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Darunavir/Ritonavir + Lamivudine Versus Darunavir/Ritonavir +Emtricitabine/Tenofovir in Naïve HIV-1 Infected Subjects (ANDES)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02770508
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 12, 2016
Last Update Posted : August 3, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Ministry of Science and Technology,Argentine
National AIDS and STD programme,Argentine
Richmond Laboratories
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pedro Cahn, The Huesped Foundation

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to compare the safety and efficacy of a combination of a QD regimen consisting on ritonavir boosted darunavir (FDC) and lamivudine versus ritonavir boosted darunavir (FDC) plus co-formulated tenofovir and emtricitabine or co-formulated tenofovir/lamivudine in naïve HIV-1 infected patients. Subjects will be ARV-naïve HIV-1-infected patients eligible to start ARV therapy according to current guidelines.Subjects will be adults ≥ 18 years of age who meet all of the inclusion criteria and none of the exclusion criteria.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV-1 Infection Drug: darunavir/ritonavir Drug: Lamivudine Drug: emtricitabine-tenofovir(FTC/TDF) Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Key Inclusion Criteria

  1. Documented HIV RNA >1000 copies/ml
  2. Subject naïve to ARV. .
  3. Subject has indication to receive an antiretroviral regimen, based on local guidelines.
  4. Able to provide informed consent and agree to use a highly effective non-hormonal method of contraception

Key Exclusion Criteria

  1. Evidence of resistance to Darunavir and/or FTC or 3TC or TDF based on the resistance test
  2. Patient with chronic hepatitis B
  3. Subject has a currently active AIDS defining illness (Category C conditions according to the CDC Classification System
  4. Required use of disallowed concomitant therapies
  5. Subject with the grade 3 or 4 laboratory abnormalities as defined by DAIDS grading table

Primary Objective

• Proportion of patients with HIV-1 RNA levels of less than 50 copies/mL at week 48 (ITT analysis, Snapshot analysis)


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 145 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 4, Randomized, Open Label, Controlled Study of Boosted Darunavir and Lamivudine Versus Boosted Darunavir and Emtricitabine/Tenofovir or Lamivudine/Tenofovir in Naïve HIV-1 Infected Subjects
Study Start Date : November 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2017


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Darunavir/ritonavir plus lamivudine
Darunavir/ritonavir 800/100 mg, 1 coformulated tablet QD and lamivudine 300 mg, 1 tablet QD
Drug: darunavir/ritonavir
Other Name: Virontar R

Drug: Lamivudine
Other Name: 3TC

Active Comparator: Darunavir/ritonavir plus emtricitabine/tenofovir(FTC/TFD)
Darunavir/ritonavir 800/100 mg1 coformulated tablet QD (FDC) plus FTC/TDF 200/300 mg, 1 coformulated tablet QD
Drug: darunavir/ritonavir
Other Name: Virontar R

Drug: emtricitabine-tenofovir(FTC/TDF)
Other Name: TRUVADA




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of patients with HIV-1 RNA levels of less than 50 copies/mL at week 48 [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
    The percentage of participants with Plasma Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) <50 c/mL at Week 48 will be assessed using Missing, Switch or Discontinuation = Failure (MSDF), as codified by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) "snapshot" algorithm. This algorithm treated all participants without HIV-1 RNA data at Week 48 as nonresponders, Otherwise, virologic success or failure will be determined by the last available HIV-1 RNA assessment while the participant was on-treatment in the snapshot window (Week 48 +/- 6 weeks).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of patients with HIV-1 RNA <400 copies/mL at week 24 [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    The percentage of participants with Plasma Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) <400 c/mL at Week 24 will be assessed using Missing, Switch or Discontinuation = Failure (MSDF), as codified by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) "snapshot" algorithm.

  2. Number and type of resistance mutations in case of virologic failure [ Time Frame: from week 24 to week 48 ]
    An genotiping test will be made at time to virological failure to detect mutation across reverse transcriptase (RT), and Protease (PRO). Protocol defined virological failure was defined as confirmed plasma HIV-1 RNA levels >=400 copies/mL on or after Week 24 or confirmed plasma HIV-1 RNA levels >=50 copies/mL at week 48

  3. CD4+ lymphocyte count and change between baseline (defined as the average between screening and baseline visit values) and weeks 24 and 48 [ Time Frame: week 24 and 48 ]
    Change from Baseline in CD4+ cell counts will be assessed at Weeks 24 and 48.

  4. Frequency, type and severity of adverse events and laboratory abnormalities. [ Time Frame: week 24 and 48 ]
    Number of Participants With Abnormal Laboratory Values and/or Adverse Events That Are Related to Treatment

  5. Clinical disease progression (CDP) [ Time Frame: week 24 and 48 ]
    Clinical disease progression (CDP) was assessed according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) HIV-1 classification system. Category (CAT) A: one or more of the following conditions (CON), without any CON listed in Categories B and C: asymptomatic HIV infection, persistent generalized lymphadenopathy, acute (primary) HIV infection with accompanying illness or history of acute HIV infection. CAT B: symptomatic CON that are attributed to HIV infection or are indicative of a defect in cell-mediated immunity; or that are considered by physicians to have a clinical course or to require management that is complicated by HIV infection; and not included among CON listed in clinical CAT C. CAT C: the clinical CON listed in the AIDS surveillance case definition. Indicators of CDP were defined as: CDC CAT A at Baseline (BS) to a CDC CAT C event (EV); CDC CAT B at BS to a CDC CAT C EV; CDC CAT C at BS to a new CDC CAT C EV; or CDC CAT A, B, or C at BS to death.

  6. Changes in quality of life [ Time Frame: baseline, week 24 and week 48 ]
    The evaluation of quality of life will be done through two validated instruments: the Medical Outcomes Study HIV Health Survey ( MOS - HIV) and EuroQol 5D (EQ - 5D ) . Both instruments will be administered to patients at baseline , week 24 and week 48 .



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion criteria :

  1. > 18 years of age.
  2. Patient with documented HIV-1 infection defined as a positive ELISA plus a confirmatory Western Blot; or alternatively, a plasma HIV-1 RNA ≥1,000 copies/mL ever documented.
  3. Subject has voluntarily signed and dated an informed consent form, approved by an Institutional Review Board (IRB) / Independent Ethics Committee (IEC), after the nature of the study has been explained and the subject has had the opportunity to ask questions. The informed consent must be signed before any study-specific procedures are performed.
  4. Subject agrees not to take any medication during the study, including over the counter medicines or herbal preparations, without the approval of the trial physician.
  5. Documented HIV-1 RNA >1,000 copies/mL
  6. Subject naïve to ARV. (Patients who had received ARV ≤ 48 hours are allowed). Subject has indication to receive an antiretroviral regimen.
  7. Subjects can comply with protocol requirements.
  8. Subject's general medical condition, in the investigator's opinion, does not interfere with assessments and completion of the trial.
  9. If patient is a female she must not be breastfeeding or pregnant. She must be either postmenopausal for at least one year, surgically sterile (bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy), or she must:

    • use 2 different methods of birth control including, at least, one barrier method, and are acceptable to both the subject and investigator, and
    • has a urine pregnancy test performed at the Screening Visit and on Baseline. Results of both tests must be negative.
    • continue using 2 different methods of birth control including, at least, one barrier method for at least 30 days after the end of the treatment period
  10. For male patients, must comply with the use of a barrier birth control method during the Study and 60 days beyond the Study completion

Exclusion criteria :

  1. Evidence of resistance to or 3TC or DRV/r, TDF, FTC o 3TC based in the results of the resistance testing done in the screening visit, such resistance being considered in accordance with IAS-USA panel, version dated March 2013.

    Any of the following mutations will be considered resistance to DRV/r :

    • I47V, I50V, I54M/L, L76V, I84V or, 3 or more minor mutations : V11I, V32I, L33F, T74P, L89V.
    • Any of the following mutations will be considered resistance to 3TC or FTC : M184V/I and /or K65R and / or Q151M.
    • Any of the following mutations will be considered resistance to TDF: K65R, K70E, double insertion 69 or 3 TAMS including M41L or L210W.
  2. Prior HIV-2 documented infection.
  3. The use of disallowed concomitant therapy (see Appendix C).
  4. Active Hepatitis B infection (at any stage).
  5. The patient was diagnosed with acute active hepatitis by any cause, or chronic hepatitis C WITH levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and/or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 5 higher than the upper limit of normal (ULN) AND/OR may require one-year treatment.
  6. Any clinical significant active disease (for instance, tuberculosis, heart failure, pancreatitis) or any medical history or physical examination findings that, according to the investigator's opinion, may risk the patient's safety, the results of the study or adherence to the rules of the protocol.
  7. The patient has an active AIDS-associated opportunistic disease (Category C according to the CDC classification system for HIV infection as of 1993) within 30 days after the screening. Stabilized patients under treatment for AIDS-associated opportunistic disease may be included in the study.
  8. Life expectancy < 1 year according to the investigator
  9. Laboratory tests performed during the screening visit show any of the following alterations:

    • Hemoglobin <8.0 gm/dL
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 750 cells/µL
    • Platelet Count < 50,000 cells/mm3
  10. The use of any study agent within 30 days as from the screening.
  11. Use of immunosuppressive drugs, cytokines inhibitors or other cytokines over the prior year.
  12. Any other condition (including, without limitation, the use of alcohol or drugs) that in the investigator's opinion may compromise the safety of the patient or his/her adherence to the protocol
  13. Patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02770508


Locations
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Argentina
Consultorio Infectológico Dr. Pryluka
Caba, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1121
Hospital Cosme Argerich
Caba, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1155ADP
Hospital Italiano
Caba, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1199ABB
Fundacion huesped
Caba, Buenos Aires, Argentina, C1202ABB
Centro de Estudios Infectologicos SA (CTD Stamboulian)
Caba, Buenos Aires, Argentina, C1425AWK
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Huesped Foundation
Ministry of Science and Technology,Argentine
National AIDS and STD programme,Argentine
Richmond Laboratories
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Pedro Cahn, PhD, MD Fundacion Huesped

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Responsible Party: Pedro Cahn, PhD, MD, The Huesped Foundation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02770508     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: FH-15
First Posted: May 12, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 3, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: To publish week 48 study

Keywords provided by Pedro Cahn, The Huesped Foundation:
antiretroviral naive
dual therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lamivudine
Ritonavir
Darunavir
Tenofovir
Emtricitabine
Emtricitabine, Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Drug Combination
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors