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Safety, Tolerability and Immunogenicity Study of Different Vaccine Regimens of Trivalent Ad26.Mos.HIV or Tetravalent Ad26.Mos4.HIV Along With Clade C Glycoprotein (gp)140 in Healthy Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-Uninfected Adults

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02788045
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 2, 2016
Results First Posted : June 9, 2023
Last Update Posted : June 9, 2023
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety/tolerability of the 2 different vaccine regimens of priming with trivalent Ad26.Mos.HIV and boosting with trivalent Ad26.Mos.HIV and Clade C gp140 plus adjuvant or priming with tetravalent Ad26.Mos4.HIV and boosting with Ad26.Mos4.HIV and Clade C glycoprotein (gp)140 plus adjuvant. Immune responses of the different vaccine schedules will be assessed.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Biological: Ad26.Mos.HIV Biological: Ad26.Mos4.HIV Biological: Clade C gp140 Drug: Placebo Phase 1 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 201 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomized, Parallel-Group, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Phase 1/2a Study in Healthy HIV Uninfected Adults to Assess the Safety/Tolerability and Immunogenicity of 2 Different Prime/Boost Regimens; Priming With Trivalent Ad26.Mos.HIV and Boosting With Trivalent Ad26.Mos.HIV And Clade C Gp140 Plus Adjuvant or Priming With Tetravalent Ad26.Mos4.HIV and Boosting With Tetravalent Ad26.Mos4.HIV and Clade C Gp140 Plus Adjuvant
Actual Study Start Date : July 8, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 25, 2022
Actual Study Completion Date : April 25, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS Vaccines

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group 1A: Ad26.Mos.HIV
Participants will receive Ad26.Mos.HIV vaccine at Week 0 and 12, followed by Ad26.Mos.HIV vaccine + Clade C glycoprotein 140 vaccine containing 250 micrograms (mcg) of total protein mixed with adjuvant (aluminum phosphate) at Week 24 and 48.
Biological: Ad26.Mos.HIV
Recombinant replication-deficient Ad26 vectored vaccine and consists of 3 Ad26 vectors, one containing a mosaic insert of envelope (Env) sequence, and 2 vectors containing mosaic inserts of Gag and Pol sequences (Ad26.Mos.1.Env + Ad26.Mos1.Gag-Pol + Ad26.Mos2.Gag-Pol). Total dose is 5*10^10 viral particle per 0.5 milliliter (mL) injection administered intramuscularly.

Biological: Clade C gp140
Clade C gp140 vaccine containing 250 mcg of total protein, mixed with aluminum phosphate adjuvant, per 0.5 mL injection administered intramuscularly.

Placebo Comparator: Group 1B: Placebo
Participants will receive placebo at Weeks 0, 12, 24 and 48.
Drug: Placebo
Normal saline 0.9 percent (%), 0.5 mL injection administered intramuscularly.

Experimental: Group 2A: Ad26.Mos4.HIV
Participants will receive Ad26.Mos4.HIV vaccine at Week 0 and 12; followed by Ad26.Mos4.HIV vaccine + Clade C glycoprotein 140 vaccine containing 250 micrograms (mcg) of total protein mixed with adjuvant (aluminum phosphate) at Week 24 and 48. Participants will be included in an optional Long-term Extension (LTE) phase (3 years or 4 years Follow-up after Week 72, every 6 months visit) to assess immunogenicity and safety (serious adverse events [SAEs]).
Biological: Ad26.Mos4.HIV
Recombinant replication-deficient Ad26 vectored vaccine and consists of 4 Ad26 vectors, 2 containing a mosaic insert of envelope (Env) sequence, and 2 vectors containing mosaic inserts of Gag and Pol sequences (Ad26.Mos.1.Env + Ad26.Mos.2S.Env + Ad26.Mos1.Gag-Pol + Ad26.Mos2.Gag-Pol). Total dose is 5*10^10 viral particle per 0.5mL injection administered intramuscularly.

Biological: Clade C gp140
Clade C gp140 vaccine containing 250 mcg of total protein, mixed with aluminum phosphate adjuvant, per 0.5 mL injection administered intramuscularly.

Placebo Comparator: Group 2B: Placebo
Participants will receive placebo at Weeks 0, 12, 24 and 48.
Drug: Placebo
Normal saline 0.9 percent (%), 0.5 mL injection administered intramuscularly.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Solicited Local Adverse Events (AEs) Post First Vaccination [ Time Frame: 7 days after first vaccination on Day 1 (Day 8) ]
    Solicited local AEs were predefined local events (at the injection site: erythema, induration, swelling, itching and warmth) that were by definition considered as related to the study vaccine and collected within 7 days after vaccination.

