Exploring the Mechanisms of Resistance of Stem Cells Myeloproliferative Opposite of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors in 3d Model Niche Endosteal
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02766153|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 9, 2016
Last Update Posted : July 24, 2018
Myeloproliferative disorders (MPD) include chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) (Ph +) and essential thrombocythemia (ET), the polycythemia vera (PV), myelofibrosis (MF) called SMP Ph. CML is the ultimate model of carcinogenesis. SMP is a characterized by a malignant monoclonal proliferation of a pluripotent hematopoietic progenitor determined by the presence of a balanced translocation between chromosomes 9 and 22 (Ph chromosome) which leads to major changes of a large number of cell functions. Investigators now believe that within the bone marrow exist two types of "hematopoietic niches' niche osteoblastic / endosteal and vascular niche, controlling the maintenance and differentiation of hematopoietic stem cell pool. The endosteal niche, is a hypoxic region near the endosteal trabecular, which provides protection to deeply dormant stem cells. Data from the literature suggest that in the SMP, especially CML, the interaction of malignant stem cells with the microenvironment niche Endosteal could favor their survival and resistance to treatment. The therapeutic management of CML was upset by the use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). However, despite these advances, even in situations of undetectable residual disease, it has been observed relapses of the disease stopped TKI leaving suggest that there is a resistance of leukemic stem cell to TKI.
Work in the group Bipoa "Bio Engineering and Pathophysiology Osteo-Articular" helped develop a 3D model of ex vivo bone formation, which can mimic the endosteal niche. the goal is to apply this model to the SMP of hematopoiesis by referring to normal hematopoiesis. it will be tested the hypothesis that the endosteal ex vivo recess of the 3D modeling allows to highlight a special interaction can promote the persistence of the leukemia stem cell despite the use of effective therapies.
|Condition or disease|
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||200 participants|
|Actual Study Start Date :||May 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||April 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 2020|
intrafamily marrow donors
- Characteristics of cell CD34 + tumor from patients with SMP [ Time Frame: 5 years ]Establishment of a stem cell CD34 + tumor bank from patients with SMP
- Characteristics of the variation of TKI on CD4+ stem cells [ Time Frame: 5 years ]Compare in vitro, in traditional culture or in a 3D environment mimicking endosteal niche, the effect of first and second generation TKIs on CD34 + stem cells made from patients with SMP or healthy volunteer donors
Biospecimen Retention: Samples Without DNA
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02766153
|CHU de Nice||Recruiting|
|Nice, France, 06200|
|Contact: Laurence LEGROS firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Irit Touitou email@example.com|