COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC:

Get the latest research information from NIH: Menu

Study of Equivalence of Generic Pimecrolimus Cream 1% and Elidel® 1% in Subjects With Mild to Moderate Atopic Dermatitis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02791308
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 6, 2016
Results First Posted : April 24, 2020
Last Update Posted : May 29, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Actavis Inc.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to compare the safety and efficacy profiles of Watson Laboratories, Inc.'s Pimecrolimus Cream, 1% to those of Valeant Pharmaceuticals North America LLC's Elidel® (pimecrolimus) Cream, 1%, and to demonstrate the superior efficacy of the two active creams over that of the placebo (Vehicle of test product), in the treatment of mild to moderate atopic dermatitis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Atopic Dermatitis Drug: Pimecrolimus Cream 1% (Valeant) Drug: Vehicle cream Drug: Pimecrolimus Cream, 1% Phase 3

Detailed Description:
Pimecrolimus cream, 1% is a calcineurin inhibitor immunosuppressant. Pimecrolimus inhibits T cell activation by blocking the transcription of early cytokines. Pimecrolimus cream, 1% is indicated as second-line therapy for the short-term and non-continuous chronic treatment of mild-to-moderate atopic dermatitis in non-immunocompromised adults and children 2 years of age and older who have failed to respond adequately to other topical prescription treatments, or when those treatments are not advisable. This study is being conducted to evaluate the clinical bioequivalence of sponsor's formulation of Pimecrolimus Cream, 1%, the Test product, and Elidel Cream, 1%, the Reference product. A vehicle control arm is included to demonstrate that the Test and Reference products are active and to establish that the study is sufficiently sensitive to detect differences between products.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 587 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Double-Blind Randomized Vehicle Controlled Study Evaluating Safety and Bioequivalence of Generic Pimecrolimus Cream 1% and Elidel® Comparing Both Active Treatments to a Vehicle Control in Treatment of Mild to Moderate Atopic Dermatitis
Study Start Date : February 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Eczema

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pimecrolimus Cream, 1%
Pimecrolimus Cream, 1% (Actavis)
Drug: Pimecrolimus Cream, 1%
Other Name: Pimecrolimus Cream, 1% (Actavis)

Active Comparator: Elidel Cream, 1%
Reference listed drug: Elidel 1% cream (Valeant Pharmaceuticals North America LLC)
Drug: Pimecrolimus Cream 1% (Valeant)
Other Name: Elidel® (pimecrolimus) Cream, 1% (Valeant)

Placebo Comparator: Vehicle Cream
Cream vehicle of the test product (Actavis)
Drug: Vehicle cream
Other Name: Vehicle of test product (Actavis)

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Subjects With Treatment Success at Visit 4/Day 15 [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Percentage of subjects in each treatment group with treatment success, defined as a grade of clear or almost clear (a score of 0 or 1 on the IGA) within all treatment areas at the end of treatment on Visit 4/Day 15

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 90 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Willing and able to provide written informed consent/assent for the study.
  • Non-immunocompromised male or female aged 12 years or older.
  • A clinical diagnosis of mild to moderate atopic dermatitis that has failed to respond adequately to other topical prescription treatments for atopic dermatitis, or subjects for whom the use of those other treatments is deemed inadvisable.
  • A diagnosis of atopic dermatitis for at least 3 months.
  • A baseline Investigator's Global Assessment (IGA) of disease severity of mild or moderate (score of 2 or 3).
  • An affected area of atopic dermatitis involvement of at least 5% of the body surface area (BSA) at Visit 2/Day 1 (Baseline), as defined by the criteria of Hanifin and Rajka (1980).
  • Treatment with a bland emollient for at least 7 days prior to Visit 2/Day 1 (Baseline).
  • Agree to adhere to protocol-specified requirements and concomitant therapy restrictions.
  • Willing to avoid constant sun exposure and the use of tanning booths or other UV light sources during participation in the study.
  • In general good health, non-immunocompromised, and free from any clinically significant disease, other than atopic dermatitis, that might interfere with the study evaluations.
  • Willing and able to understand and comply with the requirements of the study, apply the study medication as instructed, return for the required study visits, comply with therapy prohibitions, and complete the study.
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential (excluding women who are surgically sterilized [hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral ovariectomy] or have been postmenopausal for at least 1 year) must have a negative urine pregnancy test and must be willing to use a medically accepted method of contraception during the study. The following are considered acceptable methods of birth control for the purpose of this study: oral contraceptives, contraceptive patches, contraceptive implant, vaginal contraceptive, double barrier methods (e.g., condom and spermicide), contraceptive injection (Depo-Provera®), intrauterine device (IUD), hormonal IUD (Mirena®), Essure® permanent birth control, and abstinence with a documented second acceptable method of birth control if the subject becomes sexually active. Subjects entering the study who are on hormonal contraceptives must have been on the method for at least 90 days prior to the study and continue the method for the duration of the study. Subjects who had used hormonal contraception and stopped must have stopped no less than 90 days prior to Visit 1.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Females who were pregnant, breastfeeding, intending to become pregnant during the study, or who did not agree to use an acceptable form of birth control during the study.
  • Active cutaneous bacterial or viral infection in any proposed treatment area at Visit 2/Baseline (e.g., clinically infected atopic dermatitis).
  • Sunburn, extensive scarring, or pigmented lesion(s) in any treatment area at Visit 2/Baseline that would interfere with the study evaluations.
  • History of confounding skin conditions, e.g., psoriasis, rosacea, erythroderma, or ichthyosis.
  • History or presence of Netherton's Syndrome, immunological deficiencies or diseases, HIV, diabetes, malignancy, serious active or recurrent infection, clinically significant severe renal insufficiency, or severe hepatic disorders.
  • Use of any treatment listed in Table 9.1 more recently than the indicated washout period prior to Visit 2/Baseline.
  • Need or intent to continue to use any treatment listed in Table 9.1 during the current study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02791308

Show Show 53 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Actavis Inc.
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Beth Landis Senior Clinical Project Manager
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Actavis Inc. Identifier: NCT02791308    
Other Study ID Numbers: SYM 2014-03
First Posted: June 6, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 24, 2020
Last Update Posted: May 29, 2020
Last Verified: May 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Dermatitis, Atopic
Skin Diseases
Skin Diseases, Genetic
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Skin Diseases, Eczematous
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Immune System Diseases
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Calcineurin Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action