  2. Percentage of Participants With Solicited Local AEs Post Second Vaccination [ Time Frame: 7 days after second vaccination on Day 85 (Day 92) ]
    Solicited local AEs were predefined local events (at the injection site: erythema, induration, swelling, itching and warmth) that were by definition considered as related to the study vaccine and collected within 7 days after vaccination.

  3. Percentage of Participants With Solicited Local AEs Post Third Vaccination [ Time Frame: 7 days after third vaccination on Day 169 (Day 176) ]
    Solicited local AEs were predefined local events (at the injection site: erythema, induration, swelling, itching and warmth) that were by definition considered as related to the study vaccine and collected within 7 days after vaccination.

  4. Percentage of Participants With Solicited Local AEs Post Fourth Vaccination [ Time Frame: 7 days after fourth vaccination on Day 337 (Day 344) ]
    Solicited local AEs were predefined local events (at the injection site: erythema, induration, swelling, itching and warmth) that were by definition considered as related to the study vaccine and collected within 7 days after vaccination.

  5. Percentage of Participants With Solicited Systemic AEs Post First Vaccination [ Time Frame: 7 days after first vaccination on Day 1 (Day 8) ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical event that occurred in a participant administered an investigational product, and it did not necessarily indicated only events with clear causal relationship with the relevant investigational product. Solicited systemic AEs including pyrexia/fever, headache, fatigue, myalgia, nausea and chills were collected within 7 days after vaccination.

  6. Percentage of Participants With Solicited Systemic AEs Post Second Vaccination [ Time Frame: 7 days after second vaccination on Day 85 (Day 92) ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical event that occurred in a participant administered an investigational product, and it did not necessarily indicated only events with clear causal relationship with the relevant investigational product. Solicited systemic AEs including pyrexia/fever, headache, fatigue, myalgia, nausea and chills were collected within 7 days after vaccination.

  7. Percentage of Participants With Solicited Systemic AEs Post Third Vaccination [ Time Frame: 7 days after third vaccination on Day 169 (Day 176) ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical event that occurred in a participant administered an investigational product, and it did not necessarily indicated only events with clear causal relationship with the relevant investigational product. Solicited systemic AEs including pyrexia/fever, headache, fatigue, myalgia, nausea and chills were collected within 7 days after vaccination.

  8. Percentage of Participants With Solicited Systemic AEs Post Fourth Vaccination [ Time Frame: 7 days after fourth vaccination on Day 337 (Day 344) ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical event that occurred in a participant administered an investigational product, and it did not necessarily indicated only events with clear causal relationship with the relevant investigational product. Solicited systemic AEs including pyrexia/fever, headache, fatigue, myalgia, nausea and chills were collected within 7 days after vaccination.

  9. Percentage of Participants With Unsolicited AEs for 28 Days After First Vaccination [ Time Frame: 28 days after first vaccination on Day 1 (Day 29) ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical event that occurred in a participant administered an investigational product, and it did not necessarily indicated only events with clear causal relationship with the relevant investigational product. Unsolicited AEs were defined as the AEs other than those categorized as "solicited AEs" and were required to be collected for any events that occurred from the time of vaccination and through the subsequent 28 days.

  10. Percentage of Participants With Unsolicited AEs for 28 Days After Second Vaccination [ Time Frame: 28 days after second vaccination on Day 85 (Day 113) ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical event that occurred in a participant administered an investigational product, and it did not necessarily indicated only events with clear causal relationship with the relevant investigational product. Unsolicited AEs were defined as the AEs other than those categorized as "solicited AEs" and were required to be collected for any events that occurred from the time of vaccination and through the subsequent 28 days.

  11. Percentage of Participants With Unsolicited AEs for 28 Days After Third Vaccination [ Time Frame: 28 days after third vaccination on Day 169 (Day 197) ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical event that occurred in a participant administered an investigational product, and it did not necessarily indicated only events with clear causal relationship with the relevant investigational product. Unsolicited AEs were defined as the AEs other than those categorized as "solicited AEs" and were required to be collected for any events that occurred from the time of vaccination and through the subsequent 28 days.

  12. Percentage of Participants With Unsolicited AEs for 28 Days After Fourth Vaccination [ Time Frame: 28 days after fourth vaccination on Day 334 (Day 362) ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical event that occurred in a participant administered an investigational product, and it did not necessarily indicated only events with clear causal relationship with the relevant investigational product. Unsolicited AEs were defined as the AEs other than those categorized as "solicited AEs" and were required to be collected for any events that occurred from the time of vaccination and through the subsequent 28 days.

  13. Percentage of Participants With Discontinuations From Vaccination Due to AEs [ Time Frame: Up to Week 72 ]
    Percentage of participants with discontinuations from vaccination due to AEs were reported.

  14. Percentage of Participants With Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) During Main Study [ Time Frame: Up to Week 72 ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical event that occurred in a participant administered an investigational product, and it did not necessarily indicated only events with clear causal relationship with the relevant investigational product. SAE was defined as any AE that resulted in: death, persistent or significant disability/incapacity, required inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, was life-threatening experience, was a congenital anomaly/birth defect and would jeopardize participant and/or required medical or surgical intervention to prevent one of the outcomes listed above.

  15. Percentage of Participants With SAEs During Long Term Extension (LTE) Period [ Time Frame: From Week 96 to Week 264 ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical event that occurred in a participant administered an investigational product, and it did not necessarily indicated only events with clear causal relationship with the relevant investigational product. SAE was defined as any AE that resulted in: death, persistent or significant disability/incapacity, required inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, was life-threatening experience, was a congenital anomaly/birth defect and would jeopardize participant and/or required medical or surgical intervention to prevent one of the outcomes listed above. This outcome measure was planned to be analyzed for specified arm only.

  16. Percentage of Participants With AEs of Special Interest During Main Study [ Time Frame: Up to Week 72 ]
    Percentage of participants with AEs of special interest during main study were reported. HIV infection was considered as an AE of special interest.

  17. Percentage of Participants With AEs of Special Interest During LTE Period [ Time Frame: From Week 96 to Week 264 ]
    Percentage of participants with AEs of special interest during LTE period were reported. HIV infection was considered as an AE of special interest. This outcome measure was planned to be analyzed for specified arm only.

  18. Percentage of Responders for Envelop (Env) Clade A (92UG037.1), B (1990a), and C (Con C), (C97ZA.012) Specific Binding Antibody Titers at Week 28 [ Time Frame: Week 28 ]
    Percentage of responders for envelop (Env) Clade A (92UG037.1), B (1990a), and C (Con C), (C97ZA.012) specific binding antibody titers at Week 28 were reported. Env Clade A (92UG037.1), B (1990a), and C (Con C), (C97ZA.012)-specific binding antibody titers were assessed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The response was defined as post-baseline value greater than (>) lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) if baseline value less than (<) LLOQ or missing or defined as post-baseline value >3-fold increase from baseline if baseline value greater than or equal to (>=) LLOQ.

  19. Percentage of Responders for Envelop (Env) Clade A (92UG037.1), B (1990a), and C (Con C), (C97ZA.012) Specific Binding Antibody Titers at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Week 52 ]
    Percentage of responders for envelop (Env) Clade A (92UG037.1), B (1990a), and C (Con C), (C97ZA.012) specific binding antibody titers at Week 52 were reported. Env Clade A (92UG037.1), B (1990a), and C (Con C), (C97ZA.012)-specific binding antibody titers were assessed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The response was defined as post-baseline value greater than (>) lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) if baseline value less than (<) LLOQ or missing or defined as post-baseline value >3-fold increase from baseline if baseline value greater than or equal to (>=) LLOQ.

  20. Percentage of Responders for Envelop (Env) Clade A (92UG037.1), B (1990a), and C (Con C), (C97ZA.012) Specific Binding Antibody Titers at Week 72 [ Time Frame: Week 72 ]
    Percentage of responders for envelop (Env) Clade A (92UG037.1), B (1990a), and C (Con C), (C97ZA.012) specific binding antibody titers at Week 72 were reported. Env Clade A (92UG037.1), B (1990a), and C (Con C), (C97ZA.012)-specific binding antibody titers were assessed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The response was defined as post-baseline value greater than (>) lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) if baseline value less than (<) LLOQ or missing or defined as post-baseline value >3-fold increase from baseline if baseline value greater than or equal to (>=) LLOQ.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Responders for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Neutralizing Antibody (HIV nAb) [ Time Frame: Weeks 28, 52 and 72 ]
    The functionality of vaccine-induced antibody responses was investigated by the determination of nAb activity in a virus neutralization assay (VNA) using TZM-bl cells and Env-pseudotyped viruses. The response was defined as post-baseline value >LLOQ. The LLOQ for this assay was an inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 20 (fold-dilution). The data was collected for the responses against Tier 1 HIV strain Clade C (MW965.26 and C97ZA.012).

  2. Percentage of Responders for Env Antibody-dependent Cellular Phagocytosis (ADCP) gp Antibody [ Time Frame: Weeks 28, 52 and 72 ]
    The functionality of vaccine-induced antibody responses was investigated by the determination of ADCP. The response was defined as post-baseline value > limit of detection (LOD) if baseline value <LOD or missing or defined as post-baseline value >3-fold increase from baseline if baseline value >=LOD. The lower limits of detection (LODs) for this assay were 5.16, 6.43, 6.49, 4.32 and 4.28 (phagocytic score) for Clade A (92UG037.1), Clade B (1990a), Clade C (Con C), Clade C (C97ZA.012), and Mos1, respectively.

  3. Percentage of Responders With Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) T Cell Responses Assessed Using Enzyme-linked Immunospot Assay (ELISpot) [ Time Frame: Weeks 26, 52 and 72 ]
    Frozen peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMCs) were analyzed by interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) (ELISpot). The response was defined as post-baseline value >P95 if baseline <P95 or missing or defined as post-baseline value >3-fold increase from baseline if baseline >=P95.

  4. Percentage of Responders for Immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1) and IgG3 Gylcoprotein (gp) 140 Binding Antibody Assessed Using Clade C (C97ZA.012) Env Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) [ Time Frame: Weeks 28, 52 and 72 ]
    Vaccine-induced binding antibody IgG1 and IgG3 subclass responses were investigated using Clade C (C97ZA.012) specific ELISAs. The response was defined as post-baseline value >LLOQ if baseline <LLOQ or missing or defined as post-baseline value >3-fold increase from baseline if baseline >=LLOQ. The LLOQs for this assay were 12.3 and 12.4 for IgG1 and IgG3, respectively.

  5. Percentage of Responders for CD4+ and CD8+ T-Cell Responses [ Time Frame: Weeks 28, 52 and 72 ]
    Intracellular cytokine staining (ICS) was performed to examine the type of T-cell responding to vaccination. Responder definition was based on the Fisher's exact text between cytokine producing cells and non-producing cells in stimulated versus non-stimulated conditions.

  6. Percentage of Participants With T-cell Development [ Time Frame: Up to Week 264 ]
    As per change in planned analysis, this outcome measure was not performed since it was no longer considered relevant to interpret the immunogenicity of the vaccines.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Are negative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection at screening
  • Is healthy on the basis of physical examination, medical history, electrocardiogram (ECG), and vital signs measurement performed at screening
  • Are willing/able to adhere to the prohibitions and restrictions specified in the protocol and study procedures
  • Female participants of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test (beta human chorionic gonadotropin [beta hCG]) at the Screening visit, and a negative urine pregnancy test pre-dose on Day 1
  • Are assessed by the clinic staff as being at low risk for HIV infection

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has chronic hepatitis B (measured by hepatitis B surface antigen test) or active hepatitis C (measured by hepatitis C virus [HCV] Ab test; if positive, HCV ribonucleic acid [RNA] PCR test will be used to confirm active versus past HCV infection), active syphilis infection, chlamydia, gonorrhea, or trichomonas . Active syphilis documented by serology unless positive serology is due to past treated infection
  • Has had a thyroidectomy or active thyroid disease requiring medication during the last 12 months (not excluded: a stable thyroid supplementation)
  • Has had major psychiatric illness and/or substance abuse problems during the past 12 months (including hospitalization or periods of work disability) that in the opinion of the investigator would preclude participation
  • Has been in receipt of any licensed vaccine within 14 days prior to the first dose of study vaccine/placebo, plans to receive within 14 days after the first study vaccination, or plans to receive within 14 days before or after the second, third or fourth vaccination
  • Is a recipient of a prophylactic or therapeutic HIV vaccine candidate at any time, or a recipient of other experimental vaccine(s) within the last 12 months prior to the Day 1 visit (Vaccination 1). For participants who received an experimental vaccine (except HIV vaccine) more than 12 months prior to the Day 1 visit (Vaccination 1), documentation of the identity of the experimental vaccine must be provided to the sponsor, who will determine eligibility on a case-by-case basis

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02788045


Locations
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United States, Alabama
Birmingham, Alabama, United States
United States, California
San Francisco, California, United States
United States, Georgia
Decatur, Georgia, United States
United States, Maryland
Silver Spring, Maryland, United States
United States, Massachusetts
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
United States, New York
New York, New York, United States
Rochester, New York, United States
United States, Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
United States, Washington
Seattle, Washington, United States
Rwanda
Kigali, Rwanda
Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V.
Investigators
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Study Director: Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V. Clinical Trial Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V.
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V.:
Study Protocol  [PDF] October 28, 2021
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] May 2, 2022

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02788045    
Other Study ID Numbers: CR108152
VAC89220HPX2004 ( Other Identifier: Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V. )
First Posted: June 2, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 9, 2023
Last Update Posted: June 9, 2023
Last Verified: May 2023

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No