roll-out to three months after implementation of crowdsourced intervention ]
  13. Number of Men Reporting Using Mobile Apps in the Past Three Months Post-intervention to Give or Receive Information About HIV Testing [ Time Frame: From implementation roll-out to three months after implementation of crowdsourced intervention ]
    Frequency of men, defined as the number of men who reported using mobile apps in the past three months to give or receive information about HIV testing comparing their pre-intervention and post-intervention engagement

  14. Number of Men Reporting Received HIV Self-testing Kits in the Last 3 Months Post-intervention [ Time Frame: From implementation roll-out to three months after implementation of crowdsourced intervention ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Currently living and planning to live in one of the eight cities used in the study in the next 12 months.
  • Not living with HIV
  • No HIV test in the past three months
  • Born biologically male and identify as either male or transgender female
  • Had anal or oral sex with men at least once during their lifetime
  • 16 years or older
  • Willing to provide cell phone number
  • Complete the informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women are excluded from this study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02796963


Sponsors and Collaborators
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
UNC-South China STD Research Training Center
UNC Center for AIDS Research
SESH Global
Guangdong Provincial Center for Skin Diseases and STI Control
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
University of Bristol
Shandong University
Shandong Province Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Guangdong Center for Disease Prevention and Control
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Joseph D Tucker, MD, PhD jdtucker@med.unc.edu
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill:

Additional Information:
Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02796963     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 16-0851
R01AI114310 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: June 13, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 10, 2018
Last Update Posted: May 10, 2018
Last Verified: February 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Keywords provided by University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill:
HIV
MSM
test uptake
crowdsourcing