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Immunogenicity of Recombinant Vesicular Stomatitis Vaccine for Ebola-Zaire (rVSV[Delta]G-ZEBOV-GP) for Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PREP) in People at Potential Occupational Risk for Ebola Virus Exposure

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02788227
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : June 2, 2016
Last Update Posted : September 20, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )

Brief Summary:

Background:

The Ebola virus causes a severe disease. It can be fatal. The usual incubation period after being exposed is 2 to 21 days. There is no approved treatment for Ebola infection. There is also no vaccine to prevent infection either before or after exposure. Researchers want to test an Ebola vaccine. They want to give it to people before they are exposed to the virus in order to prevent the disease.

Objectives:

To see how long-lasting and effective the vaccine rVSV[delta]G ZEBOV-GP (V920) is at preventing Ebola.

Eligibility:

Healthy adults at risk of exposure to the Ebola virus at work through lab or clinical contact.

Design:

Participants will be screened with medical history, physical exam, and blood tests.

Participants will get the study vaccine. It will be injected into their upper arm.

Participants will be monitored closely for at least 30 minutes. They will get a diary card to record any symptoms they have from the vaccine for up to 14 days.

Participants will have study visits at 1, 3, and 6 months after they get the vaccine, then every 6 months (that is, at months 12, 18, 19, 24, 30, and 36 of study) for a total of 36 months.

Eighteen months after they join the study, participants will be randomly assigned to one of two groups. One group will get a second (or booster ) dose of the vaccine. The other group will not get a second dose.

This study lasts 36 months.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Volunteers Drug: rVSVdeltaG-ZEBOV GP (2X 107 pfu/mL) Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Between 1994 and the present, there have been multiple Ebolavirus outbreaks affecting mostly central Africa. However, the 2014/2015 West African outbreak significantly exceeds all previous outbreaks in geographic range, number of individuals affected, and in disruption of typical activities of civil society.

This protocol is a multi-center study to evaluate the durability of the immune response following the open label administration of the investigational rVSVdeltaG-ZEBOV-GP vaccine (V920) as pre-exposure prophylaxis for adults who have an occupational risk for potential exposure to Ebola virus. The vaccine uses a live replicating vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) replacing the gene encoding the G envelope glycoprotein with the gene encoding the envelope glycoprotein from the Zaire strain of Ebola (rVSVdeltaG-ZEBOV-GP also known as V920).

All subjects will receive a single dose of rVSVdeltaG-ZEBOV-GP (2 x 10^7 pfu) on Day 0. We will collect adverse events after vaccination and at Month 1 and Month 19, serious adverse events (SAE) for the duration of the study, and assess the immune response at Months 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, 19, 24, 30, and 36.

A single booster immunization with the same dose of study vaccine as the primary dose (2 x 10^7 pfu/mL) will be given to those randomized at month 18 to the booster arm of the trial. However, if at any time during the observation period antibody levels fall below a predefined seroprotective threshold (yet to be defined in parallel or newly planned studies), a booster will be offered to those who have not previously received a booster injection.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 18 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: A Multicenter Study of the Immunogenicity of Recombinant Vesicular Stomatitis Vaccine for Ebola-Zaire (rVSVdeltaG-ZEBOV GP) for Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis in Individuals at Potential Occupational Risk for Ebola Virus Exposure (PREPARE)
Study Start Date : January 12, 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 31, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 21, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Ebola

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
Open label vaccine arm with booster.
Drug: rVSVdeltaG-ZEBOV GP (2X 107 pfu/mL)
The vaccine uses a live replicating vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) replacing the gene encoding the G envelope glycoprotein with the gene encoding the envelope glycoprotein from the Zaire strain of Ebola (rVSVdeltaG-ZEBOV GP also known asV920).




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluate the durability of the immune response to rVSVdeltaG-ZEBOV GP vaccine (V920) over 3 years, in the setting of pre-exposure prophylaxis. [ Time Frame: months 1,3,6 after vaccination, then every six months for a total of 36 months of study ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Exploratory: Determine the immune response to a booster immunization, if given, following primary vaccination with the rVCVdeltaG-ZEBOV GP vaccine (v920), in the setting of pre-exposure prophylaxis. A booster immunization with the same dose of ... [ Time Frame: months 1,3,6 after vaccination, then every six months for a total of 36 months on study ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

-INCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Adults age greater than equal to 18 years.
  2. Signed informed consent for the trial.
  3. At risk of occupational exposure to Ebola virus through laboratory, clinical contact, or field work, in the judgment of the investigator.
  4. Females of childbearing potential must be willing to use effective methods of contraception, from at least 30 days prior to vaccination through 1 month following vaccination/booster, which would include:

    • oral contraceptives, either combined or progestogen alone
    • injectable progestogen
    • implants of etenogestrel or levonorgestrel
    • oestrogenic vaginal ring
    • percutaneous contraceptive patches
    • intrauterine device or intrauterine system
    • committed to abstinence from potentially reproductive sexual contact [i.e. will NOT engage in heterosexual intercourse where both partners are capable of reproduction]
    • surgical sterilization
    • male condom combined with a spermicide
  5. All males must be willing to use effective methods of contraception for at least 1 month following vaccination/booster, which would include:

    • surgical sterilization
    • male condom combined with a spermicide
  6. Willing to minimize blood and body fluid exposure to others for at least 14 days after vaccination/booster. This includes:

    • Use of effective barrier prophylaxis, such as latex condoms, during any sexual interaction (regardless of childbearing status or sexual orientation)
    • Avoiding the sharing of needles, razors, eating utensils, drinking from the same cup, or toothbrushes
    • Avoiding open-mouth kissing
    • Use of universal precautions in the health-care setting
  7. Agrees not to receive another investigational agent between vaccination and the Month 1 study visit (and booster and Month 19 study visit).
  8. Willing to forgo blood donation for one year from vaccination/booster.
  9. Willing to accept randomization (boost versus no boost) at month 18 visit.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Any condition that would limit the ability of the participant to meet protocol requirements or would place the participant at unreasonable risk. Examples include:

    • Clinically significant medical condition, physical examination findings, clinically significant abnormal laboratory results, or past medical history with clinically significant implications for current health, per the investigator. A clinically significant condition or process includes but is not limited to:

      1. A process that would adversely affect the systemic immune response
      2. A process that would require medication that might adversely affect the systemic immune response
      3. Any contraindication to repeated injections or blood draws
      4. A condition that requires active medical intervention or monitoring to avert grave danger to the participant s health or well-being during the study period
      5. A condition or process for which signs or symptoms could be confused with reactions to vaccine
    • Presence of any pre-existing illness or clinical history that, in the opinion of the investigator, would place the participant at an unreasonably increased risk through participation in this study. This includes but is not limited to:

      1. Active malignancy
      2. History of Guillain-Barr(SqrRoot)(Copyright) Syndrome
      3. History of neurological disorder that may increase risk (history of encephalitis, stroke, or seizure)
      4. Active autoimmune disorder requiring systemic immunosuppressive treatment
    • Any concomitant medication for which reported side effects or adverse events, in the judgment of the investigator, may interfere with assessment of safety.
    • Subjects who, in the judgment of the investigator, will be unlikely or unable to comply with the requirements of this protocol.
  2. Positive urine or serum pregnancy test
  3. Women who are currently breast-feeding.
  4. Known allergy to the components of the rVSV G-ZEBOV-GP vaccine (V920) vaccine product (VSV, albumin, tris).
  5. History of severe local or systemic reactions to any vaccination.
  6. Received an investigational drug within 5 half-lives or 30 days, whichever is longer, prior to vaccination (Day 0)/booster (Month 18).
  7. Received licensed killed vaccines 14 days before vaccination (Day0)/booster (Month 18).
  8. Received live virus vaccines within 30 days before, or intention to receive live virus vaccines within 30 days following, vaccination (Day 0)/booster (Month 18).
  9. Received immunoglobulins and/or any blood products within the 120 days preceding vaccination (Day 0)/booster (Month 18).
  10. Received allergy treatment with antigen injections within 30 days before vaccination (Day 0)/booster (Month 18).Clinical evidence (e.g. oral temp >38 degrees Celsius, systemic symptoms) of a systemic infection or other acute intercurrent illness at the proposed time of vaccination (Day 0)/booster (Month 18).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02788227


Locations
United States, Georgia
Hope Clinic - Emory Vaccine Ctr
Decatur, Georgia, United States, 30030
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Canada
Public Health Agency of Canada
Winnipeg, Canada
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Richard T Davey, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02788227     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 160053
16-I-0053
First Posted: June 2, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 20, 2018
Last Verified: September 18, 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) ):
Ebola Vaccine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stomatitis
Vesicular Stomatitis
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Rhabdoviridae Infections
Mononegavirales Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs