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Tremelimumab and Durvalumab in Combination or Alone in Treating Patients With Recurrent Malignant Glioma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02794883
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 9, 2016
Last Update Posted : January 12, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
AstraZeneca
MedImmune LLC
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jeffrey Raizer, Northwestern University

Brief Summary:
The main purpose of this trial is to investigate the effects of a new class of drugs that help the patient's immune system attack their tumor (glioblastoma multiforme - GBM). These drugs have already shown benefit in some other cancer types and are now being explored in GBM. Both tremelimumab and durvalumab (MEDI4736) are "investigational" drugs, which means that the drugs are not approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Both drugs are antibodies (proteins used by the immune system to fight infections and cancers). Durvalumab attaches to a protein in tumors called PD-L1. It may prevent cancer growth by helping certain blood cells of the immune system get rid of the tumor. Tremelimumab stimulates (wakes up) the immune system to attack the tumor by inhibiting a protein molecule called CTLA-4 on immune cells. Combining the actions of these drugs may result in better treatment options for patients with glioblastoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Malignant Glioma Recurrent Glioblastoma Biological: Durvalumab Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Procedure: Surgical Procedure Biological: Tremelimumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the T-cell changes that occur in glioblastoma (GBM) treated with tremelimumab and durvalumab (MEDI4736) as single agents and in combination.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the safety of either tremelimumab or MEDI4736 alone and in combination in patients with GBM.

II. To determine the time to progression for patients treated with either tremelimumab or MEDI4736 alone and in combination of both, post-surgery.

III. To determine the overall survival for patients treated with tremelimumab or MEDI4736 alone and in combination of both post-surgery.

IV. To assess magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) changes in patients treated with either tremelimumab or MEDI4736 alone and in combination of both post-surgery.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To correlate T-cell changes and programmed death ligand 1 (PDL1) expression with patient outcomes.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 arms.

ARM 1: Patients receive tremelimumab intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on day 1. Courses repeat every 4 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM 2: Patients receive durvalumab IV over 1 hour on days 1 and 15. Courses repeat every 2 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM 3: Patients receive tremelimumab IV over 1 hour on day 1 then, after a gap of 1 hour for the first cycle, durvalumab IV over 1 hour on days 1 and 15. Courses repeat every 4 weeks with tremelimumab for up to 7 courses and every 2 weeks with durvalumab for up to 14 courses. Patients then receive both tremelimumab and durvalumab IV over 1 hour every 12 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

All patients undergo surgical tumor resection on day 14.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 8-16 weeks for 2 years.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 36 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II, Open Label, Clinical Trial Of Pre-Surgical and Adjuvant Treatment of Recurrent Malignant Glioma With Tremelimumab and Durvalumab (MEDI4736) Alone and in Combination to Determine Immunologic Changes From Treatment
Study Start Date : September 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Durvalumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Treatment (durvalumab)
Patients receive durvalumab IV over 1 hour on days 1 and 15. Courses repeat every 2 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: Durvalumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Immunoglobulin G1, Anti-(Human Protein B7-H1) (Human Monoclonal MEDI4736 Heavy Chain), Disulfide with Human Monoclonal MEDI4736 Kappa-chain, Dimer
  • MEDI-4736
  • MEDI4736

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative Studies

Procedure: Surgical Procedure
Undergo surgical tumor resection
Other Names:
  • Operation
  • Surgery
  • Surgical
  • Surgical Interventions
  • Surgical Procedures

Active Comparator: Treatment (tremelimumab and durvalumab)
Patients receive tremelimumab IV over 1 hour on day 1 then durvalumab IV over 1 hour on days 1 and 15. Courses repeat every 4 weeks for up to 7 courses. Patients then receive both tremelimumab and durvalumab IV over 1 hour every 12 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: Durvalumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Immunoglobulin G1, Anti-(Human Protein B7-H1) (Human Monoclonal MEDI4736 Heavy Chain), Disulfide with Human Monoclonal MEDI4736 Kappa-chain, Dimer
  • MEDI-4736
  • MEDI4736

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative Studies

Procedure: Surgical Procedure
Undergo surgical tumor resection
Other Names:
  • Operation
  • Surgery
  • Surgical
  • Surgical Interventions
  • Surgical Procedures

Biological: Tremelimumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anti-CTLA4 Human Monoclonal Antibody CP-675,206
  • CP-675
  • CP-675,206
  • CP-675206
  • Ticilimumab

Experimental: Treatment (tremelimumab)
Patients receive tremelimumab IV over 1 hour on day 1. Courses repeat every 4 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative Studies

Procedure: Surgical Procedure
Undergo surgical tumor resection
Other Names:
  • Operation
  • Surgery
  • Surgical
  • Surgical Interventions
  • Surgical Procedures

Biological: Tremelimumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anti-CTLA4 Human Monoclonal Antibody CP-675,206
  • CP-675
  • CP-675,206
  • CP-675206
  • Ticilimumab




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. T-cell (immunologic) changes in blood [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Determine the T-cell changes that occur in GBM treated with Tremelimumab and MEDI4736 as single agents and in combination. The changes from baseline will be assessed in blood samples before treatment, during treatment, and post-surgery for all patients in the 3 arms. A comparison between the changes observed in the 3 arms will be made.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. MRI changes [ Time Frame: At baseline and within 72 hours after surgery ]
    To assess MRI changes in patients treated with either Tremelimumab or MEDI4736 alone and in combination of both postsurgery.

  2. Incidence of Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Up to 90 days post last dose ]
    To evaluate the safety of either Tremelimumab or MEDI4736 alone and in combination in patients with GBM by evaluating number, frequency, and severity of adverse events using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.03

  3. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Determine the overall survival for patients treated with Tremelimumab or MEDI4736 alone and in combination of both post-surgery. This will be defined as the number of months surviving which will be measured from the time of first dose of study treatment for up to 2 years.

  4. Time to progression [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Time to progression will be defined as the time from first treatment to documented disease progression per the Modified Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) criteria and iRANO (immunotherapy Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology) criteria.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. T-cell changes [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Immunologic changes of T-cells will be correlated to survival outcomes. T-cell changes will be measured from blood samples.

  2. PDL1 expression [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Immunologic changes of PDL1 levels will be correlated to survival outcomes. PDL1 levels will be measured from blood samples.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have a grade III or IV glioma that has progressed after standard radiotherapy (RT) and temozolomide (TMZ) (Note: Pathology will need to be reviewed locally but registration can occur based on pathology report)
  • Patients must have had radiographic evidence of tumor progression by brain MRI or computed tomography (CT) scan with contrast
  • Patients must be > 12 weeks from completion of radiation therapy unless there is tissue confirmation of tumor recurrence or there is progression outside the radiation treatment field
  • Prior therapy with gamma knife or other focal high-dose radiotherapy is allowed, but the patient must have subsequent histologic documentation of recurrence, unless the recurrence occurs remote from the treated site
  • Patients must be surgical candidates
  • Patients must have had no more than 3 prior lines of chemotherapy; this includes the initial treatment and two relapses; concurrent and adjuvant TMZ-based chemotherapy, including the combination of TMZ with another agent, is considered one line of chemotherapy; for clarification, please contact the principle investigator (PI), Dr. Jeffrey Raizer, at (312) 695-0990
  • Patients must be >=

    • 4 weeks from TMZ
    • 6 weeks from a nitrosoureas
    • 3 weeks from a biologic or targeted agent (i.e. small molecule)
    • 4 weeks for a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor (i.e. bevacizumab)
  • Patients must exhibit a Karnofsky performance status (KPS) >= 70
  • Life expectancy of >= 12 weeks (per treating investigator's discretion)
  • Patients must be on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroids within 5 days prior to CT scan or MRI (which is done to determine eligibility); the goal should be dexamethasone 4 mg or less at the time of starting treatment; if patient requires > 4mg of steroid, please check with the principle investigator (PI); requirement for greater than 10mg of steroid will make the patient ineligible
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcl
  • Hemoglobin (Hb) > 10.0 g/dL (can be transfused to this level)
  • International Normalized Ratio (INR), prothrombin time (PT), or activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) as follows:

    • In the absence of therapeutic intent to anticoagulate the patient: INR < 1.5 or PT < 1.5 x upper normal limit (ULN) or aPTT < 1.5 x ULN
    • In the presence of therapeutic intent to anticoagulate the patient: INR or PT and aPTT within therapeutic limits (according to the medical standard in the institution) and the patient has been on a stable dose of anticoagulants for at least 2 weeks before registration
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN (except in patients with Gilbert's disease)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT)/ alanine aminotransferase (ALT) serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SPGT) =< 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Serum creatinine < 1.5 x ULN
  • Serum creatinine clearance (CL) > 40 mL/min by the Cockcroft-Gault formula (Cockcroft and Gault 1976) or by 24-hour urine collection for determination of creatinine clearance
  • Females of child-bearing potential (FOCBP) and males must agree to use adequate contraception (e.g. hormonal or barrier method of birth control prior to registration, for the duration of study participation, and for 180 days after the last dose of MEDI4736 + tremelimumab combination therapy or 90 days after the last dose of MEDI4736 or tremelimumab monotherapy; should a female patient become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately

NOTE: A FOCBP is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets both of the following criteria:

  • Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy
  • Has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months (and therefore has not been naturally postmenopausal for > 12 months)

    • FOCBP must have a negative pregnancy test (serum or urine) within 7 days prior to registration on study
    • Patients must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent prior to registration on study
    • Subject is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations including follow up
    • Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease >=3 years before the first dose of study drug and of low potential risk for recurrence; NOTE: the exceptions to this requirement include adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna or carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease
    • Patients can only be on non-enzyme inducing anti-convulsants; if they are on an enzyme inducing anti-convulsant, they may be converted to a non-enzyme inducing anti-convulsants but they will need a 2 week wash out period from time of drug discontinuation until day 1 of study treatment
    • Patients must have given written, signed and dated informed consent prior to registration on the study; NOTE: no study-specific screening procedures may be performed until consent has been given

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Involvement in the planning and/or conduct of the study (applies to both AstraZeneca staff and/or staff at the study site); previous enrolment or randomization in the present study
  • Has received prior therapy with an anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), anti-programmed cell death ligand 2 (PD-L2), anti-cluster of differentiation (CD)137, or anti-Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) antibody (including ipilimumab or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways)
  • Has known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B virus antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis c virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected)
  • Known active human immunodeficiency virus (HIV1/2 antibodies)
  • Patient has history of primary immunodeficiency OR has received any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment, excluding intranasal and inhaled corticosteroids or systemic corticosteroids at physiological doses; attempts should be made to have patient on lowest possible dose of steroids (acceptable range 4-10mg, please contact PI if dose is >4 mg) and weaned to off as is feasible
  • Patients receiving any other investigational chemotherapeutic agents within 30 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment
  • Mean QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) >= 470 ms calculated from an electrocardiograms (ECGs) using Bazett's Correction; if first ECG is abnormal, then the mean will be calculated from 3 consecutive ECGs (taken 2-5 minutes apart); please contact the PI for further clarification
  • Active or prior documented history of immunologic disorder including autoimmune disease within the past 2 years NOTE: Subjects with vitiligo, Grave's disease, or psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment (within the past 2 years) are not excluded
  • Active or prior documented inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis)
  • History of allogeneic organ transplant
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to,

    • Ongoing or active infection,
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure,
    • Uncontrolled hypertension (defined as > 150/90)
    • Unstable angina pectoris,
    • Cardiac arrhythmia,
    • Active peptic ulcer disease or gastritis,
    • Active bleeding diatheses
    • Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements or compromise the ability of the subject to give written informed consent
  • Known history of previous clinical diagnosis of tuberculosis
  • History of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
  • Receipt of live attenuated vaccination within 30 days prior to study entry (or due to receive one within 30 days of receiving either MEDI4736 or tremelimumab)
  • Female subjects who are pregnant, breast-feeding or male or female patients of reproductive potential who are not employing an effective method of birth control
  • Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with evaluation of study treatment or interpretation of patient safety or study results
  • Subjects with uncontrolled seizures
  • Patients who have a history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to MEDI3475 are not eligible

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02794883


Contacts
Contact: Study Coordinator (312)695-1301 cancertrials@northwestern.edu

Locations
United States, Illinois
Northwestern University Recruiting
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
Contact: Jeffrey Raizer, MD    312-503-4724    jraizer@nmff.org   
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey J. Raizer, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Orin Bloch, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Priya Kumthekar, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Matthew Tate, MD, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: James Chandler, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Northwestern University
AstraZeneca
MedImmune LLC
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey Raizer, MD Northwestern University

Responsible Party: Jeffrey Raizer, Jeffrey Raizer, MD, Northwestern University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02794883     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NU 15C03
STU00202283 ( CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
NU 15C03 ( Other Identifier: Northwestern University )
P30CA060553 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
NCI-2016-00665 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
First Posted: June 9, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 12, 2018
Last Verified: January 2018

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Glioblastoma
Glioma
Astrocytoma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunoglobulins
Immunoglobulin G
Tremelimumab
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents