Training the Brain With a Robotic Device for Balance Recovery
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02765425|
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Loss of department staff and COVID)
First Posted : May 6, 2016
Last Update Posted : November 4, 2020
The research objective of this study is to determine whether an intervention and associated robotic device called "Assisted Movement with Enhanced Sensation (AMES) can be used to enhance balance recovery following an unexpected loss of balance by conditioning areas of the brain involved in lower-limb (LL) motor control. It is hypothesized that AMES can improve balance recovery, gait, and reduce falls in near-frail elderly people by improving LL strength, speed, and coordination.
AMES, is a medical intervention and robotic device originally developed to aid patients' recovery from injuries to the central nervous system that limit movement. Earlier published studies demonstrated a unique property of AMES, namely that it is capable of reducing sensorimotor impairment in the severely impaired, an underserved population of patients with brain and spinal cord injuries. AMES applies assisted movement, biofeedback, and sensory stimulation simultaneously and non-invasively to the upper or lower limb, the initial intent being to address impairments such as weakness, spasticity, sensory loss, and dyssynergia (i.e., co-contraction). These reductions in impairment are achieved through cortical plasticity. In the present study, the same methodology will be applied to the lower limbs of the near-frail elderly to reduce falls by training faster reaction times, stronger reactions, and more coordinated recoveries from slips and trips
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Fall Risk Healthy Elderly||Device: AMES||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||0 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Training the Brain With a Robotic Device for Balance Recovery in Near-frail Older Adults|
|Actual Study Start Date :||August 30, 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||September 9, 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||September 9, 2020|
Experimental: Training Group
Subjects will receive the same outcome measures at baseline, after 3 months training and 6 months later. Intervention will comprise of three sessions seated at the AMES device. Each training session will include 15 min of training of each ankle. Training sessions will be conducted 3 times/week over a 12-week period, for a total of 9 hours of training on each ankle.
Subjects will be trained while seated on the AMES device. As the footplate of the device rotates the ankle ±15 deg in dorsiflexion and plantarflexion, the participant will assist that motion. Vibration (2-3 mm at 60 pulses/s) will be applied to the tibialis anterior tendon during plantarflexion and to the Achilles tendon during dorsiflexion. To assist participants in the assisted movement task, the AMES biofeedback screen will provide real-time visual feedback of the volitional ankle torque that the participants actively apply to the AMES device. Each training session will include 15 min of training of each ankle; training sessions will be conducted 3 times/week over a 12-week period, for a total of 9 hours of training on each ankle.
No Intervention: Control Group
Subjects will receive no intervention. Subjects will receive all outcome measures at baseline and at 3 months post enrollment. Subjects will also receive a fall-incidence reporting form 9 months post enrollment. No other intervention - i.e. no treatment - is given.
- Change in Number of Falls [ Time Frame: Prior to training (baseline) and after 3 months training ]Fall Incidence Questionnaire that records the self-reported number and type of falls.
- ABC Fear of Falling Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Prior to training (baseline) and again after 3 months training ]The Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) Scale is a 16-item self-report measure in which subjects rate their balance confidence for performing activities. This stem is used to lead into each activity considered: "How confident are you that you will not lose your balance or become unsteady when you..." Items are rated on a rating scale that ranges from 0 - 100 Score of zero represents no confidence, a score of 100 represents complete confidence Overall score is calculated by adding item scores and then dividing by the total number of items.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02765425
|United States, Arkansas|
|University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Northwest|
|Fayetteville, Arkansas, United States, 72703|
|Principal Investigator:||John R Jefferson, PhD, PT||University of Arkansas|