Predictors of Positive Food Challenge
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02786914|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 1, 2016
Last Update Posted : January 17, 2018
|Condition or disease|
|Oral Immunotherapy for Food Allergy|
Patients will be recruited from the pool of patients referred to the investigators center for evaluation of food allergy. For each tree-nut (walnut, pecan, cashew, pistachio, hazelnut or almond) evaluated, 30 patients (ages 4-45 years old), with allergy to at least one tree-nut will be recruited from the database pool referred to above. Skin prick tests (SPT) using standardized 10 mg/ml tree-nut extracts, and BAT will be performed for all suspected allergens. Sera will be taken and sent to ThermoFisher for IgE and IgG4 binding analysis to purified components. Open OFCs will be performed for each tree-nut, unless clinically contraindicated. The results of the OFC will form the basis to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the component testing. Similarly, 40 patients with suspected sesame allergy will be administered SPT and component analysis for sesame, with correlations to OFC.
The investigators will also utilize BAT to directly test whether the identified purified components are sufficient to elicit reactivity. This objective can be met by either utilizing saved patient sera on naive basophils or directly on a subsequently obtained blood sample from the patient. For patients enrolling in OIT (secondary objective), sera will also be taken after completion of the therapeutic regimen, and IgE as well as IgG4 binding to the same components will be assessed and compared to pre-OIT results.
4.2 STATISTICAL ANALYSIS AND METHODS
4.3 Patients will be grouped by OFC their allergy status result for each tree-nut (patients with a documented IgE-mediated reaction in the previous year or a positive OFC vs. patients with regular consumption of the index food or a negative OFC). Descriptive statistics (proportions for categorical variables, means or medians and standard deviations or inter-quartile range for continuous variables) will be reported for all key participant variables, including baseline and demographic characteristics, SPT, BAT and component testing results.
For the primary objective, the sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic tests (wheal for SPT, and CD63 induction for BAT) and IgE/IgG4 binding to the purified components in predicting OFC results allergy will be compared by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. To this end, the investigators will evaluate molecular allergens singly or in groups for their predictive utilities.
For the secondary objective, OFC positive patients with documented allergy who undergo OIT for tree-nuts (n=15 for each tree-nut) or sesame (n=15) will be grouped according to OIT outcome. Paired t-tests comparing IgE and IgG4 binding of specific molecular allergens in individual patients before and after treatment will be performed. Additionally, the pre-OIT IgE and IgG4 profiles against particular molecular allergens will be compared between OIT outcome groups by t-test. 10 control patients treated with the standard of care of elimination diet will be compared.
Power analysis: Using the Pearson Chi-square test for two proportions, with the assumption that 75% of all OFC+ to tree-nuts will be positive to at least one specific component, in order to detect a result with a P-value of <0.05, 15 positive and 15 negative sera for each tree-nut would yield a power of 0.816. Based on the investigators experience with immunoreactivity as assessed by western blot, in fact the investigators would expect that much more than 75% of OFC+ patients would show IgE reactivity against at least one component. Thus, the investigators feel that a total of thirty sera for each tree-nut should suffice for the analysis.
Total number of patients: 180 patients to be evaluated for tree-nut allergy and 40 for sesame allergy.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||250 participants|
|Official Title:||Nut Cross-Reactivity - ACuiring Knowledge for Elimination Recommendations (NUT-CRACKER) Study|
|Actual Study Start Date :||April 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||April 2018|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||April 2020|
- Number of patients with positive food challenge to tree-nuts and sesame [ Time Frame: 1 year ]Determining the best diagnostic method that would predict a positive vs. negative oral food challenge in food sensitized patients
- Number of patients with decreased component reactivity for a particular tree-nut and for sesame following OIT [ Time Frame: 2.5 years ]To determine how many patients have decreased reactivity following successful desensitization to the same food in OIT
- Number of patients with decreased component cross reactivity for a particular tree-nut and for sesame following OIT [ Time Frame: 2.5 years ]To determine how many patients have decreased component reactivity following successful desensitization to a different food in OIT
Biospecimen Retention: Samples Without DNA
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02786914
|Contact: Arnon Elizuremail@example.com|
|The institute of Allergy, Immunology and Pediatric Pulmonary Medicine, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center||Recruiting|
|Zerifin, Israel, 70300|
|Contact: Arnon Elizur, MD +97289779820 firstname.lastname@example.org|