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Vevorisertib (ARQ 751) as a Single Agent or in Combination With Other Anti-Cancer Agents, in Solid Tumors With PIK3CA / AKT / PTEN Mutations (MK-4440-001)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02761694
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Business Reasons)
First Posted : May 4, 2016
Results First Posted : June 15, 2022
Last Update Posted : June 15, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
ArQule, Inc. (a wholly owned subsidiary of Merck Sharp and Dohme, a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc.)

Brief Summary:
The primary objectives of this study are: Part 1 - Vevorisertib as single agent: To assess the safety and tolerability of vevorisertib in participants with advanced solid tumors with v-Akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog (AKT) 1, 2, 3 genetic alterations, activating phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) mutations, phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN)-null, or other known actionable PTEN mutations; Part 2 - Vevorisertib in combination with other anti-cancer agents: To assess the safety and tolerability of vevorisertib in combination with paclitaxel or fulvestrant in participants with advanced, inoperable, metastatic and/or recurrent solid tumors with phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha (PIK3CA) / PTEN actionable mutations and/or AKT genetic alterations.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cancer Solid Tumors Drug: Vevorisertib Drug: Fulvestrant Drug: Paclitaxel Phase 1

Detailed Description:
This study was terminated due to business reasons, and pharmacokinetic (PK) testing was prioritized.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 78 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1b Study of ARQ 751 as a Single Agent or in Combination With Other Anti-cancer Agents in Adult Subjects With Advanced Solid Tumors With PIK3CA / AKT / PTEN Mutations
Actual Study Start Date : June 26, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 10, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : March 10, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Part 1: Vevorisertib 5 mg QD
Participants will receive vevorisertib 5 mg orally once a day (QD) until discontinuation or toxicity.
Drug: Vevorisertib
Administered as an oral dose every day or every other day.
Other Names:
  • ARQ 751
  • MK-4440

Experimental: Part 1: Vevorisertib 10 mg QD
Participants will receive vevorisertib 10 mg orally QD until discontinuation or toxicity.
Drug: Vevorisertib
Administered as an oral dose every day or every other day.
Other Names:
  • ARQ 751
  • MK-4440

Experimental: Part 1: Vevorisertib 20 mg QD
Participants will receive vevorisertib 20 mg orally QD until discontinuation or toxicity.
Drug: Vevorisertib
Administered as an oral dose every day or every other day.
Other Names:
  • ARQ 751
  • MK-4440

Experimental: Part 1: Vevorisertib 25 mg QD
Participants will receive vevorisertib 25 mg orally QD until discontinuation or toxicity.
Drug: Vevorisertib
Administered as an oral dose every day or every other day.
Other Names:
  • ARQ 751
  • MK-4440

Experimental: Part 1: Vevorisertib 25 mg QOD
Participants will receive vevorisertib 25 mg orally every other day (QOD) until discontinuation or toxicity.
Drug: Vevorisertib
Administered as an oral dose every day or every other day.
Other Names:
  • ARQ 751
  • MK-4440

Experimental: Part 1: Vevorisertib 50 mg QD
Participants will receive vevorisertib 50 mg orally QD until discontinuation or toxicity.
Drug: Vevorisertib
Administered as an oral dose every day or every other day.
Other Names:
  • ARQ 751
  • MK-4440

Experimental: Part 1: Vevorisertib 75 mg QD
Participants will receive vevorisertib 75 mg orally QD until discontinuation or toxicity.
Drug: Vevorisertib
Administered as an oral dose every day or every other day.
Other Names:
  • ARQ 751
  • MK-4440

Experimental: Part 1: Vevorisertib 100 mg QD
Participants will receive vevorisertib 100 mg orally QD until discontinuation or toxicity.
Drug: Vevorisertib
Administered as an oral dose every day or every other day.
Other Names:
  • ARQ 751
  • MK-4440

Experimental: Part 2: Vevorisertib 50 mg QD plus Paclitaxel
Participants will receive vevorisertib 50 mg orally QD plus paclitaxel 80 mg/m^2 via intravenous (IV) infusion on Days 1, 7, 15 followed by a week of rest of each 28-day cycle until discontinuation or toxicity.
Drug: Vevorisertib
Administered as an oral dose every day or every other day.
Other Names:
  • ARQ 751
  • MK-4440

Drug: Paclitaxel
Administered as an intravenous (IV) infusion.
Other Name: Taxol

Experimental: Part 2: Vevorisertib 75 mg QD plus Paclitaxel
Participants will receive vevorisertib 75 mg orally QD plus paclitaxel 80 mg/m^2 via IV infusion on Days 1, 7, and 15 followed by a week of rest of each 28-day cycle until discontinuation or toxicity.
Drug: Vevorisertib
Administered as an oral dose every day or every other day.
Other Names:
  • ARQ 751
  • MK-4440

Drug: Paclitaxel
Administered as an intravenous (IV) infusion.
Other Name: Taxol

Experimental: Part 2: Vevorisertib 50 mg QD plus Fulvestrant
Participants will receive vevorisertib 50 mg orally QD plus fulvestrant 500 mg via intramuscular (IM) injection on Days 1 and 15 of Cycle 1, and Day 1 of each 28-day cycle thereafter until discontinuation or toxicity.
Drug: Vevorisertib
Administered as an oral dose every day or every other day.
Other Names:
  • ARQ 751
  • MK-4440

Drug: Fulvestrant
Administered as an intramuscular (IM) injection.
Other Name: Faslodex

Experimental: Part 2: Vevorisertib 75 mg QD plus Fulvestrant
Participants will receive vevorisertib 75 mg orally QD plus fulvestrant 500 mg via IM injection on Days 1 and 15 of Cycle 1, and Day 1 of each 28-day cycle thereafter until discontinuation or toxicity.
Drug: Vevorisertib
Administered as an oral dose every day or every other day.
Other Names:
  • ARQ 751
  • MK-4440

Drug: Fulvestrant
Administered as an intramuscular (IM) injection.
Other Name: Faslodex




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants Who Experience One or More Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 120 weeks ]
    An AE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a subject or clinical investigation subject administered a pharmaceutical product that does not necessarily have a causal relationship with study-drug treatment. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding, for example), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product or protocol-specified procedure, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product or protocol-specified procedure. Any worsening (i.e., any clinically significant adverse change in frequency and/or intensity) of a pre-existing condition that is temporally associated with the use of the Sponsor's product, is also an AE.

  2. Number of Participants Who Discontinue Study Treatment Due to an AE [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 116 weeks ]
    An AE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a subject or clinical investigation subject administered a pharmaceutical product that does not necessarily have a causal relationship with study-drug treatment. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding, for example), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product or protocol-specified procedure, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product or protocol-specified procedure. Any worsening (i.e., any clinically significant adverse change in frequency and/or intensity) of a pre-existing condition that is temporally associated with the use of the Sponsor's product, is also an AE.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of Vevorisertib [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1: predose and 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 24 hours postdose; Cycle 1 Day 22: predose and 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 24 hours postdose; Cycle 2 Day 1: predose. Cycle = 28 days. ]
    Cmax was defined as the maximum plasma drug concentration. This study was terminated because of business reasons. Due to study termination, pharmacokinetic (PK) testing was prioritized for dosing arms and timepoints that would provide the required data to support programmatic decision-making and subsequent clinical studies. Zero participants analyzed entered in the table indicate data were not generated and no data were available. Cmax is reported as geometric mean with a percent coefficient of variation.

  2. Area Under the Curve From 0-24 Hours (AUC0-24 Hours) of Vevorisertib [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1: predose and 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 24 hours postdose; Cycle 1 Day 22: predose and 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 24 hours postdose; Cycle 2 Day 1: predose. Cycle = 28 days. ]
    AUC0-24hrs was defined as area under the concentration-time curve from time 0 to 24 hours after dose administration. This study was terminated because of business reasons. Due to study termination, pharmacokinetic (PK) testing was prioritized for dosing arms and timepoints that would provide the required data to support programmatic decision-making and subsequent clinical studies. Zero participants analyzed entered in the table indicate data were not generated and no data were available. AUC0-24 is reported as geometric mean with a percent coefficient of variation.

  3. Elimination Half-life (t½) of Vevorisertib [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1: predose, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 24 hours postdose; Cycle 1 Day 22: predose, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 24 hours postdose; Cycle 2 Day 1: predose. Cycle = 28 days. ]
    t1/2 was defined as the terminal elimination half-life of drug. This study was terminated because of business reasons. Due to study termination, pharmacokinetic (PK) testing was prioritized for dosing arms and timepoints that would provide the required data to support programmatic decision-making and subsequent clinical studies. Zero participants analyzed entered in the table indicate data were not generated and no data were available. t1/2 is reported as geometric mean with a percent coefficient of variation.

  4. Number of Participants With a Dose-Limiting Toxicity (DLT), for the Determination of Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) and Recommended Phase 2 Dose (RP2D) [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 (Up to approximately 28 days) ]
    DLTs consisted of hematologic or non-hematologic toxicities. Hematologic DLT was any grade (Gr) 4 anemia, Gr 4 neutropenia, Gr 4 thrombocytopenia, Gr 3 lasting >7 days, Gr 3 thrombocytopenia in the presence of bleeding, or ≥ Gr 3 hyperglycemia. Non-hematologic DLT was any Gr 3, 4 or 5 non-hematologic toxicity with the exception of: (1) Gr 3 nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or responding to optimal medical management within 48 hours; (2) alopecia. Per protocol DLTs were analyzed in the first 28-day treatment cycle. The number of participants experiencing DLTs is reported here for all participants who got ≥1 dose of study drug.

  5. Objective Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 116 weeks ]
    ORR was defined as the percentage of participants who have best response of Complete Response (CR: Disappearance of all target lesions) or Partial Response (PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum of diameters) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1).

  6. Best Overall Response (BOR) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 116 weeks ]
    BOR was assessed using RECIST 1.1. Response categories included: CR: disappearance of all target lesions; PR: at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions; Progressive Disease (PD): at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions and an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered PD; Stable Disease (SD): neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD; and Inevaluable: participants who have SD as their best overall response but fail to achieve the protocol-defined duration for SD. Percentage of participants with CR, PR, SD, PD, or inevaluable as a best overall response have been reported.

  7. Disease Control Rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 116 weeks ]
    DCR was defined, per RECIST 1.1, as the percentage of participants who have a Complete Response (CR: Disappearance of all target lesions) or Partial Response (PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions) or Stable Disease (SD: Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for progressive disease [PD: At least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions and an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered PD].



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Signed written informed consent granted prior to initiation of any study-specific procedures
  2. 18 years of age and older
  3. Histologically and/or cytologically documented diagnosis of a selected tumor type that is locally advanced, inoperable, metastatic or recurrent (including but not restricted to breast cancer, TNBC [triple negative]; HR-positive [HR+]/HER2-negative [HER2-] or endometrial cancer)
  4. Documented AKT genetic alterations or known actionable PIK3CA/PTEN mutations by genetic testing

    • Participants with tumors with PTEN null/PTEN loss-of-function mutations are not eligible

  5. For combination arms; participants should be eligible for paclitaxel or fulvestrant therapy as per Investigator assessment
  6. Failure to respond to standard systemic therapy, or for whom standard or curative systemic therapy does not exist or is not tolerable

    • Participants in single agent arm (with AKT genetic alterations) and participants in dose escalation cohorts of combination therapy arms should have at least one line of standard systemic therapy
    • Participants in single agent arm (with PIK3CA/PTEN actionable mutations) and participants in the expansion cohorts of combination therapy arms should have no more than 3 prior systemic regimens for the advanced disease
    • Neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy are considered one regimen if they are a continuation of the same regimen with interval debulking surgery
    • If the participant is refractory or has disease progression within 6 months after completion of the adjuvant treatment, then the adjuvant treatment should be considered as the line of treatment rather than an adjuvant therapy.
    • Endocrine (hormonal) therapy does not count toward total lines of therapy
    • Maintenance therapy is considered part of the preceding regimen if one or more of the same drugs are continued
  7. Has at least one measurable target lesion according to RECIST v. 1.1
  8. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) ≤ 1
  9. Adequate organ function as indicated by the following laboratory values. (All laboratory tests must be obtained within 14 days prior to the first dose of study treatment):

    1. Hematological

      • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 10⁹/L
      • Platelet count (Plt) ≥ 100 x 10⁹/L
      • Hemoglobin (Hb) ≥ 9 g/dL
      • International normalized ratio (INR) 0.8 to upper limit of normal (ULN) or ≤ 3 for participants receiving anticoagulant therapy such as Coumadin or heparin
    2. Renal

      • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for participants with serum creatinine levels > 1.5 x institutional ULN
    3. Hepatic

      • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN
      • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3 x ULN or ≤ 5 x ULN for participants with known liver metastases
    4. Metabolic

      • Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) ≤ 8% (≤ 64 mmol/mol)
  10. If a participant is currently receiving bisphosphonates or any other drug for treatment of osteoporosis, treatment-induced bone loss and metastases to bone, the participant must have received the bisphosphonates for at least four weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment

    • Initiation of bisphosphonates or similar agents during the study may be allowed provided the participant completes the first cycle of treatment without any dose limiting toxicity (DLT) and the Investigator rules out tumor progression

  11. Male or female participants of child-producing potential must agree to use adequate contraception, including double-barrier contraceptive measures, oral contraception, or avoidance of intercourse during the study and for 90 days after the last dose of study treatment
  12. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test. "Women of childbearing potential" is defined as sexually mature women who have not undergone a hysterectomy or who have not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months prior to the first dose of study treatment

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Anti-cancer therapy, such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, hormonal therapy, targeted therapy, or investigational agents within five half-lives or four weeks, whichever is shorter, prior to administration of the first dose of study treatment

    • To be eligible for study treatment, toxicity from prior treatment(s) must recover to Grade ≤ 1, except for alopecia
    • Concurrent systemic high-dose corticosteroids (in dosing exceeding 10 mg QD of prednisone equivalent) when used intermittently in an antiemetic regimen, for central nervous system (CNS) metastases management, or as a part of the premedication regimen are allowed
  2. Radiation therapy within four weeks, or palliative radiation therapy within two weeks, prior to administration of the first dose of study treatment

    • To be eligible for study treatment, radiation therapy-related toxicity must recover to Grade ≤ 1 prior to administration of the first dose of study treatment
    • Concurrent palliative radiotherapy for local pain-control or prevention of fracture (for known bone metastases) may be allowed provided the participant completes the first cycle of treatment, does not meet criteria of progressive disease, and treated lesions will not be included in the target/non-target lesion assessment
  3. Major surgical procedure within four weeks prior to administration of the first dose of study treatment

    • To be eligible for the study treatment, all surgical wounds must be fully healed, and any surgery-related adverse events must recover to Grade ≤ 1.

  4. Unable or unwilling to swallow the complete daily dose of vevorisertib
  5. Previous treatment with

    • AKT inhibitors (e.g., ARQ 092, MK-2206, GSK2141795, AZD5363; prior treatment with PI3K or mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor are allowed)
    • Prior taxane therapy for the advanced, metastatic disease (for participants considered for vevorisertib +paclitaxel combination arm only)
  6. Known prior allergic reaction to or severe intolerance of paclitaxel or fulvestrant. Intolerance is defined as a serious adverse event (AE), a grade 3 or 4 AE per Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v.4.03, or permanent treatment discontinuation
  7. History of Type 1 diabetes mellitus or Type 2 diabetes mellitus requiring regular medication (other than oral hypoglycemic agents) or fasting glucose ≥ 160 mg/dL at Screening visit
  8. Significant gastrointestinal disorder(s) that could, in the opinion of the Investigator, interfere with the absorption, metabolism, or excretion of vevorisertib (e.g., inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, extensive gastric resection)
  9. Known untreated or active CNS metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis

    • To be eligible for the study treatment, participants must have stable disease ≥ 1 month, confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan, and have CNS metastases well controlled by low-dose steroids, anti-epileptics, or other symptom-relieving medications

  10. History of myocardial infarction (MI) or New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II-IV congestive heart failure within 6 months of the administration of the first dose of study treatment (MI occurring > 6 months of the first dose of study treatment will be permitted); Grade 2 or worse conduction defect (e.g., right or left bundle branch block)
  11. A heart rate corrected QT (QTc) interval ≥ 480 msec, using the Fridericia's formula QTcF
  12. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <50% as determined by Multiple Gated Acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiogram (ECHO) in participants who received prior treatment with anthracyclines
  13. Concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled illness not related to cancer and/or social situation that would limit compliance with study requirements, including but not limited to:

    • Psychiatric illness, substance abuse
    • Ongoing or active known infection, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, hepatitis B or C virus
    • Significant pulmonary dysfunction, including pneumonitis, interstitial lung disease (ILD), idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, cystic fibrosis, severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
    • Peripheral neuropathy grade ≥2 (vevorisertib+paclitaxel combination arm)
    • Bleeding diathesis, thrombocytopenia or coagulation disorders (vevorisertib+fulvestrant combination arm)
    • Thrombotic/coagulation disorders within 6 months prior to the first dose of study treatment unless stable on anticoagulation for > 3 months
  14. Active or history of other malignancy other than the current cancer within 2 years of the first dose of study treatment, with the exception of carcinoma in-situ of the cervix, basal cell carcinoma, and superficial bladder tumors curatively treated
  15. Blood transfusion or administration of growth factors within 5 days prior to a blood draw being used to confirm eligibility
  16. Pregnant or breastfeeding

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02761694


Locations
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United States, Nevada
Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada
Las Vegas, Nevada, United States, 89169
United States, Oklahoma
Stephenson Cancer Center
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, 73104
United States, South Carolina
Charleston Hematology Oncology
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29414
United States, Tennessee
The Sarah Cannon Research Institute
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37203
United States, Texas
Mary Crowley Cancer Research
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75230
MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
ArQule, Inc. (a wholly owned subsidiary of Merck Sharp and Dohme, a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc.)
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by ArQule, Inc. (a wholly owned subsidiary of Merck Sharp and Dohme, a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc.):
Study Protocol  [PDF] April 9, 2019
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] March 10, 2021

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: ArQule, Inc. (a wholly owned subsidiary of Merck Sharp and Dohme, a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc.)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02761694    
Other Study ID Numbers: 4440-001
ARQ 751-101 ( Other Identifier: ArQule Study Number )
MK-4440-001 ( Other Identifier: Merck )
First Posted: May 4, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 15, 2022
Last Update Posted: June 15, 2022
Last Verified: June 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: http://engagezone.msd.com/doc/ProcedureAccessClinicalTrialData.pdf
URL: http://engagezone.msd.com/ds_documentation.php
Keywords provided by ArQule, Inc. (a wholly owned subsidiary of Merck Sharp and Dohme, a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc.):
AKT1
AKT2
AKT3
PI3K
solid tumors
cancer
ARQ 751
PTEN
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms
Paclitaxel
Fulvestrant
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Estrogen Receptor Antagonists
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs