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A Study of Solanezumab (LY2062430) in Participants With Prodromal Alzheimer's Disease (ExpeditionPRO)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02760602
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Insufficient scientific evidence that solanezumab would likely demonstrate a meaningful benefit to participants with prodromal AD as defined by study protocol.)
First Posted : May 3, 2016
Results First Posted : July 24, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 10, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eli Lilly and Company

Brief Summary:
The main purpose of this study is to investigate the safety and efficacy of the study drug solanezumab in participants with prodromal Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alzheimer's Disease Drug: Solanezumab Drug: Placebo Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 26 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A 24-Month, Phase 3, Multicenter, Placebo-Controlled Study of Efficacy and Safety of Solanezumab Versus Placebo in Prodromal Alzheimer's Disease
Study Start Date : June 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Solanezumab
Solanezumab given intravenously (IV) once every 4 weeks for up to 2 years.
Drug: Solanezumab
Administered IV
Other Name: LY2062430

Experimental: Placebo
Placebo given IV once every 4 weeks for up to 2 years.
Drug: Placebo
Administered IV

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Alzheimer´s Disease Assessment Scale- Cognitive Subscale (ADAS-Cog14) Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 Months ]
    ADAS-Cog14 is ADAS-Cog11 augmented with orientation, verbal memory, language, praxis, delayed free recall, digit cancellation, and maze-completion measures. The ADAS-Cog14 scale ranges from 0 to 90. Higher scores indicate greater disease severity.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline on Alzheimer´s Disease Cooperative Study-Activities of Daily Living Scale for Mild Cognitive Impairment (ADCS-MCI-ADL) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 Months ]
    The ADCS-MCI-ADL is a functional evaluation scale for MCI patients, based on information provided by an informant that describes the performance of participants in several ADLs. Total score ranges from 0 to 69; lower score indicates greater disease severity.

  2. Change From Baseline on the Mini Mental Status Examination (MMSE) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 Months ]
    MMSE is a brief screening instrument used to assess cognitive function (orientation, memory, attention, ability to name objects, follow verbal/written commands, write a sentence, and copy figures) in elderly participants.Total score ranges from 0 to 30; lower score indicates greater disease severity.

  3. Change From Baseline on the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 Months ]
    The MoCA will be used as the global cognitive screening instrument. It will also be administered in the clinical trial at baseline and the final visits of each phase as a secondary outcome measure of global cognition. Scores on the MoCA range from 0-30 with 26-30 indicating normal global cognition.

  4. Change From Baseline on the Functional Activities Questionnaire (FAQ) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 Months ]
    FAQ is a 10-item, caregiver-based questionnaire and was administered to the study partner who was asked to rate the participant's ability to perform a variety of activities ranging from Writing checks, Assembling tax records, shopping, playing games, food preparation, traveling, keeping appointments, Traveling out of neighborhood, keeping track of current events and understanding media. FAQ total score was calculated by adding the scores from each of the 10 items. Each activity is rated on a scale from 0 to 3 (Never did and would have difficulty now = 1; Never did [the activity] but could do now = 0; Normal = 0; Has difficulty but does by self = 1; Requires assistance = 2; Dependent = 3). The maximum FAQ total score is 30, with higher scores indicating greater impairment.

  5. Change From Baseline on the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 Months ]
    The NPI is a tool for assessing psychopathology in participants with dementia and other neurologic disorders. Information is obtained from a caregiver familiar with the participant's behavior. The score ranges from 12 to 144, with higher scores indicating greater disease severity.

  6. Change From Baseline on the Clinical Dementia Rating Scale Sum of Boxes (CDR-SB) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 Months ]
    CDR-SB is a semi-structured interview of participants and their caregivers. Participant's cognitive status is rated across 6 domains of functioning, including memory, orientation, judgment/problem solving, community affairs, home/hobbies, and personal care. Severity score assigned for each of 6 domains; total score (SB) ranges from 0 to 18. Higher scores indicate greater disease severity.

  7. Change From Baseline on the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 Months ]
    RBANS is a brief neurocognitive battery with four alternate forms, measuring immediate and delayed memory, attention, language, and visuospatial/constructional skills.

  8. Change From Baseline on the Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FCSRT) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 Months ]
    The FCSRT is a neuropsychological test of memory under conditions that control attention and cognitive processing in order to obtain an assessment of memory unconfounded by normal age-related changes in cognition.

  9. Change From Baseline on the Resource Utilization in Dementia-Lite (RUD-Lite) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 Months ]
    RUD-Lite assesses the healthcare resource utilization of participants and their caregivers to determine the level of formal and informal care attributable to Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Information on both caregivers (caregiving time, work status) and participants (accommodation and healthcare resource utilization) is collected from the baseline and follow-up interviews.

  10. Change From Baseline on the EuroQol 5-Dimensional Health-Related Quality of Life Scale (EQ-5D) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 Months ]
    EQ-5D (proxy version) measures mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, anxiety/depression; each has 3 severity levels (no, some, severe problems) coded to a 1-digit number (1-3). Digits are combined into 5-digit number describing health state. Visual analogue scale (VAS) assesses caregiver's impression of participant's overall health state; scores range: 0 to 100. Lower scores indicate greater disease severity.

  11. Change From Baseline on the Quality of Life in Alzheimer's Disease Scale (QoL-AD) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 Months ]
    QoL for AD assess participant rates mood, relationships, memory, finances, physical condition, and overall QoL assessment. Each of 13 items rated on a 4-point scale. Sum of items=total score (range: 13-52). Higher scores=greater QoL.

  12. Change From Baseline in Concentration of Plasma Amyloid-β Peptide (Aβ) and Plasma Solanezumab [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 Months ]
    Concentration of amino acid peptide known as Aβ 1-42 in plasma.

  13. Change From Baseline in Volumetric Magnetic Resonance Imaging (vMRI) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 Months ]
    MRI will be used to assess the effect of treatment on rate of whole brain volume.

  14. Change From Baseline in Florbetapir Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Standardized Uptake Value Ratio (SUVr) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 Months ]
    Florbetapir F18 PET used to assess the treatment effect in brain amyloid plaque deposition from baseline through 18 months as measured by florbetapir F18 PET Standardized Uptake Uptake Value ratio.

  15. Change From Baseline in Concentration of Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Aβ and CSF Tau Proteins [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 Months ]
    Changes in CSF parameters, including total and free Aβ1-40 and Aβ1-42 species and total tau and P-tau181 peptides, will be assessed.

  16. Change From Baseline in Neocortical Tau Deposits Using 18F-AV-1451 PET [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 Months ]
    Biomarker change will be analyzed to provide biomarker-based evidence that solanezumab affects the underlying disease pathology.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   55 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Has a diagnosis by the study investigator of a clinical syndrome of cognitive impairment consistent with prodromal AD per International Working Group (IWG) diagnostic criteria or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to AD per National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer's Association (NIA-AA) diagnostic criteria.
  • Scores 17-28 on Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) at screening.
  • Scores <27 on free recall cutoff score from the Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FCSRT) (Picture version) at screening.
  • Scores ≤4 on Modified Hachinski Ischemia Scale (MHIS).
  • Scores >0 on the Functional Activities Questionnaire (FAQ).
  • Has a florbetapir positron emission tomography (PET) scan or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) result at screening consistent with the presence of amyloid pathology.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has had MRI or computerized tomography (CT) of brain within previous 2 years showing pathology that would be inconsistent with a diagnosis of AD.
  • Has known allergy to humanized monoclonal antibodies.
  • Has an ongoing clinically significant laboratory abnormality, as determined by the investigator.
  • Has screening MRI with results showing >4 amyloid related imaging abnormalities H (ARIA-H) micro-hemorrhages or presence of ARIA-E.
  • Has any contraindications for MRI studies, including claustrophobia, the presence of metal (ferromagnetic) implants, or a cardiac pacemaker that is not compatible with MRI.
  • Has received treatment with a stable dose of an acetylcholinesterase (AChEI) inhibitor or memantine for less than 2 months before randomization. (If a participant has recently stopped AChEIs and/or memantine, he or she must have discontinued treatment at least 2 months before randomization.)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02760602

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Eli Lilly and Company
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Study Director: Call 1-877-CTLILLY (1-877-285-4559) or 1-317-615-4559 Mon - Fri 9 AM - 5 PM Eastern time (UTC/GMT - 5 hours, EST) Eli Lilly and Company
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Eli Lilly and Company:
Study Protocol  [PDF] March 28, 2016
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] March 8, 2017

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Eli Lilly and Company
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02760602    
Other Study ID Numbers: 16349
H8A-MC-LZBE ( Other Identifier: Eli Lilly and Company )
2016-000108-27 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: May 3, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 24, 2018
Last Update Posted: October 10, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Anonymized individual patient level data will be provided in a secure access environment upon approval of a research proposal and a signed data sharing agreement.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Time Frame: Data are available 6 months after the primary publication and approval of the indication studied in the US and EU, whichever is later. Data will be indefinitely available for requesting.
Access Criteria: A research proposal must be approved by an independent review panel and researchers must sign a data sharing agreement.
URL: https://vivli.org/
Keywords provided by Eli Lilly and Company:
monoclonal antibody
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Alzheimer Disease
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders