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eXalt3: Study Comparing X-396 (Ensartinib) to Crizotinib in ALK Positive Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Patients

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02767804
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 10, 2016
Last Update Posted : March 6, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Xcovery Holding Company, LLC

Brief Summary:
The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of X-396 (ensartinib) vs. crizotinib in patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer that have received up to 1 prior chemotherapy regimen and no prior ALK inhibitor.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Drug: X-396 (ensartinib) Drug: crizotinib Phase 3

Detailed Description:
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of X-396 (ensartinib) vs. crizotinib in patients with ALK-positive NSCLC that have received up to 1 prior chemotherapy regimen and no prior ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), to obtain additional pharmacokinetic (PK) data from sparse PK sampling, to compare the quality of life (QoL) in patients receiving X-396 vs. crizotinib, to evaluate the status of exploratory biomarkers and correlate with clinical outcome, and to obtain germline DNA samples for possible pharmacogenetic analysis in the event that outliers with respect to efficacy, tolerability/safety, or exposure are identified.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 402 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 3 Randomized Study Comparing X-396 (Ensartinib) to Crizotinib in Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK) Positive Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Patients
Study Start Date : June 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer
Drug Information available for: Crizotinib
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: X-396 (ensartinib)
Eligible patients with ALK+ NSCLC will receive oral X-396 (ensartinib) at 225mg QD with or without food until progression or unacceptable toxicity develops
Drug: X-396 (ensartinib)
oral ALK inhibitor
Active Comparator: crizotinib
Eligible patients with ALK+ NSCLC will receive oral crizotinib at 250mg BID with or without food until progression or unacceptable toxicity develops
Drug: crizotinib
oral ALK inhibitor
Other Name: Xalkori



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival (PFS) as assessed by independent radiology review based on RECIST v. 1.1 criteria [ Time Frame: 36 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 48 months ]
  2. Objective response rate (ORR) based on independent radiology review [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  3. PFS based on investigator assessment [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  4. ORR based on investigator assessment [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  5. Time to response based on independent radiology review [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  6. Time to response based on investigator assessment [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  7. Duration of response based on independent radiology review [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  8. Duration of response based on investigator assessment [ Time Frame: 36 months ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. CNS response rate based on independent radiology review [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  2. CNS response rate based on investigator assessment [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  3. Time to CNS progression [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  4. Percentage of patients with adverse events [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  5. Patient reported time to deterioration (TTD) as measured by EORTC C30/LC13 QoL questionnaire [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  6. Patient reported TTD as measured by Lung Cancer Symptom Scale (LCSS) [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  7. Patient reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) as measured by EORTC C30/LC13 QoL questionnaire [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  8. Patient reported HRQoL as measured by LCSS [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  9. Plasma concentrations (Cmax) at participating sites [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  10. Plasma concentrations (Cmin) at participating sites [ Time Frame: 36 months ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of advanced or recurrent (Stage IIIB not amenable for multimodality treatment) or metastatic (Stage IV) NSCLC that is ALK-positive. Enrollment will be allowed based on positive Abbott FISH or Ventana IHC, performed locally or centrally. Patients may have received up to 1 prior chemotherapy regimen for metastatic disease, which may also include maintenance therapy. Note that patients that have received adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy and developed metastatic disease within 6 months from the end of that therapy would be considered to have received 1 prior regimen for metastatic disease.
  2. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (PS) score of 0 to 2.
  3. Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.
  4. Ability to swallow and retain oral medication.
  5. Adequate organ system function, defined as follows:

    1. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1.5 x 109/L
    2. Platelets ≥100 x 109/L
    3. Hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL (≥90 g/L) Note that transfusions are allowed to meet the required hemoglobin level
    4. Total bilirubin ≤1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN)
    5. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST)

      ≤2.5 x ULN if no liver involvement or ≤5 x ULN with liver involvement.

    6. Creatinine ≤1.5 x ULN. If >1.5 x ULN, patient may still be eligible if calculated creatinine clearance ≥50 mL/min (0.83 mL/s) as calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault method.
  6. Brain metastases allowed if asymptomatic at study baseline. Patients with untreated brain metastases must not be on corticosteroids. If patients have neurological symptoms or signs due to CNS metastases, patients need to complete whole brain radiation or focal treatment at least 14 days before start of study treatment and be asymptomatic on stable or decreasing doses of corticosteroids at baseline.
  7. Men with partners of childbearing potential willing to use adequate contraceptive measures during the study and for 90 days after the last dose of study medication.
  8. Women who are not of child-bearing potential, and women of child-bearing potential who agree to use adequate contraceptive measures during the study and for 90 days after the last dose of study medication, and who have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 1 week prior to initial trial treatment.
  9. Patients must be ≥18 years of age.
  10. Patients must have measurable disease per RECIST v. 1.1.
  11. Willingness and ability to comply with the trial and follow-up procedures.
  12. Ability to understand the nature of this trial and give written informed consent.

    Note the following pertains to patients enrolled in France

  13. In France, a subject will be eligible for inclusion in this study only affiliated to the French Social Security system, and currently benefit from the corresponding rights and cover.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients that have previously received an ALK TKI or PD-1/PD-L1 therapy, and patients currently receiving cancer therapy (i.e., other targeted therapies, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy, hormonal therapy, surgery and/or tumor embolization).
  2. Use of an investigational drug within 21 days prior to the first dose of study drug. Note that to be eligible, any drug-related toxicity should have recovered to Grade 1 or less, with the exception of alopecia.
  3. Any chemotherapy within 4 weeks, or major surgery or radiotherapy within the last 14 days.
  4. Patients with primary CNS tumors and leptomeningeal disease are ineligible.
  5. Patients with a previous malignancy within the past 3 years (other than curatively treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin, in situ carcinoma of the cervix, or any cancer that is considered to be cured and have no impact on PFS and OS for the current NSCLC).
  6. Concomitant systemic use of anticancer herbal medications. These should be stopped prior to study entry.
  7. Patients receiving

    1. strong CYP3A inhibitors (including, but not limited to, atazanavir, clarithromycin, indinavir, itraconazole, ketoconazole, nefazodone, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, telithromycin, troleandomycin, voriconazole, grapefruit, grapefruit juice)
    2. strong CYP3A inducers (including, but not limited to, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, rifabutin, rifampin, St. John's Wort)
    3. CYP3A substrates with narrow therapeutic window (including, but not limited to, alfentanil, cyclosporine, dihydroergotamine, ergotamine, fentanyl, pimozide, quinidine, sirolimus, tacrolimus).
  8. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
  9. Presence of active gastrointestinal (GI) disease or other condition that will interfere significantly with the absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of study medications.
  10. Patients at risk for GI perforation.
  11. Clinically significant cardiovascular disease including:

    1. QTcF interval >450 ms for men and >470 ms for women, symptomatic bradycardia <45 beats per minute or other significant ECG abnormalities in the investigator's opinion.
    2. Clinically uncontrolled hypertension in the investigator's opinion (e.g., blood pressure >160/100 mmHg; note that isolated elevated readings considered to not be indicative of uncontrolled hypertension are allowed).

    The following within 6 months prior to Cycle 1 Day 1:

    1. Congestive heart failure (New York Heart Class III or IV).
    2. Arrhythmia or conduction abnormality requiring medication. Note: patients with atrial fibrillation/flutter controlled by medication and arrhythmias controlled by pacemakers are eligible.
    3. Severe/unstable angina, coronary artery/peripheral bypass graft, or myocardial infarction.
    4. Cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemia.
  12. Patients who are immunosuppressed (including known HIV infection), have a serious active infection at the time of treatment, have interstitial lung disease/pneumonitis, or have any serious underlying medical condition that would impair the ability of the patient to receive protocol treatment. Patients with controlled hepatitis C, in the investigator's opinion, are allowed. Patients with known hepatitis B must be HBeAg and HB viral DNA negative for enrollment. Note that, because of the high prevalence, all patients in the Asia-Pacific region (except Australia, New Zealand, and Japan) must be tested and, if HBsAg positive, must be HBeAg and HB viral DNA negative for enrollment.
  13. Psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical conditions that do not permit compliance with the protocol.
  14. Concurrent condition that in the investigator's opinion would jeopardize compliance with the protocol or would impart excessive risk associated with study participation that would make it inappropriate for the patient to be enrolled.
  15. Inability or unwillingness to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures outlined in the protocol.

    Note the following pertains to patients enrolled in France

  16. In France, a subject will not be eligible when under legal protection.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02767804


Contacts
Contact: Jolee D. Holt, RN 918-899-1012 jholt@optimalsites.net
Contact: Holly Hoefer, MSHC 918-899-1012 optimalcommunity@optimalsites.net

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Xcovery Holding Company, LLC

Responsible Party: Xcovery Holding Company, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02767804     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: X396-CLI-301
First Posted: May 10, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 6, 2018
Last Verified: March 2018

Keywords provided by Xcovery Holding Company, LLC:
ALK-positive NSCLC

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Crizotinib
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action