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A Study About Patient Satisfaction With Laser-sintered Removable Partial Dentures

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02769715
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 12, 2016
Last Update Posted : May 12, 2016
3DRPD Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Faleh Tamimi, McGill University Health Centre/Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre

Brief Summary:
Removable partial dentures (RPDs) are traditionally fabricated by lost-wax casting technique, a time-consuming and very laborious manual technique. Recently, fabricating removable partial dentures using computer designing and laser sintering techniques have been introduced. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the patient satisfaction with new computer-generated removable partial dentures and compare it to the traditional removable partial dentures.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Partially Edentulous Jaws Device: Laser-sintered removable partial denture Other: cast removable partial dentures Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Patients seeking Removable partial dentures in the undergraduate clinic at McGill University were asked to participate in the study. Patients were treated by undergraduate students under the supervision of expert prosthodontists. Both the dentists treating the case and the patients were blinded to the type of RPD used. The Principal investigator was responsible for preparing the laboratory prescriptions and sending the final impressions to the dental lab in order to assure blinding of the patient and the treating dentists.

Patients were treated according to standardized clinical procedures. Both dentures were fabricated from one master cast to ensure standardization. The cast was scanned digitally to fabricate the laser-sintered dentures, and then was used to fabricate the cast dentures traditionally using lost-wax casting technique. For each patient, two dentures were fabricated from one final impression; one by casting technique and the other by laser-sintering. Patients were given randomly one denture first and followed-up for 1, 2 and 4 weeks. Then, they were given the second denture and followed-up again. At each follow-up visit, patients filled McGill Denture Satisfaction Instrument. At the end of the study patients were asked which denture they prefer to keep.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 12 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Care Provider)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Laser-sintered Removable Partial Dentures: a Crossover Pilot Clinical Trial
Study Start Date : January 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Dentures

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: cast removable partial denture
patients received cast removable partial dentures fabricated using traditional lost-wax casting technique.
Other: cast removable partial dentures
The denture was fabricated traditionally using lost-wax casting technique.

Experimental: laser-sintered removable partial denture
patients received removable partial dentures fabricated using laser-sintering.
Device: Laser-sintered removable partial denture
The master cast was scanned using 3D scanner. In the digital file, the path of insertion was determined using a special software. The survey line was drawn and all undesirable undercuts were eliminated. After that, the entire framework design was built virtually 3 dimensionally using a special software (3Shape Software) according to the specified design in three steps: deciding the contour of the component, building the tissue surface then creating the polished surface. The file was saved in STL file and was transferred to rapid prototyping machine. Framework was produced by selective laser sintering technique using the alloy powder (Sintech Metal).

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean of patient satisfaction measured by McGill Denture Satisfaction Survey using visual analog scale from 0-100 [ Time Frame: after 4 weeks ]
    Mean patient satisfaction in McGill Denture Satisfaction Survey was assessed in regard to 9 aspects of the dentures; general satisfaction, chewing efficiency, chewing ability, easiness to clean, stability, comfort and oral condition. Mean of patient satisfaction in each of these 9 aspects will be presented for both cast and laser-sintered dentures.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of participants who choose to keep the laser-sintered removable partial dentures [ Time Frame: after 2 months ]
    Patients will be asked which denture did they prefer to keep after trying both cast and laser-sintered removable partial dentures. The number of patients who preferred each denture will be presented as well as the number of patients who have no preference.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • partially edentulous
  • have adequate space for regularly sized prosthetic teeth and metal frame(s)
  • be able to maintain adequate oral hygiene and clean their dentures; do not have major systemic health problems that could interfere with general oral health
  • have an adequate understanding of written and spoken English or French
  • be capable of giving written informed consent and fill out questionnaires

Exclusion Criteria:

  • there is a lack of minimum interocclusal space to accommodate a metal frame and acrylic material
  • they have acute or chronic symptoms of parafunctional disorders
  • they have inflammatory mucosal conditions such as lichen planus, progressive periodontitis or others
  • they have a history of radiation therapy to the orofacial region
  • there are health conditions that may jeopardize the treatment, such as alcoholism,
  • they are taking any phenytoin (Dilantin), cortisone or insulin
  • they have a severe/serious illness that requires frequent hospitalization
  • they have impaired cognitive or motor function
  • they are unable to return for evaluations/study recalls

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02769715

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Canada, Quebec
McGill University Faculty of Dentistry
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3A 1G1
Sponsors and Collaborators
Faleh Tamimi
3DRPD Inc.
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Principal Investigator: Faleh Tamimi McGill University Faculty of Dentistry
Principal Investigator: Rubens Albuquerque McGill University Faculty of Dentistry
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Faleh Tamimi, Assistant Professor and Canada Research Chair in Translational Craniofacial Research, McGill University Health Centre/Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02769715    
Other Study ID Numbers: 12-452 BMD
First Posted: May 12, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 12, 2016
Last Verified: May 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The patients' demographic data including (age, sex, the number of missing anterior and posterior teeth, previous denture experience, denture arch, opposing arch and Kennedy classification of the denture, first denture received and preferred denture) will be published in a scientific journal without any indication of personal identity of the patients.
Keywords provided by Faleh Tamimi, McGill University Health Centre/Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre:
Removable partial dentures
partial edentulism
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Jaw, Edentulous
Mouth, Edentulous
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Tooth Diseases
Jaw Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases