Biomarker for Patients With Fabry Disease (BioFabry) (BioFabry)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02778295|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : May 19, 2016
Last Update Posted : May 13, 2021
|Condition or disease|
|Angiokeratomas Chronic Kidney Disease Ocular Abnormalities Hearing Loss|
Fabry disease is a progressive, inherited, multisystemic lysosomal storage disease characterized by specific neurological, cutaneous, renal, cardiovascular, cochleo-vestibular and cerebrovascular manifestations.
Annual incidence is reported to be 1 in 80,000 live births but this figure may underestimate disease prevalence. When late-onset variants of the disease are considered, a prevalence of approximately 1 in 3,000 has been suggested. Fabry disease is pan-ethnic.
Fabry disease is a disorder of glycosphingolipid metabolism caused by deficient or absent lysosomal alpha-galactosidase A activity related to mutations in the GLA gene (Xq21.3-q22) encoding the alpha-galactosidase A enzyme. Deficient activity results in accumulation of globotriaosylceramide (Gb3) within lysosomes, believed to trigger a cascade of cellular events.
Fabry disease is transmitted as an X-linked trait. The existence of atypical, late-onset, variants and the availability of specific therapy complicate genetic counseling.
The clinical picture covers a wide spectrum ranging from mild cases in heterozygous females, to severe cases in classically affected hemizygous males with no residual alpha-galactosidase A activity. These patients may have all the characteristic neurological (pain), cutaneous (angiokeratoma), renal (proteinuria, kidney failure), cardiovascular (cardiomyopathy, arrhythmia), cochleo-vestibular (hearing loss and vertigo) and cerebrovascular (transient ischemic attacks, strokes) symptoms of the disease.
Female patients may have very mild to severe symptoms. Pain is a common early symptom of Fabry disease (chronic pain characterized by burning and tingling paresthesia and occasional episodic crises characterized by agonizing burning pain). Pain may resolve in adulthood.
Anhidrosis or hypohidrosis may occur causing heat and exercise intolerance. Other signs include corneal changes ("cornea verticilata"), Definitive laboratory diagnosis involves demonstration of marked enzyme deficiency in hemizygous males. Enzyme analysis may occasionally help to detect heterozygotes but is often inconclusive due to random X-chromosomal inactivation, making molecular testing (genotyping) of females mandatory.
With age, progressive damage to vital organ systems develops, possibly leading to organ failure. End-stage renal disease and life-threatening cardiovascular or cerebrovascular complications limit the life-expectancy .
New methods, like mass-spectrometry give a good chance to characterize specific metabolic alterations in the blood of affected patients that allow diagnosing in the future the disease earlier, with a higher sensitivity and specificity.
Therefore it is the goal of the study to identify and validate a new biochemical marker from the blood of the affected patients helping to benefit other patients by an early diagnose and thereby with an earlier treatment.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||1000 participants|
|Official Title:||Biomarker for Fabry Disease: BioFabry AN INTERNATIONAL, MULTICENTER, EPIDEMIOLOGICAL PROTOCOL|
|Actual Study Start Date :||August 20, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||June 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||June 2021|
Patients with Fabry disease or high-grade suspicion for Fabry disease
- Sequencing of the Fabry disease related gene [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) of the GLA gene will be performed. The mutation will be confirmed by Sanger sequencing.
- The Fabry disease specific biomarker candidates finding [ Time Frame: 24 months ]The quantitative determination of small molecules (molecular weight 150-700 kD, given as ng/μl) within a dried blood spot sample will be validated via liquid chromatography multiple reaction-monitoring mass spectrometry (LC/MRM-MS) and compared with a merged control cohort. The statistically best validated molecule will be considered as a disease specific biomarker.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
For the development of the new biomarkers using the technique of Mass-spectrometry, a blood sample will be taken via using a dry blood spot filter card. To proof the correct Fab-ry diagnosis in those patients where up to the enrollment in the study no genetic testing has been done, sequencing of Fabry disease will be done.The analyses will done at:
Centogene AG Am Strande 7 18055 Rostock Germany
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02778295
|Rostock, Germany, 18055|
|NIRMAN-University of Mumbai-Institute of Research in Mental and Neurological handicap|
|Mumbai, India, 400705|
|Lady Ridgeway Hospital for Children|
|Colombo 8, Sri Lanka, 00800c|
|Study Chair:||Peter Bauer, Prof.||Centogene GmbH|